New York City

New York
Interactive map outlining New York City
New York City is located in New York
New York City
New York City
Location within the state of New York
New York City is located in the United States
New York City
New York City
Location within the United States
Coordinates: 40°42′46″N 74°00′21″W / 40.7127°N 74.0059°W / 40.7127; -74.0059[2]
Country United States
State New York
Constituent counties (boroughs)Bronx (The Bronx)
Kings (Brooklyn)
New York (Manhattan)
Queens (Queens)
Richmond (Staten Island)
Settled1624 (1624)
Consolidated1898 (1898)
Named forJames, Duke of York
 • TypeStrong mayor–council
 • BodyNew York City Council
 • MayorEric Adams (D)
 • Total472.43 sq mi (1,223.59 km2)
 • Land300.46 sq mi (778.18 km2)
 • Water171.97 sq mi (445.41 km2)
Highest elevation401 ft (122 m)
Lowest elevation
0 ft (0 m)
 • Total8,804,190
 • Estimate 
(July 2023)[5]
 • Rank1st in the United States
1st in New York State
 • Density29,302.66/sq mi (11,313.81/km2)
 • Urban19,426,449
 • Urban density5,980.8/sq mi (2,309.2/km2)
 • Metro20,140,470
DemonymNew Yorker
 • Total$1.21 trillion (2022)
 • Metro$2.16 trillion (2022) (1st)
Time zoneUTC–05:00 (EST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC–04:00 (EDT)
ZIP Codes
100xx–104xx, 11004–05, 111xx–114xx, 116xx
Area codes212/646/332, 718/347/929, 917
FIPS code36-51000
GNIS feature ID975772 Edit this at Wikidata

New York, often called New York City[b] or simply NYC, is the most populous city in the United States, located at the southern tip of New York State on one of the world's largest natural harbors. The city comprises five boroughs, each coextensive with a respective county. New York is a global center of finance[11] and commerce, culture and technology,[12] entertainment and media, academics and scientific output,[13] and the arts and fashion, and, as home to the headquarters of the United Nations, is an important center for international diplomacy.[14][15][16][17][18]

With an estimated population in 2023 of 8,258,035[5] distributed over 300.46 square miles (778.2 km2),[4] the city is the most densely populated major city in the United States. New York has more than double the population of Los Angeles, the nation's second-most populous city.[19] New York is the geographical and demographic center of both the Northeast megalopolis and the New York metropolitan area, the largest metropolitan area in the U.S. by both population and urban area. With more than 20.1 million people in its metropolitan statistical area[20] and 23.5 million in its combined statistical area as of 2020, New York City is one of the world's most populous megacities.[21] The city and its metropolitan area are the premier gateway for legal immigration to the United States. As many as 800 languages are spoken in New York City,[22] making it the most linguistically diverse city in the world. In 2021, the city was home to nearly 3.1 million residents born outside the U.S.,[19] the largest foreign-born population of any city in the world.[23]

New York City traces its origins to Fort Amsterdam and a trading post founded on Manhattan Island by Dutch colonists around 1624. The settlement was named New Amsterdam in 1626 and was chartered as a city in 1653. The city came under English control in 1664 and was temporarily renamed New York after King Charles II granted the lands to his brother, the Duke of York,[24] before being permanently renamed New York in November 1674. New York City was the U.S. capital from 1785 until 1790.[25] The modern city was formed by the 1898 consolidation of its five boroughs: Manhattan, Brooklyn, Queens, The Bronx, and Staten Island, and has been the largest U.S. city ever since.

Anchored by Wall Street in the Financial District, Manhattan, New York City has been called both the world's premier financial and fintech center[26][27] and the most economically powerful city in the world.[28] As of 2022, the New York metropolitan area is the largest metropolitan economy in the world, with a gross metropolitan product of over US$2.16 trillion.[9] If the New York metropolitan area were its own country, it would have the tenth-largest economy in the world. The city is home to the world's two largest stock exchanges by market capitalization of their listed companies: the New York Stock Exchange and Nasdaq. New York City is an established safe haven for global investors.[29] As of 2023, New York City is the most expensive city in the world for expatriates.[30] New York City is home by a significant margin to the highest number of billionaires,[31] individuals of ultra-high net worth (greater than US$30 million),[32] and millionaires of any city in the world.[33]

  1. ^ Nigro, Carmen. "So, Why Do We Call It Gotham, Anyway?", New York Public Library, January 25, 2011. Accessed March 3, 2023. "It is here that we learn that the term Gotham is tied to the author Washington Irving, famous for his short stories 'The Legend of Sleepy Hollow,' and 'Rip Van Winkle.' It's also here that we learn Irving was being less than flattering when he nicknamed the city in 1807."
  2. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
  3. ^ "ArcGIS REST Services Directory". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 20, 2022.
  4. ^ a b Cite error: The named reference QuickFacts was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  5. ^ a b Cite error: The named reference Estimate2023 was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  6. ^ "List of 2020 Census Urban Areas". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 8, 2023.
  7. ^ "2020 Population and Housing State Data". United States Census Bureau. August 12, 2021. Retrieved November 24, 2021.
  8. ^ "Gross Domestic Product by County and Metropolitan Area",
  9. ^ a b "Total Gross Domestic Product for New York-Newark-Jersey City, NY-NJ-PA (MSA)",
  10. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. June 23, 2018. Retrieved January 31, 2008. Search for feature ID 975772.
  11. ^ "Shanghai and New York--Similar, But Different". Retrieved February 10, 2024.
  12. ^ Eisenpress, Cara (April 28, 2023). "New York is closer than ever to beating the Bay Area on tech". Crain Communications. Retrieved June 17, 2023.
  13. ^ "Leading 200 science cities | Nature Index 2022 Science Cities". Retrieved April 24, 2024.
  14. ^ "NYC Mayor's Office for International Affairs". The City of New York. Archived from the original on June 16, 2015. Retrieved June 24, 2015.
  15. ^ "DDC New York". Digital Diplomacy Coalition, New York. Archived from the original on July 27, 2018. Retrieved August 11, 2018. Established in 2014, DDC New York has partnered with the United Nations, major tech and social media companies, multiple governments, and NGOs to bring unique programs to the area community.
  16. ^ Will Martin and Libertina Brandt (June 14, 2019). "The 21 most influential cities in the world". Business Insider. Retrieved August 9, 2023.
  17. ^ Edward Robb Ellis (December 21, 2004). The Epic of New York City: A Narrative History. Basic Books. p. 593. ISBN 9780786714360. Retrieved January 2, 2023.
  18. ^ Roberts, Sam (September 14, 2017). "When the World Called for a Capital". The New York Times. Retrieved January 2, 2023.
  19. ^ a b U.S. Census Bureau History: New York City and the New Year, United States Census Bureau. Accessed January 30, 2024. "In 2021, 3,079,776 New Yorkers identified themselves as foreign-born, including 1,542,413 Latin American, 910,151 Asian, and 443,113 European immigrants.... The 2020 Census found that New York City was home to 8,804,190 people. Los Angeles, CA, was the nation's distant second most populous city with 3,898,747 residents."
  20. ^ Census Data for the New York-Newark-Jersey City, NY-NJ-PA Metro Area, United States Census Bureau. Accessed January 30, 2024.
  21. ^ "Big Radius Tool: StatsAmerica". Indiana Business Research Center. Retrieved October 30, 2022.
  22. ^ Lubin, Gus (February 15, 2017). "Queens has more languages than anywhere in the world—here's where they're found". Business Insider. Retrieved December 29, 2019.
  23. ^ "More Foreign-Born Immigrants Live in NYC Than There Are People in Chicago". HuffPost. December 19, 2013. Retrieved April 16, 2017.
  24. ^ Cite error: The named reference npsnetherland was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  25. ^ Fortenbaugh, Robert (1948). "The Nine Capitals of the United States". United States Senate. Retrieved September 7, 2008.
  26. ^ "The Global Financial Centres Index 35". Long Finance. March 21, 2024. Retrieved March 23, 2024.
  27. ^ Jones, Huw (March 24, 2022). "New York widens lead over London in top finance centres index". Reuters. Retrieved June 25, 2022.
  28. ^ "2021 Global Cities Report". Kearney. 2021. Retrieved July 30, 2022.
  29. ^ Marc Da Silva (January 3, 2017). "International investors eye New York as safe haven". Angelsmedia. Retrieved January 30, 2023.
  30. ^ Goh Chiew Tong (June 7, 2023). "New York overtakes Hong Kong as the most expensive city in the world for expats, new survey shows". CNBC. Retrieved June 9, 2023.
  31. ^ Annika Grosser (April 30, 2024). "The Cities With The Most Billionaires 2024". Forbes. Retrieved June 15, 2024. New York City once again is home to the most billionaires in the world: It's the primary residence of an estimated 110 billionaires who are worth a collective $694 billion. The Big Apple has long dominated the ranks,
  32. ^ Fernandez, Celia (March 14, 2023). "These are the top 10 cities where the 'super-rich' own homes — 6 are in the U.S." CNBC. Retrieved March 14, 2023.
  33. ^ "The New York Art Market Report". Arts Economics. Retrieved January 29, 2023. New York is the global headquarters of the art market, with the highest market share by value of art sales in the world. It is also a center of high net worth wealth, has the largest population of millionaires and billionaires globally, as well as being the key financial hub of the US.

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