Pacific Jazz Records

Pacific Jazz Records
Parent companyCapitol Music Group (Universal Music Group)
Founded1952 (1952)
FounderRichard Bock
Roy Harte
Defunct1965 (1965)
Distributor(s)Blue Note Records (reissues)
Country of originU.S.
LocationLos Angeles

Pacific Jazz Records was a Los Angeles-based record company and label best known for cool jazz or West coast jazz. It was founded in 1952 by producer Richard Bock (1927–1988)[1] and drummer Roy Harte (1924–2003).[2] Harte, in 1954, also co-founded Nocturne Records with jazz bassist Harry Babasin (1921–1988).[3]

Some of the musicians who recorded for Pacific Jazz included Chet Baker, Paul Desmond, Gerry Mulligan, Joe Pass, Gerald Wilson, the Jazz Crusaders,[4] Don Ellis, Clare Fischer, Jim Hall, Groove Holmes, Les McCann, Wes Montgomery, and Art Pepper.[5]

In 1957, Pacific Jazz Records changed its name to World Pacific Records[6] to expand into a full-line label, with the Pacific Jazz label retained for jazz releases.[7][8]

In 1958 Richard Bock and World Pacific were instrumental in introducing Indian traditional music to the West via Ravi Shankar, who also recorded for World Pacific.[9][5]

Bock sold the label to Liberty Records in 1965, though he remained as an adviser until 1970. Liberty was merged into and discontinued by United Artists Records in 1971; UA in turn was bought by EMI in 1979. Mosaic reissued some Pacific Jazz material in the late 1980s, as did Blue Note when it gained control of the catalog in the 1990s.[5]

  1. ^ Scott Yanow. "Richard Bock | Biography & History". AllMusic. Retrieved June 4, 2016.
  2. ^ Rye, Howard (January 2003). "Part II The Industry: 16. Recording: Record Labels/Companies: Pacific Jazz/World Pacific". Continuum Encyclopedia of Popular Music of the World. 1: 746. Retrieved December 8, 2015.
  3. ^ Harrod, James (March 2015). "Harry Babasin on Pacific Jazz". IAJRC Journal. 1 (48): 30–32. Retrieved December 8, 2015.
  4. ^ "Pacific Jazz Records". Discogs. Retrieved December 8, 2015.
  5. ^ a b c Rye, Howard (2002). Kernfeld, Barry (ed.). The New Grove Dictionary of Jazz. 3 (2nd ed.). New York: Grove's Dictionaries Inc. p. 217. ISBN 1-56159-284-6.
  6. ^ "World-Pacific new tag for Pacific Jazz". The Billboard. October 7, 1957. p. 27.
  7. ^ "Eddie Cochran - Skinny Jim". YouTube. April 25, 2008. Retrieved June 4, 2016.
  8. ^ "World Pacific". Discogs. Retrieved December 8, 2015.
  9. ^ Shankar, Peter Lavezzoli; foreword by Ravi (2007). The dawn of Indian music in the West. London: Continuum. p. 293. ISBN 978-0826428196.