Bluffton, South Carolina

Bluffton, South Carolina
Clockwise from top: the May River, the Heyward House, a gravel path, CareCore Dr, a Post Office, Myrtle Island, and The Store
Clockwise from top: the May River, the Heyward House, a gravel path, CareCore Dr, a Post Office, Myrtle Island, and The Store
Official seal of Bluffton, South Carolina
A State of Mind
Location in Beaufort County and South Carolina
Location of South Carolina in the United States
Location of South Carolina in the United States
Coordinates: 32°12′45″N 80°53′50″W / 32.21250°N 80.89722°W / 32.21250; -80.89722Coordinates: 32°12′45″N 80°53′50″W / 32.21250°N 80.89722°W / 32.21250; -80.89722
CountryUnited States
StateSouth Carolina
 • TypeTown council
 • MayorLisa Sulka
 • Town council
  • Larry Toomer
  • Fred Hamilton
  • Dan Wood
  • Bridgette Frazier
 • Total54.19 sq mi (140.36 km2)
 • Land51.97 sq mi (134.60 km2)
 • Water2.23 sq mi (5.77 km2)
20 ft (6 m)
 • Total12,530
 • Estimate 
 • Density491.78/sq mi (189.88/km2)
Time zoneUTC-5 (EST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP codes
Area code843, 854
FIPS code45-07210
GNIS feature ID1220833
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Bluffton is a Lowcountry town in Beaufort County, South Carolina, United States. It is primarily located around U.S. Route 278, between Hilton Head Island and Interstate 95. The town's original one square mile area, now known as Old Town, is situated on a bluff along the May River. The population was counted by the 2010 census at 12,893,[3] and was estimated to have swelled to 25,557 in 2019.[4] Additionally, it is the fastest growing municipality in South Carolina with a population over 2,500, growing 882.7% between the 2000 and 2010 census.[5] Bluffton is the fifth largest municipality in South Carolina by land area.[6] The town is a primary city within the Hilton Head Island-Bluffton-Beaufort, SC Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Following the Tariff of 1842, Bluffton became a hotbed of separatist sentiment, which in turn led to a protest against federal taxes called the Bluffton Movement in 1844. And even though this movement quickly died out, it did somewhat contribute to the secession movement that led to South Carolina being the first state to leave the Union. In the antebellum period Bluffton became a popular location for wealthy merchants and plantation owners. During the Civil War two-thirds of the town was destroyed by fire during the Union's Bluffton Expedition on June 4, 1863.[7]

  1. ^ "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 29, 2020.
  2. ^ Cite error: The named reference USCensusEst2019CenPopScriptOnlyDirtyFixDoNotUse was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  3. ^ "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Bluffton town, South Carolina". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Archived from the original on February 12, 2020. Retrieved April 4, 2014., revised Dec. 27, 2012
  4. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved May 21, 2020.
  5. ^ "Census 2010: South Carolina"USA Today, March 23, 2011. Accessed June 6, 2012.
  6. ^ "Southeastdiscovery"Southeast Discovery, Accessed June 12, 2012.
  7. ^ Jeff Fulgham, The Bluffton Expedition: The Burning of Bluffton, South Carolina, During the Civil War (Bluffton, S.C.: Jeff Fulgham, 2012), 155.