Bluffton, South Carolina
Clockwise from top: the May River, the Heyward House, a gravel path, CareCore Dr, a Post Office, Myrtle Island, and The Store
A State of Mind
Location of South Carolina in the United States
|• Type||Town council|
|• Mayor||Lisa Sulka|
|• Town council|
|• Total||54.19 sq mi (140.36 km2)|
|• Land||51.97 sq mi (134.60 km2)|
|• Water||2.23 sq mi (5.77 km2)|
|Elevation||20 ft (6 m)|
| • Estimate |
|• Density||491.78/sq mi (189.88/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC-5 (EST)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-4 (EDT)|
|Area code||843, 854|
|GNIS feature ID||1220833|
Bluffton is a Lowcountry town in Beaufort County, South Carolina, United States. It is primarily located around U.S. Route 278, between Hilton Head Island and Interstate 95. The town's original one square mile area, now known as Old Town, is situated on a bluff along the May River. The population was counted by the 2010 census at 12,893, and was estimated to have swelled to 25,557 in 2019. Additionally, it is the fastest growing municipality in South Carolina with a population over 2,500, growing 882.7% between the 2000 and 2010 census. Bluffton is the fifth largest municipality in South Carolina by land area. The town is a primary city within the Hilton Head Island-Bluffton-Beaufort, SC Metropolitan Statistical Area.
Following the Tariff of 1842, Bluffton became a hotbed of separatist sentiment, which in turn led to a protest against federal taxes called the Bluffton Movement in 1844. And even though this movement quickly died out, it did somewhat contribute to the secession movement that led to South Carolina being the first state to leave the Union. In the antebellum period Bluffton became a popular location for wealthy merchants and plantation owners. During the Civil War two-thirds of the town was destroyed by fire during the Union's Bluffton Expedition on June 4, 1863.
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