Edward Sabine

Edward Sabine
Sir Edward Sabine, 1788–1883 (cropped).png
Sabine in an 1850 portrait by Stephen Pearce
30th President of the Royal Society
In office
30 November 1861 – 30 November 1871 (1861-11-30 – 1871-11-30)
Preceded bySir Benjamin Brodie
Succeeded bySir George Airy
Personal details
Born(1788-10-14)14 October 1788
Dublin, Kingdom of Ireland
Died26 June 1883(1883-06-26) (aged 94)
East Sheen, London, England
Resting placeSt Peter Churchyard, Tewin
Spouse(s)
(m. 1828)
Relatives
EducationRoyal Military Academy
OccupationAstronomer, geophysicist
Expeditions
Awards
Military service
Branch British Army
Years of service1803–1877
RankMajor-general
Wars

Sir Edward Sabine KCB PRS FRSE (/ˈsbɪn/ SAY-bin; 14 October 1788 – 26 June 1883) was an Irish astronomer, geophysicist, ornithologist, explorer, soldier and the 30th president of the Royal Society.[1][2]

He led the effort to establish a system of magnetic observatories in various parts of British territory all over the globe. Much of his life was devoted to their direction, and to analyzing their observations.[1][2] Other research focused on the birds of Greenland, ocean temperatures, the Gulf Stream, barometric measurement of heights, arc of the meridian, glacial transport of rocks, the volcanoes of the Hawaiian Islands, and various points of meteorology.

  1. ^ a b Glaisher, J. W. L. (1884). "Sir Edward Sabine". Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society. 44 (4): 136–137. doi:10.1093/mnras/44.4.136.
  2. ^ a b "Sir Edward Sabine". Observatory. 6 (76): 232–233. 1883. Bibcode:1883Obs.....6..232.