Aspen parkland

Aspen parkland
Aspen forest and grassland in Alberta, Canada.jpg
Aspen parkland near Calgary, Alberta
Aspen-Parkland.svg
Aspen parkland within Canada
Ecology
RealmNearctic
BiomeTemperate grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Borders
Bird species206[1]
Mammal species72[1]
Geography
Area397,304 km2 (153,400 sq mi)
CountriesCanada and United States
States/ProvincesBritish Columbia, Alberta, Saskatchewan, Manitoba, North Dakota and Minnesota
Conservation
Conservation statusCritical/Endangered[2]
Habitat loss63.76%[1]
Protected2.95%[1]

Aspen parkland refers to a very large area of transitional biome between prairie and boreal forest in two sections, namely the Peace River Country of northwestern Alberta crossing the border into British Columbia, and a much larger area stretching from central Alberta, all across central Saskatchewan to south central Manitoba and continuing into small parts of the US states of Minnesota and North Dakota. [3] Aspen parkland consists of groves of aspen poplars and spruce interspersed with areas of prairie grasslands, also intersected by large stream and river valleys lined with aspen-spruce forests and dense shrubbery. This is the largest boreal-grassland transition zone in the world and is a zone of constant competition and tension as prairie and woodlands struggle to overtake each other within the parkland.[4]

This article focuses on this biome in North America. Similar biomes also exist in Russia north of the steppes (forest steppe) and in northern Canada.

  1. ^ a b c d Hoekstra, J. M.; Molnar, J. L.; Jennings, M.; Revenga, C.; Spalding, M. D.; Boucher, T. M.; Robertson, J. C.; Heibel, T. J.; Ellison, K. (2010). Molnar, J. L. (ed.). The Atlas of Global Conservation: Changes, Challenges, and Opportunits to Make a Difference. University of California Press. ISBN 978-0-520-26256-0.
  2. ^ Cite error: The named reference WWFinfo was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  3. ^ http://dnr.state.mn.us/ecs/223/index.html
  4. ^ Sarah Carter (1999). Aboriginal People and Colonizers of Western Canada to 1900. University of Toronto Press. p. 19. ISBN 0-8020-7995-4. Retrieved 2016-05-14.