Los Angeles

Los Angeles
City of Los Angeles
Los Angeles with Mount Baldy.jpg
Wiki training 0226.jpg
Griffith Observatory - Dusk.jpg
Vincent Thomas Bridge 2.jpg
Los Angeles City Hall 2013.jpg
TheThemeBuildingLosAngeles (cropped2).jpg
Venice Beach, Los Angeles, CA 01 (cropped).jpg
Nickname(s): 
L.A., City of Angels,[1] The Entertainment Capital of the World,[1] La-la-land, Tinseltown[1]
Location within Los Angeles County
Location within Los Angeles County
Los Angeles is located in California
Los Angeles
Los Angeles
Location within California
Los Angeles is located in the United States
Los Angeles
Los Angeles
Location within the United States
Los Angeles is located in North America
Los Angeles
Los Angeles
Location within North America
Coordinates: 34°03′N 118°15′W / 34.050°N 118.250°W / 34.050; -118.250Coordinates: 34°03′N 118°15′W / 34.050°N 118.250°W / 34.050; -118.250
Country United States
StateCalifornia
CountyLos Angeles
RegionSouthern California
CSALos Angeles-Long Beach
MSALos Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim
PuebloSeptember 4, 1781[2]
City statusMay 23, 1835[3]
IncorporatedApril 4, 1850[4]
Named forOur Lady, Queen of the Angels
Government
 • TypeMayor-Council-Commission[5]
 • BodyLos Angeles City Council
 • MayorEric Garcetti (D)[6]
 • City AttorneyMike Feuer (D)[6]
 • City ControllerRon Galperin (D)[6]
Area
 • Total502.73 sq mi (1,302.06 km2)
 • Land468.97 sq mi (1,214.63 km2)
 • Water33.76 sq mi (87.43 km2)
 • Urban
1,736.02 sq mi (4,496.3 km2)
 • Metro
4,850 sq mi (12,562 km2)
Elevation305 ft (93 m)
Highest elevation5,074 ft (1,547 m)
Lowest elevation0 ft (0 m)
Population
 • Total3,792,621
 • Estimate 
(2019)[11]
3,979,576
 • Rank1st, California
2nd, U.S.
 • Density8,485.74/sq mi (3,276.37/km2)
 • Urban12,150,996
 • Metro13,131,431 (U.S.: 2nd)
 • CSA18,679,763 (U.S.: 2nd)
Demonym(s)Los Angeleno, Angeleno
Time zoneUTC−08:00 (Pacific)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−07:00 (PDT)
ZIP Codes
List
  • 90001–90084, 90086–90089, 90091, 90093–90097, 90099, 90101–90103, 90174, 90185, 90189, 90291–90293, 91040–91043, 91303–91308, 91311, 91316, 91324–91328, 91330, 91331, 91335, 91340, 91342–91349, 91352–91353, 91356–91357, 91364–91367, 91401–91499, 91504–91505, 91601–91609[15]
Area codes213/323, 310/424, 747/818
FIPS code06-44000
GNIS feature IDs1662328, 2410877
Websitewww.lacity.org Edit this at Wikidata

Los Angeles (/lɔːs ˈænələs/ (About this soundlisten);[a] Spanish: Los Ángeles; "The Angels"),[16] officially the City of Los Angeles and often abbreviated as L.A., is the largest city in California. With an estimated population of nearly four million people,[17] it is the second most populous city in the United States (after New York City) and the third most populous city in North America (after Mexico City and New York City). Los Angeles is known for its Mediterranean climate, ethnic diversity, Hollywood entertainment industry, and its sprawling metropolis.

Los Angeles lies in a basin in Southern California, adjacent to the Pacific Ocean, with mountains as high as 10,000 feet (3,000 m), and deserts. The city, which covers about 469 square miles (1,210 km2),[18] is the seat of Los Angeles County, the most populous county in the United States. The Los Angeles metropolitan area (MSA) is home to 13.1 million people, making it the second-largest metropolitan area in the nation after New York.[19] Greater Los Angeles includes metro Los Angeles as well as the Inland Empire and Ventura County.[20] It is the second most populous U.S. combined statistical area, also after New York, with a 2015 estimate of 18.7 million people.[21]

Home to the Chumash and Tongva, the area that became Los Angeles was claimed by Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo for Spain in 1542. The city was founded on September 4, 1781, under Spanish governor Felipe de Neve, on the village of Yaanga.[22] It became a part of Mexico in 1821 following the Mexican War of Independence. In 1848, at the end of the Mexican–American War, Los Angeles and the rest of California were purchased as part of the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, and thus became part of the United States. Los Angeles was incorporated as a municipality on April 4, 1850, five months before California achieved statehood. The discovery of oil in the 1890s brought rapid growth to the city.[23] The city was further expanded with the completion of the Los Angeles Aqueduct in 1913, which delivers water from Eastern California.

Los Angeles has a diverse economy and hosts businesses in a broad range of professional and cultural fields. It also has the busiest container port in the Americas.[24] The Los Angeles metropolitan area also has a gross metropolitan product of $1.0 trillion[25] (as of 2017), making it the third-largest city by GDP in the world, after the Tokyo and New York City metropolitan areas. Los Angeles hosted the 1932 and 1984 Summer Olympics and will host the 2028 Summer Olympics.

  1. ^ a b c Gollust, Shelley (April 18, 2013). "Nicknames for Los Angeles". Voice of America. Retrieved June 26, 2014.
  2. ^ Barrows, H.D. (1899). "Felepe de Neve". Historical Society of Southern California Quarterly. 4. p. 151ff. Retrieved September 28, 2011.
  3. ^ "This 1835 Decree Made the Pueblo of Los Angeles a Ciudad – And California's Capital". KCET. April 2016. Retrieved January 27, 2018.
  4. ^ "California Cities by Incorporation Date". California Association of Local Agency Formation Commissions. Archived from the original (DOC) on February 21, 2013. Retrieved August 25, 2014.
  5. ^ "About the City Government". City of Los Angeles. Archived from the original on February 8, 2015. Retrieved February 8, 2015.
  6. ^ a b c "City Directory". City of Los Angeles. Archived from the original on November 13, 2014. Retrieved September 28, 2014.
  7. ^ "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 1, 2020.
  8. ^ "Los Angeles City Hall". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved October 16, 2014.
  9. ^ a b "Elevations and Distances". US Geological Survey. April 29, 2005. Retrieved February 10, 2015.
  10. ^ "CA Dept. of Finance – New State Population Report" (PDF). Retrieved July 2, 2016.
  11. ^ Cite error: The named reference USCensusEst2019 was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  12. ^ "Urban Areas". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on May 16, 2012. Retrieved August 29, 2014. https://www.census.gov/geo/reference/ua/urban-rural-2010.html Archived April 3, 2019, at the Wayback Machine
  13. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2013 – United States – Metropolitan Statistical Area; and for Puerto Rico". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 29, 2014.
  14. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2013 – United States – Combined Statistical Area; and for Puerto Rico". Census Bureau. Census Bureau. Retrieved August 29, 2014.
  15. ^ Zip Codes Within the City of Los Angeles – LAHD
  16. ^ a b Jones, Daniel (2011). Roach, Peter; Setter, Jane; Esling, John (eds.). Cambridge English Pronouncing Dictionary (18th ed.). Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-15255-6.
  17. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places of 50,000 or More, Ranked by July 1, 2019 Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2019". United States Census Bureau, Population Division. Retrieved May 21, 2020.
  18. ^ "2010 Census U.S. Gazetteer Files – Places – California". United States Census Bureau.
  19. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2013 – United States – Metropolitan Statistical Area; and for Puerto Rico". United States Census Bureau.
  20. ^ "Revised Delineations of Metropolitan Statistical Areas, Micropolitan Statistical Areas and Combined Statistical Areas: September 14, 2018, p. 134" (PDF). Office of Management and Budget, Executive Office, White House, Washington, D.C. Retrieved February 27, 2020.
  21. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015 – Combined Statistical Area; and for Puerto Rico – 2015 Population Estimates". U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved April 6, 2016.
  22. ^ Estrada, William David (2009). The Los Angeles Plaza: Sacred and Contested Space. University of Texas Press. pp. 15–50. ISBN 978-0-292-78209-9.
  23. ^ "Subterranean L.A.: The Urban Oil Fields | The Getty Iris". blogs.getty.edu. July 16, 2013. Retrieved December 31, 2015.
  24. ^ "Top 50 World Container Ports | World Shipping Council". World Shipping Council. Retrieved October 16, 2019.
  25. ^ Cite error: The named reference bea was invoked but never defined (see the help page).


Cite error: There are <ref group=lower-alpha> tags or {{efn}} templates on this page, but the references will not show without a {{reflist|group=lower-alpha}} template or {{notelist}} template (see the help page).