John Rae (explorer)

John Rae

John Rae cropped.jpg
Born(1813-09-30)30 September 1813
Died22 July 1893(1893-07-22) (aged 79)
Kensington, London, England
Burial placeSt. Magnus Cathedral, Kirkwall, Orkney Islands, Scotland
EducationUniversity of Edinburgh
OccupationPhysician, explorer, chief factor
EmployerHudson's Bay Company
Known forReport on the fate of Franklin's lost expedition
Catherine Thompson
(m. 1860)

John Rae FRS FRGS (Inuktitut: ᐊᒡᓘᑲ, [aɡluːka]; 30 September 1813 – 22 July 1893) was a Scottish surgeon who explored parts of northern Canada.

Rae explored the Gulf of Boothia, northwest of the Hudson Bay, from 1846 to 1847, and the Arctic coast near Victoria Island from 1848 to 1851. In 1854, back in the Gulf of Boothia, he obtained credible information from local Inuit peoples about the fate of the Franklin Expedition, which had disappeared in the area in 1848. Rae was noted for his physical stamina, skill at hunting, boat handling, use of native methods, and ability to travel long distances with little equipment while living off the land.