Bivouac shelter

Rock climber Chuck Pratt bivouacking during the first ascent of the Salathé Wall on El Capitan in Yosemite Valley in September 1961.

A bivouac shelter is any of a variety of improvised camp site, or shelter that is usually of a temporary nature, used especially by soldiers, or persons engaged in backpacking, bikepacking, scouting, or mountain climbing.[1] It may often refer to sleeping in the open with a bivouac sack, but it may also refer to a shelter constructed of natural materials like a structure of branches to form a frame, which is then covered with leaves, ferns, and similar material for waterproofing and duff (leaf litter) for insulation. Modern bivouacs often involve the use of one or two man tents but may also be without tents or full cover.[2] In modern mountaineering the nature of the bivouac shelter will depend on the level of preparedness; in particular whether existing camping and outdoor gear may be incorporated into the shelter.[3] A bivouac shelter is colloquially known as a bivvy (also spelled bivy or bivvi or bivi).

  1. ^ "Bivouac". Oxford English Dictionary. Retrieved 13 December 2016.
  2. ^ Cite error: The named reference Bradford was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  3. ^ Houston, Mark (2004). Alpine Climbing: Techniques to Take You Higher. The Mountaineers Books.