Women in Latvia refers to all the women who reside in, come from and were born in Latvia. The social and legal status of women in the Latvian society has been influenced by its history, geopolitical location and culture. The status of women in Latvia has undergone many changes through history, especially as its territories were a frequent focal point for conflict and conquest between at least four major powers: the State of the Teutonic Order, the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth, Sweden and Russian Empire. In the 20th century, Latvia was part of the Soviet Union, it then underwent of a period of socioeconomic turmoil in the 1990s, after which it joined the European Union in 2004. Latvia, although a small country of less than 2 million, is a multi-ethnic country, and therefore the experiences of women of Latvia may differ between various groups.