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Women in Latvia

Women in Latvia
The Freedom Monument (180592633).jpeg
General Statistics
Maternal mortality (per 100,000)18 (2019)
Women in parliament31% (2019)[1]
Women over 25 with secondary education100.0% (2019)
Women in labour force70.7% (employment rate OECD definition, 2019)[2]
Gender Inequality Index[3]
Value0.169 (2019)
Rank40th out of 162
Global Gender Gap Index[4]
Value0.785 (2020)
Rank11th

Women in Latvia refers to all the women who reside in, come from and were born in Latvia. The social and legal status of women in the Latvian society has been influenced by its history, geopolitical location and culture. The status of women in Larvia has undegone many changes through the history, especially as its territories were a frequent focal point for conflict and conquest between at least four major powers: the State of the Teutonic Order, the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth, Sweden and Russian Empire. In the 20th century, Latvia was part of the Soviet Union, it then underwent of period of socioeconomic turmoil in the 1990s, after which it joined the European Union in 2004.

Latvia, although a small country of less than 2 million, is a multi-ethnic country, [5] and therefore the experiences of women of Latvia may differ between various groups.

  1. ^ "Women in politics: 2019".
  2. ^ http://stats.oecd.org/Index.aspx?DatasetCode=LFS_SEXAGE_I_R#
  3. ^ "Human Development Report 2019". Retrieved 21 April 2020.
  4. ^ "The Global Gender Gap Report 2020" (PDF). World Economic Forum. p. 9.
  5. ^ The population is: Latvian 62.2%, Russian 25.2%, Belarusian 3.2%, Ukrainian 2.2%, Polish 2.1%, Lithuanian 1.2%, other 1.5%, unspecified 2.3% (2018 est.),[1]