20 results found for: “round_ottoman”.

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Dissolution of the Ottoman Empire

The dissolution of the Ottoman Empire (1908–1922) was a period of history of the Ottoman Empire beginning with the Young Turk Revolution and ultimately...

Last Update: 2024-04-19T02:26:17Z Word Count : 9711 Synonim Dissolution of the Ottoman Empire

Ottoman clothing

Ottoman clothing or Ottoman fashion is the style and design of clothing worn during the Ottoman Empire. While those of the palace and court dressed lavishly...

Last Update: 2024-04-15T05:50:19Z Word Count : 3185 Synonim Ottoman clothing

Ottoman architecture

Ottoman architecture is an architectural style or tradition that developed under the Ottoman Empire over a long period, undergoing some significant changes...

Last Update: 2024-04-18T22:42:49Z Word Count : 28041 Synonim Ottoman architecture

Orhan

This article contains Ottoman Turkish text, written from right to left with some Arabic letters and additional symbols joined. Without proper rendering...

Last Update: 2024-04-21T10:26:40Z Word Count : 3506 Synonim Orhan

Wahhabi War

Wahhabi war, also known as the Ottoman-Saudi War, (1811–1818) was fought from early 1811 to 1818, between the Ottoman Empire and the Emirate of Diriyah...

Last Update: 2024-04-13T23:44:33Z Word Count : 3805 Synonim Wahhabi War

Culture of the Ottoman Empire

The culture of the Ottoman Empire evolved over several centuries as the ruling administration of the Turks absorbed, adapted and modified the various...

Last Update: 2024-04-16T10:49:22Z Word Count : 3964 Synonim Culture of the Ottoman Empire

Ottoman Cyprus

The Eyalet of Cyprus (Ottoman Turkish: ایالت قبرص, Eyālet-i Ḳıbrıṣ) was an eyalet (province) of the Ottoman Empire made up of the island of Cyprus, which...

Last Update: 2024-02-24T09:39:07Z Word Count : 2735 Synonim Ottoman Cyprus

Sipahi

professional cavalrymen deployed by the Seljuk Turks and later by the Ottoman Empire. Sipahi units included the land grant–holding (timar) provincial...

Last Update: 2024-04-17T13:49:10Z Word Count : 2556 Synonim Sipahi

Dardanelles Gun

built in 1464 by Ottoman military engineer Munir Ali and modelled after Basillica, the Orban bombard that was used for the Ottoman besiegers of Constantinople...

Last Update: 2023-12-08T10:07:05Z Word Count : 733 Synonim Dardanelles Gun

Ottoman Serbia

majority of what is now the Republic of Serbia was incorporated in the Ottoman Empire (as eyalets or as vassal states) from the mid 15th century until...

Last Update: 2024-04-10T02:45:46Z Word Count : 3728 Synonim Ottoman Serbia

Ottoman Empire in World War I

The Ottoman Empire came into World War I as one of the Central Powers. The Ottoman Empire entered the war by carrying out a small surprise attack on the...

Last Update: 2024-03-31T17:45:40Z Word Count : 7102 Synonim Ottoman Empire in World War I

Persecution of Muslims during the Ottoman contraction

During the decline and dissolution of the Ottoman Empire, Muslim inhabitants (including Turks, Kurds, Albanians, Bosniaks, Circassians, Serb Muslims,...

Last Update: 2024-04-17T21:17:11Z Word Count : 15805 Synonim Persecution of Muslims during the Ottoman contraction

Ottoman cuisine

Ottoman cuisine is the cuisine of the Ottoman Empire and its continuation in the cuisines of Turkey, the Balkans, Caucasus, Middle East and Northern Africa...

Last Update: 2024-04-10T09:36:29Z Word Count : 5731 Synonim Ottoman cuisine

Regency of Algiers

romanized: Dawlat al-Jaza'ir) was a largely independent tributary state of the Ottoman Empire during the early modern period, located on the Barbary Coast of...

Last Update: 2024-04-21T10:37:43Z Word Count : 22102 Synonim Regency of Algiers

Bulgarian–Ottoman wars

The Bulgarian–Ottoman wars were fought between the kingdoms remaining from the disintegrating Second Bulgarian Empire, and the Ottoman Empire, in the second...

Last Update: 2024-01-21T19:14:31Z Word Count : 3433 Synonim Bulgarian–Ottoman wars

Science and technology in the Ottoman Empire

During its 600-year existence, the Ottoman Empire made significant advances in science and technology, in a wide range of fields including mathematics...

Last Update: 2024-04-03T08:29:43Z Word Count : 4461 Synonim Science and technology in the Ottoman Empire

Sanjak

A sanjak (Ottoman Turkish: سنجاق, sancak, "flag, banner") was an administrative division of the Ottoman Empire. The Ottomans also sometimes called the...

Last Update: 2024-04-17T02:41:21Z Word Count : 1432 Synonim Sanjak

Balkan Wars

the Ottoman Empire and defeated it, in the process stripping the Ottomans of their European provinces, leaving only Eastern Thrace under the Ottoman Empire's...

Last Update: 2024-03-01T13:19:33Z Word Count : 8138 Synonim Balkan Wars

Treaty of Balta Liman

of Balta Liman, or the Anglo-Ottoman Treaty, is a formal trade agreement signed between the Sublime Porte of the Ottoman Empire and Great Britain. The...

Last Update: 2024-03-13T20:21:55Z Word Count : 4766 Synonim Treaty of Balta Liman

Committee of Union and Progress

and Progress (CUP, also translated as the Society of Union and Progress; Ottoman Turkish: اتحاد و ترقى جمعيتی, romanized: İttihad ve Terakki Cemiyeti),...

Last Update: 2024-04-21T02:31:23Z Word Count : 15474 Synonim Committee of Union and Progress

Main result

Dissolution of the Ottoman Empire

The dissolution of the Ottoman Empire (1908–1922) was a period of history of the Ottoman Empire beginning with the Young Turk Revolution and ultimately ending with the empire's dissolution and the founding of the modern state of Turkey. The Young Turk Revolution restored the constitution of 1876 and brought in multi-party politics with a two-stage electoral system for the Ottoman parliament. At the same time, a nascent movement called Ottomanism was promoted in an attempt to maintain the unity of the Empire, emphasising a collective Ottoman nationalism regardless of religion or ethnicity. Within the empire, the new constitution was initially seen positively, as an opportunity to modernize state institutions and resolve inter-communal tensions between different ethnic groups. Additionally, this period was characterised by continuing military failures by the empire. Despite military reforms, the Ottoman Army met with disastrous defeat in the Italo-Turkish War (1911–1912) and the Balkan Wars (1912–1913), resulting in the Ottomans being driven out of North Africa and nearly out of Europe. Continuous unrest leading up to World War I resulted in the 31 March Incident, the 1912 Ottoman coup d'état and the 1913 Ottoman coup d'état. The Committee of Union and Progress (CUP) government became increasingly radicalised during this period, and conducted ethnic cleansing and genocide against the empire's Armenian, Assyrian, and Greek citizens, events collectively referred to as the Late Ottoman genocides. Ottoman participation in World War I ended with defeat and the partition of the empire's remaining territories under the terms of the Treaty of Sèvres. The treaty, formulated at the conference of London, allocated nominal land to the Ottoman state and allowed it to retain the designation of "Ottoman Caliphate" (similar to the Vatican, a sacerdotal-monarchical state ruled by the Catholic Pope), leaving it severely weakened. One factor behind this arrangement was Britain's desire to thwart the Khilafat Movement. The occupation of Constantinople (Istanbul), along with the occupation of Smyrna (modern-day İzmir), mobilized the Turkish national movement, which ultimately won the Turkish War of Independence. The formal abolition of the Ottoman Sultanate was performed by the Grand National Assembly of Turkey on 1 November 1922. The Sultan was declared persona non grata from the lands the Ottoman Dynasty had ruled since 1299.


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