New York City

New York
Coordinates: 40°42′46″N 74°00′22″W / 40.71278°N 74.00611°W / 40.71278; -74.00611[2]
CountryUnited States
StateNew York
Constituent counties (boroughs)Bronx (The Bronx)
Kings (Brooklyn)
New York (Manhattan)
Queens (Queens)
Richmond (Staten Island)
Settled1624 (1624)
Consolidated1898 (1898)
Named forJames, Duke of York
 • TypeStrong mayor–council
 • BodyNew York City Council
 • MayorEric Adams (D)
 • Total472.43 sq mi (1,223.59 km2)
 • Land300.46 sq mi (778.18 km2)
 • Water171.97 sq mi (445.41 km2)
Elevation33 ft (10 m)
 • Total8,804,190
 • Estimate 
(July 2021)[6]
 • Rank1st in the United States
1st in New York State
 • Density29,302.66/sq mi (11,313.81/km2)
 • Urban19,426,449
 • Urban density5,980.8/sq mi (2,309.2/km2)
 • Metro20,140,470
DemonymNew Yorker
Time zoneUTC−05:00 (EST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−04:00 (EDT)
ZIP Codes
100xx–104xx, 11004–05, 111xx–114xx, 116xx
Area codes212/646/332, 718/347/929, 917
FIPS code36-51000
GNIS feature ID975772
GDP (City, 2021)$886 billion[9] (1st)
GMP (2021)$2.0 trillion (1st)[10]
Largest borough by areaQueens (109 sq mi or 280 km2)
Largest borough by populationBrooklyn (2020 Census 2,736,074)
Largest borough by GDP (2021)Manhattan ($651.6 billion)[9] Edit this at Wikidata

New York, often called New York City[a] or NYC, is the most populous city in the United States. With a 2020 population of 8,804,190 distributed over 300.46 square miles (778.2 km2), the city is the most densely populated major city in the United States. NYC is more than twice as populous as Los Angeles, the nation's second-largest city. New York City is at the southern tip of New York State and is situated on one of the world's largest natural harbors. The city comprises five boroughs, each of which is coextensive with a respective county. The five boroughs, which were created in 1898 when local governments were consolidated into a single municipality, are: Brooklyn (Kings County), Queens (Queens County), Manhattan (New York County), the Bronx (Bronx County), and Staten Island (Richmond County).[11] New York City is a global city and a cultural, financial, high-tech,[12] entertainment, and media center with a significant influence on commerce, health care and scientific output in life sciences,[13][14] research, technology, education, politics, tourism, dining, art, fashion, and sports. Home to the headquarters of the United Nations, New York is an important center for international diplomacy,[15][16] and it is sometimes described as the world's most important city[17] and the capital of the world.[18][19]

The city is the geographical and demographic center of both the Northeast megalopolis and the New York metropolitan area, the largest metropolitan area in the U.S. by both population and urban area. With over 20.1 million people in its metropolitan statistical area and 23.5 million in its combined statistical area as of 2020, New York City is one of the world's most populous megacities.[20] The city and its metropolitan area are the premier gateway for legal immigration to the United States. As many as 800 languages are spoken in New York,[21] making it the most linguistically diverse city in the world. New York City enforces a right-to-shelter law guaranteeing shelter to anyone who needs shelter, regardless of their immigration status;[22] and the city is home to more than 3.2 million residents born outside the U.S., the largest foreign-born population of any city in the world as of 2016.[23] It is the most visited U.S. city by international visitors.[24] Providing continuous 24/7 service and contributing to the nickname The City That Never Sleeps, the New York City Subway is the largest single-operator rapid transit system in the world with 472 passenger rail stations, and Penn Station in Midtown Manhattan is the busiest transportation hub in the Western Hemisphere.[25]

New York City traces its origins to Fort Amsterdam and a trading post founded on the southern tip of Manhattan Island by Dutch colonists in approximately 1624. The settlement was named New Amsterdam (Dutch: Nieuw Amsterdam) in 1626 and was chartered as a city in 1653. The city came under British control in 1664 and was renamed New York after King Charles II granted the lands to his brother, the Duke of York.[26] The city was temporarily regained by the Dutch in July 1673 and was renamed New Orange; the city has been named New York since November 1674. New York City was the capital of the United States from 1785 until 1790,[27] and has been the largest U.S. city since 1790. The Statue of Liberty greeted millions of immigrants as they came to the U.S. via Ellis Island by ship in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, and is a symbol of the U.S. and its ideals of liberty and peace.[28]

Anchored by Wall Street in the Financial District of Lower Manhattan, New York City has been called both the world's leading financial and fintech center[29][30] and the most economically powerful city in the world,[31] and is home to the world's two largest stock exchanges by market capitalization of their listed companies, the New York Stock Exchange and Nasdaq.[32][33] As of 2021, the New York metropolitan area is the second largest metropolitan economy in the world with a gross metropolitan product of almost $2.0 trillion. If the New York metropolitan area were its own country, it would have the tenth-largest economy in the world. New York City is an established safe haven for global investors.[34] As of 2023, New York City is the most expensive city in the world for expatriates to live.[35] New York City is home to the highest number of billionaires,[36][37] individuals of ultra-high net worth (greater than US$30 million),[38] and millionaires of any city in the world.[39] Many districts and monuments in New York City are major landmarks, including three of the world's ten-most visited tourist attractions in 2023.[40] A record 66.6 million tourists visited New York City in 2019. Times Square is the brightly illuminated hub of the Broadway Theater District,[41] one of the world's busiest pedestrian intersections[42] and a major center of the world's entertainment industry.[43] Many of the city's landmarks, skyscrapers, and parks are known around the world, and the city's fast pace led to the phrase New York minute. The Empire State Building is a global standard of reference to describe the height and length of other structures.[44] New York's residential and commercial real estate markets are the most expensive in the world.[45]

The city features over 120 colleges and universities, including some of the world's top universities.[46] Its public urban university system, the City University of New York, is the largest in the nation.[47] In the 21st century, New York City has emerged as a global node of creativity, entrepreneurship,[48] and as a symbol of freedom and cultural diversity.[49] The New York Times has won the most Pulitzer Prizes for journalism and remains the U.S. media's newspaper of record. The Stonewall Inn in Greenwich Village, part of the Stonewall National Monument, is considered the historic epicenter of LGBTQ+ culture in the city[50] and the birthplace of the modern gay rights movement worldwide.[51][52] New York City is the headquarters of the global art market, with numerous art galleries and auction houses collectively hosting half of the world's art auctions; and the Metropolitan Museum of Art is both the largest and one of the world's most-visited art museums and hosts the globally focused Met Gala fashion event annually.[53][54]

  1. ^ Nigro, Carmen. "So, Why Do We Call It Gotham, Anyway?", New York Public Library, January 25, 2011. Accessed March 3, 2023. "It is here that we learn that the term Gotham is tied to the author Washington Irving, famous for his short stories The Legend of Sleepy Hollow, and Rip Van Winkle. It's also here that we learn Irving was being less than flattering when he nicknamed the city in 1807."
  2. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
  3. ^ "ArcGIS REST Services Directory". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 20, 2022.
  4. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. June 23, 2018. Retrieved January 31, 2008. Search for feature ID 975772.
  5. ^ "QuickFacts: New York city, New York". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 21, 2023.
  6. ^ "City and Town Population Totals". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved October 5, 2022.
  7. ^ "List of 2020 Census Urban Areas". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 8, 2023.
  8. ^ "2020 Population and Housing State Data". United States Census Bureau. August 12, 2021. Retrieved November 24, 2021.
  9. ^ a b "Gross Domestic Product by County, 2021" (PDF). Bureau of Economic Analysis. December 9, 2020. Retrieved December 9, 2020.
  10. ^ Iman Ghosh (September 24, 2020). "This 3D map shows the U.S. cities with the highest economic output". World Economic Forum. Retrieved July 22, 2023. The New York metro area dwarfs all other cities for economic output by a large margin.
  11. ^ "A 5-Borough Centennial Preface for Katharine Bement Davis Mini-History". The New York City Department of Correction. 1997. Archived from the original on October 23, 2011. Retrieved October 26, 2011.
  12. ^ Eisenpress, Cara (April 28, 2023). "New York is closer than ever to beating the Bay Area on tech". Crain Communications. Retrieved June 17, 2023.
  13. ^ "Top 50 science cities in life sciences". Retrieved March 26, 2022.
  14. ^ "Governor Hochul, Mayor Adams Announce Plan for SPARC Kips Bay, First-of-Its-Kind Job and Education Hub for Health and Life Sciences Innovation". State of New York. October 13, 2022. Retrieved October 13, 2022.
  15. ^ "NYC Mayor's Office for International Affairs". The City of New York. Archived from the original on June 16, 2015. Retrieved June 24, 2015.
  16. ^ "DDC New York". Digital Diplomacy Coalition, New York. Archived from the original on July 27, 2018. Retrieved August 11, 2018. Established in 2014, DDC New York has partnered with the United Nations, major tech and social media companies, multiple governments, and NGOs to bring unique programs to the area community.
  17. ^ Will Martin and Libertina Brandt (June 14, 2019). "The 21 most influential cities in the world". Business Insider. Retrieved August 9, 2023.
  18. ^ Edward Robb Ellis (December 21, 2004). The Epic of New York City: A Narrative History. Basic Books. p. 593. ISBN 9780786714360. Retrieved January 2, 2023.
  19. ^ Roberts, Sam (September 14, 2017). "When the World Called for a Capital". The New York Times. Retrieved January 2, 2023.
  20. ^ "Big Radius Tool: StatsAmerica". Indiana Business Research Center. Retrieved October 30, 2022.
  21. ^ Lubin, Gus (February 15, 2017). "Queens has more languages than anywhere in the world—here's where they're found". Business Insider. Retrieved December 29, 2019.
  22. ^ Annie McDonough (August 15, 2023). "Could New York City's right to shelter apply statewide?". City & State New York. Retrieved September 9, 2023.
  23. ^ "More Foreign-Born Immigrants Live in NYC Than There Are People in Chicago". HuffPost. December 19, 2013. Retrieved April 16, 2017.
  24. ^ "America's 10 most visited cities", World Atlas, September 23, 2021
  25. ^ Kimmelman, Michael (September 30, 2016). "Penn Station Reborn". The New York Times. ISSN 1553-8095. OCLC 1645522. Archived from the original on September 30, 2016. Retrieved September 16, 2023.
  26. ^ Cite error: The named reference npsnetherland was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  27. ^ Fortenbaugh, Robert (1948). "The Nine Capitals of the United States". United States Senate. Retrieved September 7, 2008.
  28. ^ "Statue of Liberty". World Heritage. UNESCO. Retrieved October 23, 2011.
  29. ^ "The Global Financial Centres Index 34". Long Finance. September 28, 2023. Retrieved September 28, 2023.
  30. ^ Jones, Huw (March 24, 2022). "New York widens lead over London in top finance centres index". Reuters. Retrieved June 25, 2022.
  31. ^ "2021 Global Cities Report". Kearney. 2021. Retrieved July 30, 2022.
  32. ^ Bird, Mike (September 22, 2015). "The 25 cities with the most economic power on earth". Insider. Retrieved May 15, 2020.
  33. ^ Florida, Richard (May 8, 2012). "What Is the World's Most Economically Powerful City?". The Atlantic. Retrieved May 15, 2020.
  34. ^ Marc Da Silva (January 3, 2017). "International investors eye New York as safe haven". Angelsmedia. Retrieved January 30, 2023.
  35. ^ Goh Chiew Tong (June 7, 2023). "New York overtakes Hong Kong as the most expensive city in the world for expats, new survey shows". CNBC. Retrieved June 9, 2023.
  36. ^ Cite error: The named reference NYCMostBillionaires1 was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  37. ^ "2022 Billionaires: Cities With The Most Billionaires". Forbes. April 4, 2022. Retrieved January 27, 2023.
  38. ^ Fernandez, Celia (March 14, 2023). "These are the top 10 cities where the 'super-rich' own homes — 6 are in the U.S." CNBC. Retrieved March 14, 2023.
  39. ^ "The New York Art Market Report". Arts Economics. Retrieved January 29, 2023. New York is the global headquarters of the art market, with the highest market share by value of art sales in the world. It is also a center of high net worth wealth, has the largest population of millionaires and billionaires globally, as well as being the key financial hub of the US.
  40. ^ "World's Most Visited Tourist Attractions, Ranked". Retrieved April 22, 2023.
  41. ^ "Times Square". Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved May 10, 2011.
  42. ^ Appleton, Kate; Beattie, Rich; Glover, Adrien; Matthews, Lyndsey; Orcutt, April; Pramis, Joshua; Shields, Ann (November 10, 2014). "The World's Most Visited Tourist Attractions—No. 3: Times Square, New York City—Annual Visitors: 50,000,000". Travel + Leisure. Retrieved July 12, 2015. No. 3 Times Square, ... No. 4 (tie) Central Park, ... No. 10 Grand Central Terminal, New York City
  43. ^ "New York Architecture Images—Midtown Times Square". 2011 nyc-architecture. Archived from the original on January 25, 2017. Retrieved May 10, 2011.
  44. ^ Multiple sources:
  45. ^ Abby Montanez (March 1, 2023). "Buoyed by a Strong Dollar, NYC's Luxury Housing Market Surpasses London's". Robb Report, PMC. Retrieved July 21, 2023.
  46. ^ "Best Global Universities Rankings". October 30, 2018. Retrieved November 19, 2018.
  47. ^ "About CUNY". The City University of New York. Retrieved April 30, 2023.
  48. ^ "Venture Investment—Regional Aggregate Data". National Venture Capital Association and PricewaterhouseCoopers. Archived from the original on April 8, 2016. Retrieved April 22, 2016.
  49. ^ Phillips, Kristine (July 8, 2017). "New York mayor on Germany trip: The world should know that Americans don't align with Trump". The Washington Post. Retrieved July 9, 2017.
  50. ^ Cite error: The named reference NYCGayCapitalOfTheWorld1 was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  51. ^ "Workforce Diversity The Stonewall Inn, National Historic Landmark National Register Number: 99000562". National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior. Archived from the original on March 6, 2016. Retrieved September 22, 2022.
  52. ^ "Obama inaugural speech references Stonewall gay-rights riots". North Jersey Media Group Inc. January 21, 2013. Archived from the original on May 30, 2013. Retrieved September 22, 2022.
  53. ^ Cheshire, Lee; da Silva, José (March 27, 2023). "The 100 most popular art museums in the world—who has recovered and who is still struggling?". The Art Newspaper. Archived from the original on March 28, 2023. Retrieved July 8, 2023.
  54. ^ "The New York Art Market Report". Arts Economics. Retrieved October 20, 2022.

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