Seattle

Seattle, Washington
Nickname(s): 
The Emerald City, Jet City, Rain City
Motto(s): 
The City of Flowers, The City of Goodwill
Location within King County
Location within King County
Seattle is located in Washington (state)
Seattle
Seattle
Location within the State of Washington
Seattle is located in the United States
Seattle
Seattle
Location within the United States
Seattle is located in North America
Seattle
Seattle
Location within North America
Coordinates: 47°36′35″N 122°19′59″W / 47.60972°N 122.33306°W / 47.60972; -122.33306Coordinates: 47°36′35″N 122°19′59″W / 47.60972°N 122.33306°W / 47.60972; -122.33306
CountryUnited States
StateWashington
CountyKing
FoundedNovember 13, 1851
Incorporated as a townJanuary 14, 1865
Incorporated as a cityDecember 2, 1869
Named forChief Si'ahl
Government
 • TypeMayor–council
 • BodySeattle City Council
 • MayorJenny Durkan (D)
 • Deputy mayorsMichael Fong and Shefali Ranganathan
Area
 • City142.07 sq mi (367.97 km2)
 • Land83.99 sq mi (217.54 km2)
 • Water58.08 sq mi (150.43 km2)
 • Metro
8,186 sq mi (21,202 km2)
Elevation
175 ft (53 m)
Highest elevation
520 ft (158 m)
Lowest elevation
0 ft (0 m)
Population
 • City608,660
 • Estimate 
(2019)[3]
753,675
 • RankUS: 18th
 • Density8,973.18/sq mi (3,464.55/km2)
 • Urban
3,059,393 (US: 14th)
 • Metro
3,979,845 (US: 15th)
 • CSA
4,903,675 (US: 14th)
Demonym(s)Seattleite[4] or Seattlite[5]
Time zoneUTC−8 (PST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−7 (PDT)
ZIP Codes
ZIP Codes[6][7]
Area code206
FIPS code53-63000
GNIS feature ID1512650[8]
WebsiteSeattle.gov Edit this at Wikidata
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Seattle (/siˈætəl/ (About this soundlisten) see-AT-əl) is a seaport city on the West Coast of the United States. It is the seat of King County, Washington. With a 2019 population of 753,675, it is the largest city in both the state of Washington and the Pacific Northwest region of North America. The Seattle metropolitan area's population is 3.98 million, making it the 15th-largest in the United States.[9] In 2013-2016, Seattle rated the fastest-growing major city and[10] remained in the top five in May 2015 with an annual growth rate of 2.1%.[11] In July 2016, Seattle ranked as the fastest-growing major U.S. city, with a 3.1% annual growth rate, and continuously among the fastest growing cities in the United States.[12]

Seattle is situated on an isthmus between Puget Sound (an inlet of the Pacific Ocean) and Lake Washington. It is the northern largest city in the United States, located about 100 miles (160 km) south of the Canadian border. A major gateway for trade with northern Asia, Seattle is the fourth-largest port in North America in terms of container handling as of 2015.[13]

The Seattle area was inhabited by Native Americans for at least 4,000 years before the first permanent European settlers.[14] Arthur A. Denny and his group of travelers, subsequently known as the Denny Party, arrived from Illinois via Portland, Oregon, on the schooner Exact at Alki Point on November 13, 1851.[15] The settlement was moved to the eastern shore of Elliott Bay and named "Seattle" in 1852, in honor of Chief Si'ahl of the local Duwamish and Suquamish tribes. Today, Seattle has high populations of Native, Scandinavian, Asian American and African American people, as well as a thriving LGBT community that ranks sixth in the United States by population.[16]

Logging was Seattle's first major industry, but by the late 19th century, the city had become a commercial and shipbuilding center as a gateway to Alaska during the Klondike Gold Rush. Growth after World War II was partially due to the local Boeing company, which established Seattle as a center for aircraft manufacturing. The Seattle area developed into a technology center from the 1980s onwards with companies like Microsoft becoming established in the region; Microsoft founder Bill Gates is a Seattleite by birth. Internet retailer Amazon was founded in Seattle in 1994, and major airline Alaska Airlines is based in SeaTac, Washington, serving Seattle's international airport, Seattle–Tacoma International Airport. The stream of new software, biotechnology, and Internet companies led to an economic revival, which increased the city's population by almost 50,000 between 1990 and 2000. Seattle also has a significant musical history. Between 1918 to 1951, nearly two dozen jazz nightclubs existed along Jackson Street, from the current Chinatown/International District to the Central District. The jazz scene nurtured the early careers of Ray Charles, Quincy Jones, Ernestine Anderson, and others. Seattle is also the birthplace of rock musician Jimi Hendrix, as well as the origin of the bands Nirvana, Pearl Jam, Soundgarden, Alice in Chains, Foo Fighters, and the alternative rock movement grunge.[17]

  1. ^ "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 7, 2020.
  2. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 19, 2012.
  3. ^ Cite error: The named reference USCensusEst2019 was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  4. ^ Balk, Gene (October 2, 2012). "When can you call yourself a Seattleite?". The Seattle Times. Retrieved October 19, 2018.
  5. ^ Wilson-Codega, Lily. "About Seattle Sister Cities – Sister Cities | seattle.gov". City of Seattle. Retrieved October 19, 2018.
  6. ^ "Zip Code Lookup". USPS. Archived from the original on November 12, 2015.
  7. ^ "Zip Code Lookup". USPS. Archived from the original on November 12, 2015.
  8. ^ "Seattle". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey.
  9. ^ Balk, Gene (March 26, 2018). "Seattle just one of 5 big metros last year that had more people move here than leave, census data show". The Seattle Times. Retrieved May 7, 2018.
  10. ^ Balk, Gene (May 22, 2014). "Census: Seattle is the fastest-growing big city in the U.S." The Seattle Times. FYI Guy. Archived from the original on February 22, 2018. Retrieved May 27, 2014.
  11. ^ Balk, Gene (May 21, 2015). "Seattle no longer America's fastest-growing big city". The Seattle Times. FYI Guy. Retrieved November 20, 2015.
  12. ^ Balk, Gene (May 25, 2017). "Seattle once again nation's fastest-growing big city; population exceeds 700,000". The Seattle Times. Retrieved May 30, 2017.
  13. ^ "Seaport Statistics". Port of Seattle. Retrieved January 28, 2016.
  14. ^ Doree Armstrong (October 4, 2007). "Feel the beat of history in the park and concert hall at two family-friendly events". Seattle Post-Intelligencer. Retrieved November 1, 2007.
  15. ^ Andrew Craig Magnuson (July 20, 2014). "In Search of the Schooner Exact". Andrew Craig Magnuson. Retrieved September 27, 2014.
  16. ^ Gene Balk (March 20, 2015). "Survey ranks Seattle area 5th for LGBT population – so many people is that?". The Seattle Times.
  17. ^ Heylin, Clinton (2007). Babylon's Burning: From Punk to Grunge. Conongate. p. 606. ISBN 978-1-84195-879-8.