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|Ciudad de Hermosillo|
City of Hermosillo
Panoramic view of Hermosillo, Judicial Power of the State of Sonora, View of the city, Sculpture, Fountain three boulevard, Hermosillo Tower, Catedral de la Asuncion in Hermosillo, Government Palace of Sonora
"La ciudad del sol"
|Founded||May 18, 1700|
|Municipal Status||February 9, 1825|
|Founded by||Juan Bautista de Escalante|
|Named for||José María González Hermosillo|
|• Mayor||Célida López Cárdenas|
|• City||168.20 km2 (64.94 sq mi)|
|200 m (700 ft)|
|Time zone||UTC−7 (MST)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-7 (No DST observed)|
|Postal code (of seat)|
|Website||(in Spanish) /Official site|
Hermosillo (American Spanish: [eɾmoˈsiʝo] (listen)), formerly called Pitic (as in Santísima Trinidad del Pitic and Presidio del Pitic), is a city located in the center of the northwestern Mexican state of Sonora. It is the capital, and largest city, as well as the main economic center for the state and the region. As of 2015, the city has a population of 812,229, making it the 16th largest city in Mexico. The recent increase in the city's population is due to expanded industrialization, especially in the automotive industry.
Hermosillo was ranked as one of the five best cities to live in in Mexico, as published in the study "The Most Livable Cities of Mexico 2013" by the Strategic Communications Cabinet of the Federal Government. Hermosillo also ranked as the seventh most competitive city in the country according to the Mexican Institute for Competitiveness (IMCO) based on factors such as its economic diversification, geographical location, access to education, government, innovation and international relations, according to the urban combativity analysis released by that institution in 2016. Since the 1980s, the major manufacturing sector is automobiles.
Hermosillo has a subtropical hot desert climate (BWh). Temperatures can reach 52 °C (125.6 °F) in the summer months, making it one of the hottest cities in the country.