Santa Catarina (state)

Santa Catarina
Estado de Santa Catarina
State of Santa Catarina
Flag of Santa Catarina
Coat of arms of Santa Catarina
Anthem: Hino do Estado de Santa Catarina
Map of the Brazil with Santa Catarina highlighted
Map of the Brazil with Santa Catarina highlighted
Coordinates: 27°15′S 50°20′W / 27.250°S 50.333°W / -27.250; -50.333Coordinates: 27°15′S 50°20′W / 27.250°S 50.333°W / -27.250; -50.333
Country Brazil
Largest cityJoinville
Named forSaint Catherine of Alexandria
 • GovernorCarlos Moisés (Republicanos)
 • Vice GovernorDaniela Reinehr (PL)
 • SenatorsDário Berger (PSB)
Esperidião Amin (PP)
Jorginho Mello (PL)
 • Total95,730.684 km2 (36,961.824 sq mi)
 • Rank20th
 • Total7,252,502
 • Rank11th
 • Density76/km2 (200/sq mi)
  • Rank9th
Demonym(s)Catarinense or Barriga-Verde (Green Belly)
 • Year2015 estimate
 • TotalUS$133 billion (PPP) US$75 billion (nominal) (6th)
 • Per capitaUS$19.084 (PPP) US$10.783 (nominal)(4th)
 • Year2017
 • Category0.808[2]very high (3rd)
Time zoneUTC-3 (BRT)
Postal Codes
87000-000 to 89990-000
ISO 3166 codeBR-SC

Santa Catarina (Portuguese pronunciation: [ˈsɐ̃tɐ kataˈɾinɐ], Portuguese: Estado de Santa Catarina, lit.'State of Saint Catherine') is a state in the South Region of Brazil. It is the 7th smallest state in total area and the 11th most populous.[3][4] Additionally, it is the 9th largest settlement, with 295 municipalities. The state, with 3.4% of the Brazilian population, generates 3.8% of the national GDP.[5]

Santa Catarina is bordered by Paraná to the north, Rio Grande do Sul to the south, the Atlantic Ocean to the east, and the Argentine province of Misiones to the west. The coastline is over 450 km, i.e., about half of Portugal's mainland coast. The seat of the state executive, legislative and judiciary powers is the capital Florianópolis. Joinville, however, is the most populous city in the state. Besides Espírito Santo, Santa Catarina is the only state whose capital is not the most populous city.[6] South of the Tropic of Capricorn, situated in the planet's southern temperate zone, the state has a humid subtropical climate (Cfa) in the east and west and an oceanic climate (Cfb) in the center.[7] Climatic conditions vary according to the relief of the region: in the west and mountainous plateau, snow and frost are relatively frequent, while on the coast the climate is warmer, capable of reaching high temperatures in summer.[7]

The territory of Santa Catarina is one of the oldest states in Brazil, separated from São Paulo in 1738, its first governor being José da Silva Pais. The state was created to extend Portuguese domains to southern Brazil until they reached the Rio de la Plata region. It is also the oldest state of the South Region of Brazil, older than Rio Grande do Sul (1807) and Paraná (1853). The state of Santa Catarina was settled by European immigrants: the coast was colonized by the Azorean Portuguese in the 18th century; the Itajaí Valley a portion of the southern region and northern Santa Catarina was settled by the Germans in the mid 19th century.[8][9] The south of the state was populated by the Italians in the last years of the 19th century. Children and grandchildren of Italian and German immigrants who moved from Rio Grande do Sul settled western Santa Catarina in the mid 20th century.[10]

The state's social indicators are among the best in Brazil. It has the highest rate of life expectancy in the country (just like the Federal District),[11] the lowest infant mortality rate and is also the state with the lowest economic inequality and illiteracy in Brazil.[12][13] Santa Catarina has the 6th highest GDP in the country,[14] with a diverse and industrialized economy.

  1. ^ "Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística". IBGE. 31 August 2012. Retrieved 3 August 2014.
  2. ^ "Radar IDHM: evolução do IDHM e de seus índices componentes no período de 2012 a 2017" (PDF) (in Portuguese). PNUD Brasil. Archived from the original (PDF) on 15 July 2019. Retrieved 18 April 2019.
  3. ^ Brazilian Official Territorial Area
  4. ^ "2014 IBGE Estimates – Estimates of Resident Population in Brazil, Federative Units and Municipalities" (PDF) (in Portuguese). Retrieved 12 September 2014.
  5. ^ População cresce menos do que a média nacional no último ano, diz IBGE
  6. ^ "IBGE | Cities | Santa Catarina | Joinville". Retrieved 9 August 2019.
  7. ^ a b Alvares, Clayton Alcarde; Stape, José Luiz; Sentelhas, Paulo Cesar; de Moraes Gonçalves, José Leonardo; Sparovek, Gerd (December 2013). "Köppen's climate classification map for Brazil". Retrieved 9 August 2019.
  8. ^ CABRAL, Oswaldo R. História de Santa Catarina. Rio de Janeiro, RJ: Laudes, 1970.
  9. ^ MATOS, Jacinto Antônio de. Colonização do Estado de Santa Catarina, Tip. de "O Dia": Florianópolis, 1917. 241 p.
  10. ^ EL-KHATIB, Faissal. História de Santa Catarina. Curitiba, PR: Grafipar, 1970. 4 v.
  11. ^ "Federation Units – Life expectancy at birth – Brazil – Total – 2017" (PDF). IBGE. p. 11. Retrieved 29 November 2018.
  12. ^ "Complete mortality table for Brazil – 2015" (PDF). IBGE. Retrieved 2 December 2016.
  13. ^ "Pesquisa Nacional por Amostra de Domicílios Contínua – PNAD Contínua | IBGE". Retrieved 9 August 2019.
  14. ^ Pontes, Helena Maria Mattos. "Contas Regionais 2015: queda no PIB atinge todas as unidades da federação pela primeira vez na série". IBGE – Agência de Notícias (in Brazilian Portuguese). Retrieved 9 August 2019.