Piscataway, New Jersey

Piscataway, New Jersey
Township of Piscataway
The YMCA at the Community Center
The YMCA at the Community Center
Motto(s): 
A Proud Diversified Community
Location of Piscataway Township highlighted in Middlesex County.
Location of Piscataway Township highlighted in Middlesex County.
Census Bureau map of Piscataway Township, New Jersey
Census Bureau map of Piscataway Township, New Jersey
Piscataway is located in Middlesex County, New Jersey
Piscataway
Piscataway
Location in Middlesex County
Piscataway is located in New Jersey
Piscataway
Piscataway
Location in New Jersey
Piscataway is located in the United States
Piscataway
Piscataway
Location in the United States
Coordinates: 40°32′44″N 74°27′39″W / 40.545539°N 74.46072°W / 40.545539; -74.46072Coordinates: 40°32′44″N 74°27′39″W / 40.545539°N 74.46072°W / 40.545539; -74.46072[1][2]
Country United States
State New Jersey
CountyMiddlesex
FormedOctober 31, 1693
IncorporatedFebruary 21, 1798
Government
 • TypeFaulkner Act Mayor-Council
 • BodyTownship Council
 • MayorBrian C. Wahler (D, term ends December 31, 2020)[3][4]
 • Business administratorTimothy J. Dacey[5]
 • Municipal clerkMelissa A. Seader[6]
Area
 • Total18.96 sq mi (49.11 km2)
 • Land18.79 sq mi (48.68 km2)
 • Water0.17 sq mi (0.43 km2)  0.88%
Area rank149th of 565 in state
7th of 25 in county[1]
Elevation52 ft (16 m)
Population
 • Total56,044
 • Estimate 
(2019)[12]
56,837
 • Rank26th of 566 in state
4th of 25 in county[13]
 • Density2,975.5/sq mi (1,148.8/km2)
 • Density rank216th of 566 in state
16th of 25 in county[13]
Time zoneUTC−05:00 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC−04:00 (Eastern (EDT))
ZIP Codes
08854, 08855[14][15]
Area code(s)732 and 908[16]
FIPS code3402359010[1][17][18]
GNIS feature ID0882167[1][17]
Websitewww.piscatawaynj.org
Souvlaki grilling at the 2011 Greek Festival in Piscataway, New Jersey on May 15, 2011

Piscataway (/pɪˈskætəw/) is a township in Middlesex County, New Jersey, United States.[19] The township is a major bedroom suburb of the New York metropolitan area, located within the heart of the Raritan Valley region. As of the 2010 United States Census, the township's population was 56,044,[9][10][11] reflecting an increase of 5,562 (+11.0%) from the 50,482 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 3,393 (+7.2%) from the 47,089 counted in 1990.[20]

The name Piscataway may be derived from the area's earliest European American settlers who were coming as transplants from New Hampshire near the Piscataqua River. This river is a landmark defining the coastal border between New Hampshire and Maine. This is an area whose name derives from peske (branch) and tegwe (tidal river),[21] or alternatively from pisgeu (meaning "dark night") and awa ("place of")[22][23] or from a Lenape language word meaning "great deer"[24] The area was appropriated in 1666 by Quakers and Baptists who had left the Puritan colony in New Hampshire.[24]

Piscataway Township was formed on December 18, 1666, and officially incorporated by an act of the New Jersey Legislature on February 21, 1798, as part of the state's initial group of 104 townships.[25] The community, the fifth-oldest municipality in New Jersey,[26] has grown from Native American territory, through a colonial period and is one of the links in the earliest settlement of the Atlantic Ocean seacoast that ultimately led to the formation of the United States. Over the years, portions of Piscataway were taken to form Raritan Township (March 17, 1870, now Edison), Dunellen (October 28, 1887), Middlesex (April 9, 1913) and South Plainfield (March 10, 1926).[25]

Piscataway has advanced educational and research facilities due to the presence of Rutgers University, whose main campus spills into the township. SHI Stadium, home field for the Rutgers Scarlet Knights football team, is in Piscataway.[27] Part of the Robert Wood Johnson Medical School is located in Piscataway as well.

In 2008, Money magazine ranked Piscataway 23rd out of the top 100 places to live in America.[28][29] In 2014, the magazine ranked Piscataway 27th out of top 50 places to live in America.[30]

  1. ^ a b c d e 2019 Census Gazetteer Files: New Jersey Places, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 1, 2020.
  2. ^ US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 4, 2014.
  3. ^ Cite error: The named reference Council was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  4. ^ 2020 New Jersey Mayors Directory, New Jersey Department of Community Affairs. Accessed February 1, 2020.
  5. ^ Administration, Township of Piscataway. Accessed December 20, 2019. "The Office of the Mayor functions as the Administration Department of the Township. Serving with the Mayor is the Business Administrator who helps coordinate the delivery of public services to Township residents."
  6. ^ Township Clerk, Township of Piscataway. Accessed December 20, 2019.
  7. ^ Cite error: The named reference DataBook was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  8. ^ "Township of Piscataway". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved March 11, 2013.
  9. ^ a b DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 for Piscataway township, Middlesex County, New Jersey Archived February 12, 2020, at archive.today, United States Census Bureau. Accessed October 2, 2012.
  10. ^ a b Cite error: The named reference Districts2011 was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  11. ^ a b Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2010 for Piscataway township Archived August 27, 2014, at the Wayback Machine, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development. Accessed October 2, 2012.
  12. ^ Cite error: The named reference PopEst was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  13. ^ a b GCT-PH1 Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - State -- County Subdivision from the 2010 Census Summary File 1 for New Jersey Archived February 12, 2020, at archive.today, United States Census Bureau. Accessed October 2, 2012.
  14. ^ Look Up a ZIP Code for Piscataway, NJ, United States Postal Service. Accessed October 2, 2012.
  15. ^ Zip Codes, State of New Jersey. Accessed November 24, 2013.
  16. ^ Area Code Lookup - NPA NXX for Piscataway, NJ, Area-Codes.com. Accessed November 24, 2013.
  17. ^ a b US Board on Geographic Names, United States Geological Survey. Accessed September 4, 2014.
  18. ^ Geographic codes for New Jersey, Missouri Census Data Center. Accessed September 1, 2019.
  19. ^ Lurie, Maxine N. Lurie; Siegel, Michael; Mappen, Marc. Encyclopedia of New Jersey, p. 640. Rutgers University Press, 2004, ISBN 978-0-8135-3325-4. Accessed June 22, 2019.
  20. ^ Table 7. Population for the Counties and Municipalities in New Jersey: 1990, 2000 and 2010, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development, February 2011. Accessed October 2, 2012.
  21. ^ The Meaning of Piscataqua, seacoastnh.com. Accessed October 1, 2012.
  22. ^ The Origin of New Jersey Place Names: P, GetNJ.com. Accessed June 28, 2007.
  23. ^ Hutchinson, Viola L. The Origin of New Jersey Place Names, New Jersey Public Library Commission, 1938. Accessed September 18, 2015.
  24. ^ a b Cheslow, Jerry. "If You're Thinking of Living in: Piscataway", The New York Times, June 28, 1992. Accessed October 3, 2012. "What is now the township was settled in 1666 by Quakers and Baptists and fleeing the intolerant Puritan colony in New Hampshire. While Piscataway is a derivative of the Leni Lenape word for "great deer," the township is believed to have been named after the settlers' former home on the Piscataqua River."
  25. ^ a b Snyder, John P. The Story of New Jersey's Civil Boundaries: 1606-1968, Bureau of Geology and Topography; Trenton, New Jersey; 1969. p. 172. Accessed October 2, 2012.
  26. ^ About Piscataway Township, Piscataway, New Jersey. Accessed June 24, 2019. "Piscataway was founded in 1666 and officially incorporated in 1798. As the fifth-oldest municipality in New Jersey, Piscataway has grown from Native American territory through a colonial period and is one of the links in the earliest settlement of the Atlantic seacoast that ultimately led to the formation of the United States."
  27. ^ Staff. "Rutgers officially announces naming rights partnership with High Point Solutions for Rutgers Stadium", The Star-Ledger, June 21, 2011. Accessed October 3, 2012. "Rutgers officially announced today that High Point Solutions, a Sussex County-based technology supplier, has bought the naming rights to Rutgers Stadium. The 52,454-seat bowl will be renamed High Point Solutions Stadium..... The deal will last 10 years and Rutgers will be paid a reported $6.5 million."
  28. ^ Best Places to Live 2008, Money. Accessed July 27, 2008.
  29. ^ "Best Places to Live 2008 - 23. Piscataway, NJ", Money. Accessed November 24, 2013. "Today, the township is home to offices for large technology and consumer products firms such as Telcordia Technologies, Colgate-Palmolive and Johnson & Johnson."
  30. ^ Best Places to Live 2014, Money. Accessed September 19, 2014.