Orlando, Florida

Orlando, Florida
City of Orlando
Top row: Downtown Orlando; 2nd row: Orange County Courthouse, Universal Studios Florida, Cinderella Castle at Walt Disney World; 3rd row: Gatorland, SeaWorld Orlando, Amway Center; 4th row: Linton E. Allen Memorial Fountain, Camping World Stadium, Church Street Station
Official seal of Orlando, Florida
Seal
Nickname(s): 
The City Beautiful, O-Town, Theme Park Capital of the World
Location in Orange County and Florida
Location in Orange County and Florida
Orlando is located in Florida
Orlando
Orlando
Location within Florida
Orlando is located in the United States
Orlando
Orlando
Location within the United States
Orlando is located in North America
Orlando
Orlando
Orlando (North America)
Coordinates: 28°32′24″N 81°22′48″W / 28.54000°N 81.38000°W / 28.54000; -81.38000Coordinates: 28°32′24″N 81°22′48″W / 28.54000°N 81.38000°W / 28.54000; -81.38000[1]
Country United States
State Florida
CountyOrange
Settled1843 (Jernigan)
Incorporated (city)February 4, 1885
Government
 • TypeStrong Mayor–Council
 • MayorBuddy Dyer (D)
 • City council
Members
  • Jim Gray (R)
  • Tony Ortiz (R)
  • Robert Stuart (D)
  • Patty Sheehan (D)
  • Regina Hill (D)
  • Bakari F. Burns (D)
Area
 • Total294.61 km2 (113.75 sq mi)
 • Land272.51 km2 (105.22 sq mi)
 • Water22.10 km2 (8.53 sq mi)
 • Urban
1,690.3 km2 (652.64 sq mi)
Elevation25 m (82 ft)
Population
 • Total238,300
 • Estimate 
(2019)[1]
287,442
 • Rank71st, U.S.
 • Density1,017.10/km2 (2,634.27/sq mi)
 • Urban
1,510,516 (32nd U.S.)
 • Metro
2,387,138 (23rd U.S.)
 • CSA
3,129,308 (15th U.S.)
Demonym(s)Orlandoan
Time zoneUTC−5 (EST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−4 (EDT)
ZIP Code(s)
32825
Area codes407, 689
FIPS code12-53000
GNIS feature ID0288240[3]
InterstatesI-4.svg
U.S. RoutesUS 17.svg US 92.svg US 441.svg
Major State RoutesToll Florida 408.svg Toll Florida 414.svg Toll Florida 417.svg Toll Florida 429.svg Toll Florida 528.svg Florida's Turnpike shield.svg
Websitehttp://www.orlando.gov

Orlando (/ɔːrˈlænd/) is a city in the U.S. state of Florida and is the county seat of Orange County. In Central Florida, it is the center of the Orlando metropolitan area, which had a population of 2,509,831, according to U.S. Census Bureau figures released in July 2017, making it the 23rd-largest metropolitan area[6] in the United States, the sixth-largest metropolitan area in the Southern United States, and the third-largest metropolitan area in Florida behind Miami and Tampa. As of 2019, Orlando had an estimated city-proper population of 287,442, making it the 71st-largest city in the United States, the fourth-largest city in Florida, and the state's largest inland city.

The City of Orlando is nicknamed "the City Beautiful", and its symbol is the Linton E. Allen Memorial Fountain,[7] commonly referred to as simply the "Lake Eola fountain" at Lake Eola Park. The Orlando International Airport (MCO) is the 13th-busiest airport in the United States and the 29th-busiest in the world.[8]

Orlando is one of the most-visited cities in the world primarily driven by tourism, major events, and convention traffic; in 2018, the city drew more than 75 million visitors. The two largest and most internationally renowned tourist attractions in the Orlando area are the Walt Disney World Resort, opened by the Walt Disney Company in 1971, and located about 21 miles (34 km) southwest of downtown Orlando in Bay Lake, and the Universal Orlando Resort, opened in 1990 as a major expansion of Universal Studios Florida and the only theme park inside Orlando city limits.

With the exception of the theme parks, most major cultural sites like the Orlando Museum of Art and Dr. Phillips Center for the Performing Arts and world-renowned nightlife, bars and clubs are located in Downtown Orlando while most attractions are located along International Drive like the Wheel at ICON Park Orlando. The city is also one of the busiest American cities for conferences and conventions; the Orange County Convention Center is the second-largest convention facility in the United States.

Like other major cities in the Sun Belt, Orlando grew rapidly from the 1970s into the first decade of the 21st century. Orlando is home to the University of Central Florida, which is the largest university campus in the United States in terms of enrollment as of 2015. In 2010, Orlando was listed as a "Gamma +" level global city by the Globalization and World Cities Research Network.[9]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
  2. ^ "2016 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 7, 2017.
  3. ^ a b "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. October 25, 2007. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  4. ^ 2070 List of Populations of Urban Areas. U.S. Census Bureau. census.gov. Accessed September 11, 2018.
  5. ^ "Population xurityEstimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved October 24, 2014.
  6. ^ Brinkmann, Paul. "New stats show Orlando grew faster than 30 biggest metros". Orlando Sentinel. Retrieved March 24, 2016.
  7. ^ O'Connor, Brendan (February 15, 2015). "Did You Know-town: The Lake Eola Fountain has a name?". Bungalower. Archived from the original on June 25, 2019. Retrieved June 25, 2019.
  8. ^ Passenger Traffic for past 12 months ending May 2011 Archived August 12, 2011, at the Wayback Machine. Airports.org. Retrieved August 21, 2011.
  9. ^ "The World According to GaWC 2020". GaWC - Research Network. Globalization and World Cities. Retrieved August 31, 2020.