Edwards Air Force Base

Edwards Air Force Base
Near Lancaster, California in the United States
An F-35 Lightning II of the 461st Flight Test Squadron taking off at Edwards Air Force Base
Edwards AFB is located in California
Edwards AFB
Edwards AFB
Edwards AFB is located in the United States
Edwards AFB
Edwards AFB
Coordinates34°54′20″N 117°53′01″W / 34.90556°N 117.88361°W / 34.90556; -117.88361
TypeUS Air Force Base
Site information
OwnerDepartment of Defense
OperatorUS Air Force
Controlled byAir Force Materiel Command
Site history
Built1933 (1933) (as Muroc Bombing and Gunnery Range)
In use1933 – present
Garrison information
Brigadier General Matthew W. Higer
Garrison412th Test Wing
Airfield information
IdentifiersIATA: EDW, ICAO: KEDW, FAA LID: EDW, WMO: 723810
Elevation704.3 metres (2,311 ft) AMSL
Direction Length and surface
05R/23L 4,579.3 metres (15,024 ft) Concrete
05L/23R 3,657.6 metres (12,000 ft) Concrete
07/25 2,438.4 metres (8,000 ft) (South Base)
06/24 1,828.1 metres (5,998 ft) Asphalt
Other airfield
1x V/STOL pad
Source: Federal Aviation Administration[1][2]

Edwards Air Force Base (AFB) (IATA: EDW, ICAO: KEDW, FAA LID: EDW) is a United States Air Force installation in California. Most of the base sits in Kern County, but its eastern end is in San Bernardino County and a southern arm is in Los Angeles County. The hub of the base is Edwards, California. Established in the 1930s as Muroc Field, the facility was renamed Muroc Army Airfield and then Muroc Air Force Base before its final renaming in 1950 for World War II USAAF veteran and test pilot Capt. Glen Edwards.[3]

Edwards is the home of the Air Force Test Center, Air Force Test Pilot School, and NASA's Armstrong Flight Research Center. It is the Air Force Materiel Command center for conducting and supporting research and development of flight, as well as testing and evaluating aerospace systems from concept to combat. It also hosts many test activities conducted by America's commercial aerospace industry.

Notable occurrences at Edwards include Chuck Yeager's flight that broke the sound barrier in the Bell X-1,[4] test flights of the North American X-15,[4] the first landings of the Space Shuttle,[5] and the 1986 around-the-world flight of the Rutan Voyager.

  1. ^ FAA Airport Form 5010 for EDW PDF
  2. ^ FAA Airport Form 5010 for 9L2 PDF
  3. ^ Wells, Helen T.; Whiteley, Susan H.; Karegeannes, Carrie E. (1976). "Origins of NASA Names: VI—NASA INSTALLATIONS". www.hq.nasa.gov. Scientific and Technical Information Office National Aeronautics and Space Administration. Retrieved 6 August 2021. Muroc Air Force Base itself became Edwards Air Force Base after February 1950.
  4. ^ a b Collins 2009, p. 5.
  5. ^ "Flying Machine". Star-Gazette. 15 April 1982. p. 9 – via Newspapers.com.