Portuguese Water Dog

Portuguese Water Dog
Cão de agua Português 2.jpg
Portuguese Water Dog
Other namescão de água português, cão de água algarvio
Common nicknamesPortie, PWD, Water Dog
OriginPortugal
Traits
Height Dogs 50–57 cm (20–22 in)
Bitches 43–52 cm (17–20 in)
Weight Dogs 19–27 kg (42–60 lb)
Bitches 16–23 kg (35–50 lb)
Coat curly or wavy
Life span 10–14 years
Kennel club standards
FCI standard
Dog (domestic dog)

The Portuguese Water Dog originated from the Algarve region of Portugal. From there the breed expanded to all around Portugal's coast, where they were taught to herd fish into fishermen's nets, retrieve lost tackle or broken nets, and act as couriers from ship to ship, or ship to shore.[1] Portuguese Water Dogs rode in fishing trawlers as they worked their way from the Atlantic waters of Portugal to the waters off the coast of Iceland fishing for cod.[2]

In Portuguese, the breed is called cão de água (IPA: [ˈkɐ̃w dɨ ˈaɡwɐ]; literally 'dog of water'). In Portugal, the dog is also known as the Algarvian Water Dog (cão de água algarvio), or Portuguese Fishing Dog (cão pescador português). cão de água de pêlo ondulado is the name given to the wavy-haired variety, and cão de água de pêlo encaracolado is the name for the curly-coated variety.[3]

The Portuguese Water Dog is a fairly rare breed; only 36 Portuguese Water Dogs were entered for Britain's Crufts competition in 2013.[4] Though some breeders claim they are a hypoallergenic dog breed, there is no scientific evidence to support the claim that hypoallergenic dog breeds exist.[5][6] Their non-shedding qualities have made them more popular in recent years. The Portuguese Water Dog has recently gained more fame by being the chosen breed of US President Barack Obama, who had two of them, Bo and Sunny.[7] The Obama family chose Sunny for the breed's comparatively hypoallergenic nature, while Bo was given to them by Senator Ted Kennedy.[8]

  1. ^ Portuguese Water Dog. Dogs 101. Animal Planet. Retrieved 4 December 2014. These versatile aquatic animals have been helping humans with water work for centuries. The Spanish Armada relied on Portuguese Water Dogs to carry messages from vessel to vessel...This rugged animal was bred to assist fisherman at sea. 'They did everything from retrieving fishnets to actually chasing fish or scaring fish into the nets themselves.' Exceptional swimmers and divers, Porties also retrieve lost tackles and rescue drowning sailors.
  2. ^ Correa, Paolo (2001). Portuguese Water Dog (Pet Love). Interpet Publishing. ISBN 1-903098-75-0.
  3. ^ Cite error: The named reference NCPWD was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  4. ^ "Crufts 2013 Results". 2013. Retrieved 29 April 2013.
  5. ^ Li, James. "Pet allergy: Are there hypoallergenic dog breeds?". Mayo Clinic. "There's no such thing as a hypoallergenic dog breed
  6. ^ "Hypoallergenic Dogs: What Is Myth and What Is Fact?". VetInfo. There is absolutely no scientific evidence that proves that these certain breeds of dog are 100% hypoallergenic
  7. ^ Leonard, Tom (12 April 2009). "Obamas choose Portuguese water dog called 'Bo'". The Daily Telegraph.
  8. ^ "World | Obama family 'picks first puppy'". BBC News. 12 April 2009. Retrieved 28 December 2014.