Lydia Maria Child

Lydia Maria Child
An 1882 engraving of Child.
An 1882 engraving of Child.
BornLydia Maria Francis
February 11, 1802
Medford, Massachusetts, U.S.
DiedOctober 20, 1880(1880-10-20) (aged 78)
Wayland, Massachusetts, U.S.
Resting placeNorth Cemetery
Wayland, Massachusetts, U.S.
Occupationabolitionist, women's rights activist, novelist, journalist
Literary movementAbolitionist, feminism
Notable worksAn Appeal in Favor of that Class of Americans Called Africans, "Over the River and Through the Wood", Hobomok, a Tale of Early Times.
(m. 1828; died 1874)
RelativesConvers Francis (brother)

SignatureL. Maria Child

Lydia Maria Child (née Francis; February 11, 1802 – October 20, 1880), was an American abolitionist, women's rights activist, Native American rights activist, novelist, journalist, and opponent of American expansionism.

Her journals, both fiction and domestic manuals, reached wide audiences from the 1820s through the 1850s. At times she shocked her audience as she tried to take on issues of both male dominance and white supremacy in some of her stories.

Despite these challenges, Child may be most remembered for her poem "Over the River and Through the Wood." Her grandparents' house, which she wrote about visiting, was restored by Tufts University in 1976 and stands near the Mystic River on South Street, in Medford, Massachusetts.