Devon

Devon
Motto(s): 
"Auxilio Divino"
("With God's help")
Devon within England
Coordinates: 50°43′N 3°43′W / 50.717°N 3.717°W / 50.717; -3.717Coordinates: 50°43′N 3°43′W / 50.717°N 3.717°W / 50.717; -3.717
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Constituent countryEngland
RegionSouth West
EstablishedAncient
Time zoneUTC±00:00 (Greenwich Mean Time)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+01:00 (British Summer Time)
Members of ParliamentList of MPs
PoliceDevon and Cornwall Police
Ceremonial county
Lord LieutenantDavid Fursdon[1]
High SheriffGerald Hine-Haycock [2] (2020–21)
Area6,707 km2 (2,590 sq mi)
 • Ranked4th of 48
Population (mid-2019 est.)1,194,166
 • Ranked11th of 48
Density178/km2 (460/sq mi)
Ethnicity94.9% White British (2011) [note 1]
Non-metropolitan county
County councilDevon County Council
ExecutiveConservative
Admin HQExeter
Area6,564 km2 (2,534 sq mi)
 • Ranked3rd of 26
Population802,375
 • Ranked12th of 26
Density122/km2 (320/sq mi)
ISO 3166-2GB-DEV
ONS code18
GSS codeE10000008
NUTSUKK43
Websitewww.devon.gov.uk
Unitary authorities
CouncilsPlymouth City Council
Torbay Council
Districts
Devon numbered districts.svg
Districts of Devon
Unitary County council area
Districts
  1. North Devon
  2. Torridge
  3. Mid Devon
  4. East Devon
  5. City of Exeter
  6. West Devon
  7. Teignbridge
  8. City of Plymouth
  9. South Hams
  10. Torbay

Devon (/ˈdɛvən/, also known as Devonshire) is a county of England, reaching from the Bristol Channel in the north to the English Channel in the south. It is part of South West England, bounded by Cornwall to the west, Somerset to the north-east and Dorset to the east. The city of Exeter is the county town. The county includes the districts of East Devon, Mid Devon, North Devon, South Hams, Teignbridge, Torridge and West Devon. Plymouth and Torbay are each geographically part of Devon, but are administered as unitary authorities.[4] Combined as a ceremonial county, Devon's area is 6,707 km2 (2,590 square miles)[5] and its population is about 1.1 million.

Devon derives its name from Dumnonia (the shift from m to v is a typical Celtic consonant shift). During the British Iron Age, Roman Britain and the early Middle Ages, this was the homeland of the Dumnonii Brittonic Celts. The Anglo-Saxon settlement of Britain resulted in the partial assimilation of Dumnonia into the Kingdom of Wessex during the eighth and ninth centuries. The western boundary with Cornwall was set at the River Tamar by King Æthelstan in 936. Devon was later constituted as a shire of the Kingdom of England.

The north and south coasts of Devon each have both cliffs and sandy shores, and the county's bays contain seaside resorts, fishing towns and ports. The inland terrain is rural, generally hilly and has a lower population density than many other parts of England. Dartmoor is the largest open space in southern England, at 954 km2 (368 square miles);[6] its moorland extends across a large expanse of granite bedrock. To the north of Dartmoor are the Culm Measures and Exmoor. In the valleys and lowlands of south and east Devon the soil is more fertile, drained by rivers including the Exe, the Culm, the Teign, the Dart and the Otter.

As well as agriculture, much of the economy of Devon is based on tourism. The comparatively mild climate, coastline and landscape make Devon a destination for recreation and leisure in England. Visitors are particularly attracted to the Dartmoor and Exmoor national parks; its coasts, including the resort towns along the south coast known collectively as the English Riviera; the Jurassic Coast and North Devon's UNESCO Biosphere Reserve; and the countryside including the Cornwall and West Devon Mining Landscape.

  1. ^ "Lord-Lieutenant for Devon: David Fursdon - Press releases". GOV.UK. 26 March 2015. Archived from the original on 8 March 2016. Retrieved 13 November 2016.
  2. ^ "No. 62943". The London Gazette. 13 March 2020. p. 5161.
  3. ^ "2011 Census: Ethnic group, local authorities in England and Wales". Office for National Statistics. Archived from the original on 11 May 2017. Retrieved 27 July 2018.
  4. ^ "Devon | county, England, United Kingdom". Encyclopedia Britannica. Archived from the original on 23 August 2017. Retrieved 4 July 2017.
  5. ^ "Devon County Council Geographic areas". Devon County Council. Archived from the original on 22 August 2012. Retrieved 12 December 2012.
  6. ^ "Welcome to the Dartmoor National Park Authority". Naturalengland.org.uk. Archived from the original on 6 September 2011. Retrieved 13 November 2016.


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