Total population
Canada: 39,858,480 (Q2 2023)[1]
Ethnic origins:[2][3]
Regions with significant populations
Map of the Canadian diaspora in the world
United States1,062,640[5]
Hong Kong300,000[5]
United Kingdom73,000[5]
United Arab Emirates40,000[7]
South Korea14,210[5]
Languages of Canada[11]

Canadians (French: Canadiens) are people identified with the country of Canada. This connection may be residential, legal, historical or cultural. For most Canadians, many (or all) of these connections exist and are collectively the source of their being Canadian.

Canada is a multilingual and multicultural society home to people of groups of many different ethnic, religious, and national origins, with the majority of the population made up of Old World immigrants and their descendants. Following the initial period of French and then the much larger British colonization, different waves (or peaks) of immigration and settlement of non-indigenous peoples took place over the course of nearly two centuries and continue today. Elements of Indigenous, French, British, and more recent immigrant customs, languages, and religions have combined to form the culture of Canada, and thus a Canadian identity. Canada has also been strongly influenced by its linguistic, geographic, and economic neighbour—the United States.

Canadian independence from the United Kingdom grew gradually over the course of many years following the formation of the Canadian Confederation in 1867. The First and Second World Wars, in particular, gave rise to a desire among Canadians to have their country recognized as a fully-fledged, sovereign state, with a distinct citizenship. Legislative independence was established with the passage of the Statute of Westminster, 1931, the Canadian Citizenship Act, 1946, took effect on January 1, 1947, and full sovereignty was achieved with the patriation of the constitution in 1982. Canada's nationality law closely mirrored that of the United Kingdom. Legislation since the mid-20th century represents Canadians' commitment to multilateralism and socioeconomic development.

  1. ^ Statistics Canada (September 29, 2021). "Population estimates, quarterly". Government of Canada. Archived from the original on June 14, 2018.
  2. ^ Government of Canada, Statistics Canada (October 26, 2022). "The Canadian census: A rich portrait of the country's religious and ethnocultural diversity". Retrieved October 26, 2022. In 2021, just over 25 million people reported being White in the census, representing close to 70% of the total Canadian population. The vast majority reported being White only, while 2.4% also reported one or more other racialized groups.
  3. ^ Government of Canada, Statistics Canada (October 26, 2022). "Visible minority and population group by generation status: Canada, provinces and territories, census metropolitan areas and census agglomerations with parts". Retrieved October 26, 2022.
  4. ^ Cite error: The named reference 2021newsrelease was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h "Canadians Abroad: Canada's Global Asset" (PDF). Asia Pacific Foundation of Canada. 2011. p. 12. Retrieved September 23, 2013.
  6. ^ "Relations bilatérales du Canada et France". France Diplomatie : : Ministère de l'Europe et des Affaires étrangères. Archived from the original on March 4, 2016. Retrieved January 4, 2023.
  7. ^ "Canada may limit services for dual citizens". Gulf News. January 15, 2014. Retrieved July 12, 2015.
  8. ^ "Global Migration Map: Origins and Destinations, 1990–2017". Pew Research Center's Global Attitudes Project. Retrieved October 3, 2021.
  9. ^ Hasan, Shazia (August 20, 2019). "HC highlights growing ties between Canada, Pakistan". Dawn. Archived from the original on August 20, 2019. Retrieved November 24, 2022. Meanwhile, there are some 30,000 to 50,000 Canadians in Pakistan
  10. ^ "Ausländeranteil in Deutschland bis 2018". Statista.
  11. ^ Government of Canada, Statistics Canada (August 4, 2017). "Proportion of mother tongue responses for various regions in Canada, 2016 Census".
  12. ^ a b "Field Listing :: Religions — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". Archived from the original on January 9, 2019.

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