New York City

New York
Lower Manhattan skyline
Central park scenery
The Unisphere, a large metal globe sculpture
Brooklyn Bridge
Bustling Times Square
Statue of Liberty
United Nations headquarters building, with flags in foreground
Crowded Coney Island beach with ferris wheel and roller coaster in background
Interactive map outlining New York City
New York is located in New York
New York
New York
Location within the state of New York
New York is located in the United States
New York
New York
Location within the United States
New York is located in North America
New York
New York
Location within North America
Coordinates: 40°42′46″N 74°00′22″W / 40.712740°N 74.005974°W / 40.712740; -74.005974Coordinates: 40°42′46″N 74°00′22″W / 40.712740°N 74.005974°W / 40.712740; -74.005974[1]
CountryUnited States
StateNew York
Constituent counties (boroughs)Bronx (The Bronx)
Kings (Brooklyn)
New York (Manhattan)
Queens (Queens)
Richmond (Staten Island)
Historic coloniesNew Netherland
Province of New York
Named forJames, Duke of York
 • TypeMayor–Council
 • BodyNew York City Council
 • MayorBill de Blasio (D)
 • Total468.19 sq mi (1,212.60 km2)
 • Land300.37 sq mi (777.95 km2)
 • Water167.82 sq mi (434.65 km2)
 • Metro
13,318 sq mi (34,490 km2)
Elevation33 ft (10 m)
 • Total8,175,133
 • Estimate 
 • Rank1st in the U.S.
 • Density27,755.25/sq mi (10,716.36/km2)
 • MSA (2018)
19,979,477[4] (1st)
 • CSA (2018)
22,679,948[5] (1st)
Demonym(s)New Yorker
Time zoneUTC−05:00 (EST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−04:00 (EDT)
ZIP Codes
100xx–104xx, 11004–05, 111xx–114xx, 116xx
Area code(s)212/646/332, 718/347/929, 917
FIPS code36-51000
GNIS feature ID975772
Major airportsJFK Airport
Newark Liberty Airport
LaGuardia Airport
Islip Airport
White Plains Airport
Stewart Airport
Commuter railLIRR, Metro-North, NJ Transit
Rapid transitMTA New York City Subway logo.svg NYCS-bull-trans-SIR-Std.svg PATH.svg
GDP (City, 2019)$884 billion[8] (1st)
GMP (Metro, 2020)$1.67 trillion[9] (1st)
Largest borough by areaQueens (109 square miles (280 km2))
Largest borough by populationBrooklyn (2019 est. 2,559,903)[10]
Largest borough by GDP (2019)Manhattan ($635.3 billion)[8]

New York City (NYC), often simply called New York, is the most populous city in the United States. With an estimated 2019 population of 8,336,817 distributed over about 302.6 square miles (784 km2), New York City is also the most densely populated major city in the United States.[11] Located at the southern tip of the State of New York, the city is the center of the New York metropolitan area, the largest metropolitan area in the world by urban landmass.[12] With almost 20 million people in its metropolitan statistical area and approximately 23 million in its combined statistical area, it is one of the world's most populous megacities. New York City has been described as the cultural, financial, and media capital of the world, significantly influencing commerce,[13] entertainment, research, technology, education, politics, tourism, art, fashion, and sports, and is the most photographed city in the world.[14] Home to the headquarters of the United Nations,[15] New York is an important center for international diplomacy,[16][17] and has sometimes been called the capital of the world.[18][19]

Situated on one of the world's largest natural harbors, New York City is composed of five boroughs, each of which is a county of the State of New York. The five boroughs—Brooklyn, Queens, Manhattan, the Bronx, and Staten Island—were created when local governments were consolidated into a single city in 1898.[20] The city and its metropolitan area constitute the premier gateway for legal immigration to the United States. As many as 800 languages are spoken in New York,[21] making it the most linguistically diverse city in the world. New York is home to more than 3.2 million residents born outside the United States,[22] the largest foreign-born population of any city in the world as of 2016.[23][24] As of 2019, the New York metropolitan area is estimated to produce a gross metropolitan product (GMP) of $2.0 trillion. If the New York metropolitan area were a sovereign state, it would have the eighth-largest economy in the world. New York is home to the highest number of billionaires of any city in the world.[25]

New York City traces its origins to a trading post founded on the southern tip of Manhattan Island by Dutch colonists in 1624. The settlement was named New Amsterdam (Dutch: Nieuw Amsterdam) in 1626 and was chartered as a city in 1653.[26] The city came under English control in 1664 and was renamed New York after King Charles II of England granted the lands to his brother, the Duke of York.[26][27] The city was regained by the Dutch in July 1673 and was renamed New Orange for one year and three months; the city has been continuously named New York since November 1674.[28][29] New York City was the capital of the United States from 1785 until 1790,[30] and has been the largest U.S. city since 1790.[31] The Statue of Liberty greeted millions of immigrants as they came to the U.S. by ship in the late 19th and early 20th centuries,[32] and is a symbol of the U.S. and its ideals of liberty and peace.[33] In the 21st century, New York has emerged as a global node of creativity, entrepreneurship,[34] and environmental sustainability,[35][36] and as a symbol of freedom and cultural diversity.[37] In 2019, New York was voted the greatest city in the world per a survey of over 30,000 people from 48 cities worldwide, citing its cultural diversity.[38]

Many districts and landmarks in New York City are well known, including three of the world's ten most visited tourist attractions in 2013.[39] A record 62.8 million tourists visited New York City in 2017. Times Square is the brightly illuminated hub of the Broadway Theater District,[40] one of the world's busiest pedestrian intersections,[41][42] and a major center of the world's entertainment industry.[43] Many of the city's landmarks, skyscrapers,[44] and parks are known around the world. The Empire State Building has become the global standard of reference to describe the height and length of other structures.[45][46][47] Manhattan's real estate market is among the most expensive in the world.[48][49] Providing continuous 24/7 service and contributing to the nickname The City That Never Sleeps, the New York City Subway is the largest single-operator rapid transit system worldwide, with 472 rail stations. The city has over 120 colleges and universities, including Columbia University, New York University, Rockefeller University, and the City University of New York system, which is the largest urban public university system in the United States.[50] Anchored by Wall Street in the Financial District of Lower Manhattan, New York City has been called both the world's leading financial center and the most financially powerful city in the world, and is home to the world's two largest stock exchanges by total market capitalization, the New York Stock Exchange and NASDAQ.[51][52]

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  37. ^ Kristine Phillips (July 8, 2017). "New York mayor on Germany trip: The world should know that Americans don't align with Trump". The Washington Post. Retrieved July 9, 2017.
  38. ^ Will Gleason (March 11, 2019). "Citing its diversity and culture, NYC was voted best city in the world in new global survey". Time Out. Retrieved May 19, 2019. After compiling the thoughts of over 30,000 people, both from our NYC readership and half-a-world away, New York was voted the greatest city on the planet for 2019. In a hint as to why this happened, and why now, it also lead [sic] the categories of most diverse metropolis and best culture.
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  45. ^ "Singapore transport minister says Suez block may disrupt supplies to region". Reuters. March 25, 2021. Retrieved March 25, 2021. A container ship, almost as long as the Empire State Building is high, is blocking transit in both directions through the Suez Canal, one of the world’s busiest shipping channels for oil and grain and other trade linking Asia and Europe. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
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