Queens

Queens

Queens County, New York
Long Island City New York May 2015 panorama 3.jpg
Addisleigh Park 01.JPG
Queensboro Bridge New York October 2016 003.jpg
Unisphere-2 (27835155267).jpg
Flag of Queens
Flag
Official seal of Queens
Seal
Interactive map outlining Queens
Coordinates: 40°45′N 73°52′W / 40.750°N 73.867°W / 40.750; -73.867Coordinates: 40°45′N 73°52′W / 40.750°N 73.867°W / 40.750; -73.867
Country United States
State New York
CountyQueens (coterminous)
CityNew York City
Settled1683
Named forCatherine of Braganza
Government
 • TypeBorough (New York City)
 • Borough PresidentDonovan Richards (D)
(Borough of Queens)
 • District AttorneyMelinda Katz (D)
(Queens County)
Area
 • Total178 sq mi (460 km2)
 • Land109 sq mi (280 km2)
 • Water70 sq mi (200 km2)  39%
Highest elevation260 ft (80 m)
Population
 • Total2,230,722
 • Estimate 
(2019)[3]
2,253,858
 • Density20,907.4/sq mi (8,072.4/km2)
 • Demonym
Queensite[2]
ZIP Code prefixes
110--, 111--, 113--, 114--, 116--
Area codes718/347/929 and 917
GDP (2018)US$93.3 billion[4]
WebsiteOfficial Website of the Queens Borough President

Queens is a borough of New York City, coextensive with Queens County, in the U.S. state of New York. It is the largest borough of New York City in area and is adjacent to the borough of Brooklyn at the western end of Long Island,[5] with Nassau County to the east. Queens also shares water borders with the boroughs of Manhattan, the Bronx, and Staten Island (via the Rockaways).

Queens is the second-largest in population of the five New York City boroughs with a population of 2,230,722 as of the last official U.S census count in 2010.[3] If each borough were ranked as a city, Queens would rank as the fifth-most-populous in the U.S., after Los Angeles, Chicago, Brooklyn, and Houston.[5] Approximately 47 percent of the residents of Queens are foreign-born.[3] Queens County also is the second-most-populous county in New York State, behind Kings County. Queens is the most linguistically diverse place on Earth and is one of the most ethnically diverse counties in the United States.[6][7][8]

Queens was established in 1683 as one of the original 12 counties of the Province of New York. The settlement was presumably named for the English Queen Catherine of Braganza (1638–1705).[9] From 1683 to 1899, the County of Queens included what is now Nassau County. Queens became a borough during the consolidation of New York City in 1898, combining the separate towns of Long Island City, Newtown, Flushing, Jamaica, and western Hempstead.[10] With the exception of Hempstead, all are today considered neighborhoods of Queens.

Queens has the most diversified economy of the five boroughs of New York City.[11] It is home to John F. Kennedy International Airport and LaGuardia Airport. Landmarks in Queens which support its economy include Flushing Meadows–Corona Park; Citi Field, home to the New York Mets baseball team; the USTA Billie Jean King National Tennis Center, site of the U.S. Open tennis tournament; Kaufman Astoria Studios; Silvercup Studios; and the Aqueduct Racetrack. Flushing is undergoing rapid gentrification with investment by Chinese transnational entities,[12] while Long Island City is undergoing gentrification secondary to its proximity across the East River from Manhattan.

The borough has diverse housing, ranging from high-rise apartment buildings in some areas of western and central Queens, such as Ozone Park, Jackson Heights, Flushing, Astoria, and Long Island City, to neighborhoods with many low-rise structures in the eastern part of the borough.[13][14] The Queens Night Market in Flushing Meadows-Corona Park attracts thousands nightly to sample food from dozens of countries.[15]

  1. ^ North Shore Towers
  2. ^ "Are locals from Queens, NY called 'queens'? - Quora". www.quora.com.
  3. ^ a b c d QuickFacts for Queens County (Queens Borough), New York; New York City, New York; United States, United States Census Bureau. Accessed December 17, 2019.
  4. ^ Local Area Gross Domestic Product, 2018, Bureau of Economic Analysis, released December 12, 2019. Accessed December 17, 2019.
  5. ^ a b "Queens". New York State. Retrieved April 27, 2020. Queens is the easternmost and largest in area of the five boroughs of New York City, geographically adjacent to the borough of Brooklyn
  6. ^ Cite error: The named reference QueensMostLinguisticallyDiverse was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  7. ^ Cite error: The named reference Atlantic-Diverse-2014 was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  8. ^ Cite error: The named reference Axios 2017 was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  9. ^
  10. ^ "The Greater New York Charter as enacted in 1897". via Columbia University Libraries. p. 2.
  11. ^ "Queens: Economic Development and the State of the Borough Economy. Report 3-2007" (PDF). Office of the State Comptroller. June 2006. Retrieved March 28, 2012.
  12. ^ Ngu, Sarah (January 29, 2021). "'Not what it used to be': in New York, Flushing's Asian residents brace against gentrification". The Guardian US. Retrieved August 13, 2020. The three developers have stressed in public hearings that they are not outsiders to Flushing, which is 69% Asian. 'They’ve been here, they live here, they work here, they’ve invested here,' said Ross Moskowitz, an attorney for the developers at a different public hearing in February...Tangram Tower, a luxury mixed-use development built by F&T. Last year, prices for two-bedroom apartments started at $1.15m...The influx of transnational capital and rise of luxury developments in Flushing has displaced longtime immigrant residents and small business owners, as well as disrupted its cultural and culinary landscape. These changes follow the familiar script of gentrification, but with a change of actors: it is Chinese American developers and wealthy Chinese immigrants who are gentrifying this working-class neighborhood, which is majority Chinese.
  13. ^ Shaman, Diana (February 8, 2004). "If You're Thinking of Living In/Douglaston, Queens; Timeless City Area, With a Country Feel". The New York Times.
  14. ^ Hughes, C. J. (November 17, 2011). "Posting – Queens — More Rentals Planned in Long Island City". The New York Times.
  15. ^ Gleason, Will (March 11, 2019). "Citing its diversity and culture, NYC was voted best city in the world in new global survey". TimeOut. Retrieved June 23, 2019. Just look at the Queens Night Market, which began in the summer of 2015 as a collection of 40 vendors serving authentic international cuisine in Flushing Meadows Corona Park. Since then, it’s steadily attracted more and more attendees and, last year averaged 10,000 people a night. Those thousands of New Yorkers weren’t just hungry for new food, but for new points-of-view. "When I first started, it was all about how can we attract people with an event that’s as affordable and diverse as possible," says Night Market founder John Wang. "We’ve now been able to represent over 85 countries, and I’m constantly hearing examples of people branching out and trying things they’ve never heard of before.