Pretoria

Pretoria
Tshwane
Clockwise from top left: Pretoria CBD skyline, Voortrekker Monument, Church Square, the Palace of Justice, Loftus Versfeld Stadium, Administration Building of the University of Pretoria and Front view of the Union Buildings.
Clockwise from top left: Pretoria CBD skyline, Voortrekker Monument, Church Square, the Palace of Justice, Loftus Versfeld Stadium, Administration Building of the University of Pretoria and Front view of the Union Buildings.
Coat of arms of Pretoria
Nickname(s): 
Jacaranda City
Motto(s): 
Præstantia Prævaleat Prætoria (May Pretoria Be Pre-eminent In Excellence)
Pretoria is located in Gauteng
Pretoria
Pretoria
Pretoria is located in South Africa
Pretoria
Pretoria
Pretoria is located in Africa
Pretoria
Pretoria
Coordinates: 25°44′46″S 28°11′17″E / 25.74611°S 28.18806°E / -25.74611; 28.18806Coordinates: 25°44′46″S 28°11′17″E / 25.74611°S 28.18806°E / -25.74611; 28.18806
CountrySouth Africa
ProvinceGauteng
MunicipalityCity of Tshwane
Established18 November 1855 (1855-11-18)
Founded byMarthinus Wessel Pretorius
Named forAndries Pretorius
Government
 • TypeMetropolitan municipality
 • MayorRandall Williams (DA)
Area
 • Capital city (Executive branch)687.54 km2 (265.46 sq mi)
 • Metro
6,298 km2 (2,432 sq mi)
Elevation
1,339 m (4,393 ft)
Population
 (2018)[1]
 • Capital city (Executive branch)2,472,612
 • Density3,600/km2 (9,300/sq mi)
 • Metro2,921,488
 • Metro density460/km2 (1,200/sq mi)
Racial makeup (2011)
 • Black African42.0%
 • Coloured2.5%
 • Indian/Asian1.9%
 • White52.5%
 • Other1.2%
First languages (2011)
 • Afrikaans47.67%
 • English16.38%
 • Northern Sotho8.02%
 • Tswana5.44%
Time zoneUTC+2 (SAST)
Postal code (street)
0002
PO box
0001
Area code012
HDIIncrease 0.75 High (2012)[2]
GDPUS$ 75.6 billion[3]
GDP per capitaUS$ 23,108[3]
Websitetshwane.gov.za

Pretoria or Tshwane is one of South Africa’s three capital cities,[4] serving as the seat of the executive branch of government, and as the host to all foreign embassies to South Africa.[4] Cape Town is the legislative capital whereas Bloemfontein is the judicial capital.[5]

Pretoria straddles the Apies River and extends eastward into the foothills of the Magaliesberg mountains. It has a reputation as an academic city and center of research, being home to the Tshwane University of Technology (TUT), the University of Pretoria (UP), the University of South Africa (UNISA), the Council for Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR), and the Human Sciences Research Council. It also hosts the National Research Foundation and the South African Bureau of Standards. Pretoria was one of the host cities of the 2010 FIFA World Cup.

Pretoria is the central part of the Tshwane Metropolitan Municipality which was formed by the amalgamation of several former local authorities, including Bronkhorstspruit, Centurion, Cullinan, Hammanskraal and Soshanguve. Some have proposed changing the official name from Pretoria to Tshwane, which has caused some public controversy.

Pretoria is named after the Voortrekker leader Andries Pretorius,[6] and South Africans sometimes call it the "Jacaranda City", because of the thousands of jacaranda trees planted along its streets and in its parks and gardens.[7]

  1. ^ a b c d e "Main Place Pretoria". Census 2011. Archived from the original on 31 July 2014. Retrieved 25 March 2019.
  2. ^ "Gauteng's Human Development Index" (PDF). Gauteng City-Region Observatory. 2013. p. 1. Archived from the original (PDF) on 11 January 2015. Retrieved 1 January 2015.
  3. ^ a b "Global city GDP 2011". Brookings Institution. Archived from the original on 5 June 2013. Retrieved 18 November 2014.
  4. ^ a b "Pretoria | national administrative capital, South Africa". Encyclopedia Britannica. Archived from the original on 18 July 2018. Retrieved 18 July 2018.
  5. ^ "South Africa at a glance". South African Government. Archived from the original on 26 May 2020. Retrieved 18 June 2020. Bloemfontein (judicial) The Constitutional Court is located in Johannesburg.
  6. ^ Raper, Peter E. (1987). Dictionary of Southern African Place Names. Internet Archive. p. 373. Retrieved 28 August 2013.
  7. ^ "South Africa's provinces: Gauteng". Archived from the original on 22 June 2011. Retrieved 14 June 2011.