Cork (city)


From top, left to right: City Hall, the English Market, Quadrangle in UCC, the River Lee, Shandon Steeple
From top, left to right: City Hall, the English Market, Quadrangle in UCC, the River Lee, Shandon Steeple
Coat of arms of Cork
Coat of arms
The Rebel City, Leeside, The Real Capital
Statio Bene Fida Carinis  (Latin)
"A safe harbour for ships"[1][2]
Cork City
Cork City
Cork is located in Ireland
Cork City
Cork is located in Europe
Cork (Europe)
Coordinates: 51°53′50″N 8°28′12″W / 51.89722°N 8.47000°W / 51.89722; -8.47000Coordinates: 51°53′50″N 8°28′12″W / 51.89722°N 8.47000°W / 51.89722; -8.47000
Founded6th century AD
City rights1185 AD
 • TypeCork City Council
 • Lord MayorJoe Kavanagh
 • LEAs5
 • Dáil Éireann
 • European ParliamentSouth
 • City187 km2 (72 sq mi)
 • Urban
174 km2 (67 sq mi)
 • Metro
820 km2 (320 sq mi)
 • Estimate 
 • Density1,123/km2 (2,910/sq mi)
 • Urban
 • Metro
 • Demonym
Corkonian or Leesider
Time zoneUTC0 (WET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+1 (IST)
T12, T21 and T23
Area code(s)021
Vehicle index
mark code

Cork (/kɔːrk/; Irish: Corcaigh, pronounced [ˈkoɾkɪɟ], from corcach, meaning "marsh")[6] is the second largest city in Ireland, located in the south-west of Ireland, in the province of Munster. Following an extension to the city's boundary in 2019, its population is c. 210,000.[3]

The city centre is an island positioned between two channels of the River Lee which meet downstream at the eastern end of the city centre, where the quays and docks along the river lead outwards towards Lough Mahon and Cork Harbour, one of the largest natural harbours in the world.[7][8]

Originally a monastic settlement, Cork was expanded by Viking invaders around 915. Its charter was granted by Prince John in 1185. Cork city was once fully walled, and the remnants of the old medieval town centre can be found around South and North Main streets. The third largest city by population on the island of Ireland, the city's cognomen of "the rebel city" originates in its support for the Yorkist cause in the Wars of the Roses.[9] Corkonians sometimes refer to the city as "the real capital",[10] a reference to its opposition to the Anglo-Irish Treaty in the Irish Civil War.[11]

  1. ^ statiō bene fīdā carīnīs: literally "a good trust-station for keels", adapted by inversion from Virgil's Aeneid (II, 23: statio male fida carinis, "an unsafe harbour"). Sometimes corrupted to "fide".
  2. ^ "Cork City Coat of Arms". Cork City Council. Archived from the original on 15 September 2015. Retrieved 21 February 2016.
  3. ^ a b c "Cork City's population to grow by 85,000 and expand fivefold ... at midnight". Irish Examiner. 30 May 2019. Retrieved 31 May 2019.
  4. ^ "Cork 2050 Main Report" (PDF). Cork County Council & Cork City Council. March 2017. Retrieved 12 November 2018.
  5. ^ "CSO Chapter 2 – Geographical Distribution – Population by constituency" (PDF). Central Statistics Office. Retrieved 10 June 2017.
  6. ^ Patrick Weston Joyce (1923). Irish Local Names – via
  7. ^ "RTÉ Television – The Harbour". RTÉ.ie. Retrieved 12 August 2010.
  8. ^ "Coastal & Marine Resources Centre – Cork Harbour Marine Life Research Project Report". Archived from the original on 29 February 2016. Retrieved 12 August 2010.
  9. ^ John Paxton (2000), The Penguin encyclopedia of places (3 ed.), Penguin, ISBN 978-0-14-051275-5
  10. ^ "Cork's small problem: the real issue for the real capital is its size". 7 April 2015. Retrieved 17 November 2015.
  11. ^ "The battle for Cork City, August 1922 – Interview with John Borgonovo". The Irish Story. Retrieved 22 May 2016.