Cairo

Cairo

القاهرة
Cairo-Nile-2020(1).jpg
مسجد أحمد ابن طولون1.jpg
Muizz Street - Egypt.jpg
CairoTalaatHarbToEast.jpg
Qalaa from Azhar Park.jpg
Baron Palace.jpg
قلعة صلاح الدين الأيوبي 37.jpg
Flag of Cairo
Flag
Official logo of Cairo
Emblem
Nickname(s): 
City of a Thousand Minarets
Cairo is located in Egypt
Cairo
Cairo
Location of Cairo within Egypt
Cairo is located in Africa
Cairo
Cairo
Cairo (Africa)
Cairo is located in Earth
Cairo
Cairo
Cairo (Earth)
Coordinates: 30°2′N 31°14′E / 30.033°N 31.233°E / 30.033; 31.233Coordinates: 30°2′N 31°14′E / 30.033°N 31.233°E / 30.033; 31.233
CountryEgypt
GovernorateCairo
Founded969 AD
Founded byFatimid dynasty
Government
 • GovernorKhaled Abdel Aal[2]
Area
 • Metro
3,085.12 km2 (1,191.17 sq mi)
Elevation
23 m (75 ft)
Population
 (2017-census)
 • Megacity9,539,673 [1]
 • Estimate 
(01.01.2020)
9,908,788 [4]
 • Metro
21,323,000
 • Metro density3,212/km2 (8,320/sq mi)
 • Demonym
Cairene
Time zoneUTC+02:00 (EST)
Area code(s)(+20) 2
WebsiteCairo.gov.eg
Official nameHistoric Cairo
TypeCultural
Criteriai, iii, vi
Designated1979
Reference no.[5]
State PartyEgypt

Cairo (/ˈkr/ KY-roh; Arabic: القاهرة‎, romanizedal-Qāhirah, pronounced [ælˈqɑːhɪɾɑ] (About this soundlisten), Coptic: ⲕⲁϩⲓⲣⲏ) is the capital and largest city of Egypt. The Cairo metropolitan area, with a population of 21.3 million, is the 2nd largest in Africa and in the Arab world, and the 6th-largest in the world. Cairo is associated with ancient Egypt, as the famous Giza pyramid complex and the ancient city of Memphis are located in its geographical area. Located near the Nile Delta,[6][7] Cairo was founded in 969 AD during the Fatimid dynasty, but the land composing the present-day city was the site of Ancient National Capitals whose remnants remain visible in parts of Old Cairo. Cairo has long been a centre of the region's political and cultural life, and is titled "the city of a thousand minarets" for its preponderance of Islamic architecture. Cairo is considered a World City with a "Beta +" classification according to GaWC.[8]

Today, the Egyptian capital has the oldest and largest film and music industries in the Arab world, as well as the world's second-oldest institution of higher learning, Al-Azhar University. Many international media, businesses, and organizations have regional headquarters in the city; the Arab League has had its headquarters in Cairo for most of its existence.

With a population of over 9 million[9] spread over 3 085 km², Cairo is by far the largest city in Egypt. An additional 9.5 million inhabitants live in close proximity to the city. Cairo, like many other megacities, suffers from high levels of pollution and traffic. The Cairo Metro is one of the only two metro systems in Africa (the other being in Algiers, Algeria), and ranks amongst the fifteen busiest in the world,[10] with over 1 billion[11] annual passenger rides. The economy of Cairo was ranked first in the Middle East in 2005,[12] and 43rd globally on Foreign Policy's 2010 Global Cities Index.[13]

  1. ^ "Population distribution by selected age groups, sex and governorate according to final results of 2017 Pop.Census (201993091923pop.pdf)". Capmas.gov.eg. Retrieved 25 August 2020.
  2. ^ http://www.cairo.gov.eg/en/Pages/Governor.aspx?SubmID=106
  3. ^ "Total area km2, pg.15" (PDF). Capmas.gov.eg. Archived from the original (PDF) on 21 March 2015. Retrieved 25 August 2020.
  4. ^ "Population Estimates By Sex & Governorate 1/1/2020 (20204139534pop.pdf)". Capmas.gov.eg. Retrieved 25 August 2020.
  5. ^ UNESCO World Heritage Centre. "Historic Cairo – UNESCO World Heritage Centre". Whc.unesco.org. Archived from the original on 5 June 2017. Retrieved 20 September 2017.
  6. ^ Santa Maria Tours (4 September 2009). "Cairo – "Al-Qahira" – is Egypt's capital and the largest city in the Middle East and Africa". PRLog. Archived from the original on 30 November 2011. Retrieved 10 December 2011.
  7. ^ "World's Densest Cities". Forbes. 21 December 2006. Archived from the original on 6 August 2010. Retrieved 6 March 2010.
  8. ^ "The World According to GaWC 2016". Globalization and World Cities Research Network. Loughborough University. 24 April 2017. Archived from the original on 10 October 2013. Retrieved 26 May 2017.
  9. ^ Egypt In Figures 2017, Governorate level, Population distribution by sex, Central Agency for Public Mobilisation and Statistics, archived from the original (xls) on 24 January 2009, retrieved 9 July 2009. Adjusted census result, as Helwan governorate was created on 17 April 2008 from a.o.[clarification needed] parts of the Cairo governorate.
  10. ^ "Cairo's third metro line beats challenges". Archived from the original on 3 July 2017. Retrieved 29 June 2015.
  11. ^ "Cairo Metro Statistics". Archived from the original on 23 March 2012. Retrieved 4 September 2012.
  12. ^ "The 150 Richest Cities in the World by GDP in 2005". Archived from the original on 18 September 2012. Retrieved 11 November 2010.
  13. ^ "The 2010 Global Cities Index". Archived from the original on 2 December 2014.


Cite error: There are <ref group=note> tags on this page, but the references will not show without a {{reflist|group=note}} template (see the help page).