Lucy Stone

Lucy Stone
Framed monochrome photograph portrait of a woman sitting, shown from the waist up, left elbow resting on furniture, hands together in lap, the woman wearing a black silk jacket which narrows to conform to the waist, bearing curved lapels, over a plain white blouse with a collar closed at the throat. The woman has dark, straight hair parted in the middle and cut short at the top of the collar. Her head is tilted slightly to her left, face forward, and she is looking directly the observer.
Daguerreotype of Lucy Stone, circa 1840–1860
Born(1818-08-13)August 13, 1818
DiedOctober 18, 1893(1893-10-18) (aged 75)
NationalityUnited States
EducationBachelor of Arts
Alma materOberlin College
Known forAbolitionist
suffragist
women's rights activist
Spouse(s)
(m. 1855⁠–⁠1893)
ChildrenAlice Stone Blackwell

Lucy Stone (August 13, 1818 – October 18, 1893) was a prominent U.S. orator, abolitionist, and suffragist, and a vocal advocate and organizer promoting rights for women.[1] In 1847, Stone became the first woman from Massachusetts to earn a college degree. She spoke out for women's rights and against slavery. Stone was known for using her birth name after marriage, the custom being for women to take their husband's surname.

Stone's organizational activities for the cause of women's rights yielded tangible gains in the difficult political environment of the 19th century. Stone helped initiate the first National Women's Rights Convention in Worcester, Massachusetts[2] and she supported and sustained it annually, along with a number of other local, state and regional activist conventions. Stone spoke in front of a number of legislative bodies to promote laws giving more rights to women. She assisted in establishing the Woman's National Loyal League to help pass the Thirteenth Amendment and thereby abolish slavery, after which she helped form the American Woman Suffrage Association (AWSA), which built support for a woman suffrage Constitutional amendment by winning woman suffrage at the state and local levels.

Stone wrote extensively about a wide range of women's rights, publishing and distributing speeches by herself and others, and convention proceedings. In the long-running and influential[3] Woman's Journal, a weekly periodical that she founded and promoted, Stone aired both her own and differing views about women's rights. Called "the orator",[4] the "morning star"[5] and the "heart and soul"[6] of the women's rights movement, Stone influenced Susan B. Anthony to take up the cause of women's suffrage.[7] Elizabeth Cady Stanton wrote that "Lucy Stone was the first person by whom the heart of the American public was deeply stirred on the woman question."[8] Together, Anthony, Stanton, and Stone have been called the 19th-century "triumvirate" of women's suffrage and feminism.[9][10]

  1. ^ Electronic Oberlin Group. Oberlin: Yesterday, Today, Tomorrow... Lucy Stone (1818-1893). Retrieved on May 9, 2009.
  2. ^ O'Dea Schenken, Suzanne (1999). From Suffrage to the Senate. California: ABC-CLIO, Inc. pp. 645. ISBN 0-87436-960-6.
  3. ^ Dorchester Atheneum. Lucy Stone, 1818-1893 . "Perhaps Lucy Stone's greatest contribution was in founding and largely financing the weekly newspaper of the American Woman Suffrage Association, the Woman's Journal." Retrieved on May 9, 2009.
  4. ^ Spender, 1982, p. 348.
  5. ^ Hays, 1961, p. 81.
  6. ^ Million, 2003, p. 161.
  7. ^ Hays, p. 88; Million, pp. 132, 296n.9
  8. ^ Blackwell, 1930, p. 94.
  9. ^ Library of Congress. American Memory. American Women, Manuscript Division. Women's Suffrage: The Early Leaders. Retrieved on May 13, 2009.
  10. ^ Riegel, Robert Edgar. American Women., Associated University Presses, 1970, p. 220. ISBN 0-8386-7615-4