COVID-19 pandemic on cruise ships

The COVID-19 pandemic spread to a number of cruise ships, with the nature of such ships – including crowded semi-enclosed areas, increased exposure to new environments, and limited medical resources – contributing to the heightened risk and rapid spread of the disease.[1]

The British-registered Diamond Princess was the first cruise ship to have a major outbreak on board, with the ship quarantined at Yokohama from 4 February 2020 for approximately one month. Over 700 people became infected, and 14 people died. At the time, the ship accounted for over half the reported cases of SARS-CoV-2 outside of mainland China.[2]

Governments and ports responded by preventing many cruise ships from docking and advising people to avoid travelling on cruise ships. Similarly, many cruise lines suspended their operations to mitigate the spread of the pandemic.

As of 2 May 2020, over 40 cruise ships have had confirmed positive cases of coronavirus on board. The last cruise ship with passengers aboard during the first wave of the pandemic, Artania, docked at its home port with its last eight passengers on 8 June 2020.[a][3][4][5][6][7][8][9][10][excessive citations] In addition, over 40,000 crew members remained on cruise ships, some in isolation, as of mid-June 2020.[11] Many are unable to be repatriated because cruise lines refuse to cover the cost of doing so,[12][13] and because countries have different and changing rules. The condition is stressful to many employees.[14] Multiple suicides have been reported.[15]

  1. ^ Tardivel, Kara; White, Stefanie B.; Duong, Krista Kornylo (24 June 2019). "Cruise Ship Travel – Chapter 8 – 2020 Yellow Book | Travelers' Health | CDC". Retrieved 12 April 2020.
  2. ^ "Cruise ship accounts for more than half of virus cases outside China – as it happened". The Guardian. 20 February 2020. Archived from the original on 4 March 2020. Retrieved 5 April 2020.
  3. ^ Cite error: The named reference final.cnn was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  4. ^ McCormick, Erin; Greenfield, Patrick; Goñi, Uki. "Revealed: 6,000 passengers on cruise ships despite coronavirus crisis | World news". The Guardian. Retrieved 12 April 2020.
  5. ^ Impelli, Matthew. "Eight Cruise Ships Still Carrying Passengers At Sea As Coronavirus Cases Grow Around The World". Newsweek. Retrieved 12 April 2020.
  6. ^ Cite error: The named reference was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  7. ^ Cite error: The named reference deliziosa.gazzettino was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  8. ^ Cite error: The named reference artania.phoenix was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  9. ^ "Artania: Die letzten acht Kreuzfahrtschiff-Passagiere sind zurück in der Heimat". Kreuzfahrt-Ratgeber. 8 June 2020. Retrieved 3 July 2020.
  10. ^ "Morten Hansen bringt die letzten 8 Kreuzfahrtgäste nach Hause – MS Artania in Bremerhaven". 8 June 2020. Retrieved 3 July 2020.
  11. ^ "At least 42,000 cruise ship workers are still trapped at sea: report". Fox News. 15 June 2020. Retrieved 15 June 2020.
  12. ^ McCormick, Erin; Greenfield, Patrick (30 April 2020). "Revealed: 100,000 crew never made it off cruise ships amid coronavirus crisis". Archived from the original on 7 May 2020 – via
  13. ^ "100,000 Crew Members Stranded on Cruise Ships as Cruise Lines Refuse to Agree to Pay for Repatriation Expenses". Cruise Law News. 30 April 2020. Archived from the original on 3 May 2020.
  14. ^ "Nightmare at Sea Ends In Death for Some Cruise Ship Workers". Bloomberg. 12 May 2020. Archived from the original on 12 May 2020.
  15. ^ Yingst, Alexandra (20 May 2020). "'I Really Need to Go Home': The Cruise Ship Employees Still Stuck at Sea". Vice. Retrieved 21 May 2020.

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