Americans

Americans
Flag of the United States.svg
Total population
c.308.7 million[1]
(2010 United States Census)
c.329.5 million[2]
(pre-U.S. Census estimate (2020))
American people around the world.svg
Regions with significant populations
Mexico738,100–1,000,000[3][4]
Canada316,350–1,000,000[5][6]
India2,694–700,000[7]
Philippines220,000–600,000[8][9]
Germany324,000[10]
Brazil260,000[11]
Israel200,000[12][13]
France150,000–200,000[14]
United Kingdom139,000–197,143[15][16]
South Korea120,000–158,000[17]
Costa Rica120,000–130,000[18]
China110,000[19]
Colombia60,000[20]
Hong Kong60,000[21]
Australia56,276[22]
Pakistan52,486[23]
Japan59,172-153,389[24][25]
Italy50,000[26]
United Arab Emirates50,000[27]
Haiti45,000[28]
Saudi Arabia40,000[29]
Argentina37,000[30]
Norway33,509[31]
The Bahamas30,000[32]
Russia30,000[citation needed]
Lebanon25,000[33]
Panama25,000[34]
Dominican Republic24,457[35]
Spain22,082[36]
Chile19,161[37]
El Salvador19,000[38]
New Zealand17,751[39]
Honduras15,000[40]
Poland2,483–14,000[41]
Trinidad and Tobago11,500[42]
Taiwan10,645[43]
Austria10,175[44]
Denmark9,400[45]
Czech Republic8,763[46]
Bermuda8,000[47]
Languages
Primarily American English, but also Spanish and others
Religion
Primarily Christian (Protestantism, Catholicism, and other denominations)[48]
Various non-Christian religions (Judaism and others)[48]
Irreligion

Americans are the citizens and nationals of the United States of America.[49][50] Although citizens and nationals make up the majority of Americans, many dual citizens, expatriates, and permanent residents may also legally claim American nationality.[51][49][52][53] The United States is home to people of many ethnic origins. As a result, American culture and law does not equate nationality with race or ethnicity, but with bona fide citizenship and an oath of permanent allegiance.[54][55][56]

  1. ^ "U.S. Census Bureau Announces 2010 Census Population Counts – Apportionment Counts Delivered to President" (Press release). United States Census Bureau. December 21, 2010. Archived from the original on December 24, 2010. Retrieved November 23, 2012.
  2. ^ "U.S. and World Population Clock". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved March 16, 2019.
  3. ^ "People live in Mexico, INEGI, 2010".
  4. ^ Smith, Dr. Claire M. (August 2010). "These are our Numbers: Civilian Americans Overseas and Voter Turnout" (PDF). OVF Research Newsletter. Overseas Vote Foundation. Archived from the original (PDF) on October 24, 2013. Retrieved December 11, 2012. Previous research indicates that the number of U.S. Americans living in Mexico is around 1 million, with 600,000 of those living in Mexico City.
  5. ^ "Ethnic origins, 2006 counts, for Canada, provinces and territories - 20% sample data". Statistics Canada. Government of Canada. June 10, 2010. Retrieved February 17, 2013. Ethnic origins Americans Total responses 316,350
  6. ^ Barrie McKenna (June 27, 2012). "Tax amnesty offered to Americans in Canada". The Globe and Mail. Ottawa. Retrieved December 17, 2012. There are roughly a million Americans in Canada – many with little or no ties to the United States.
  7. ^ Population Division, Department of Economic and Social Affairs (December 2017). Table 1. Total migrant stock at mid-year by origin and by major area, region, country, or a area of destination, 1990-2017 (Report). United Nations. International Migration. Retrieved June 29, 2019. HV1731 2,694
    United Nations Population Division (February 28, 2018). Origins and Destinations of the World's Migrants, 1990-2017 (Report). Pew Research Center. p. Global Attitudes & Trends. Retrieved June 29, 2019. United States <10,000
    Gottipati, Sruthi (February 8, 2012). "Expats Flock to India Seeking Jobs, Excitement". The New York Times. Retrieved March 20, 2019. While 35,973 U.S. citizens (not including those eligible for special visas available for Americans of Indian origin) registered in 2008, 41,938 did so the following year, according to the latest figures available with the Ministry of Home Affairs.
    White House (June 26, 2017). "The United States and India — Prosperity Through Partnership". whitehouse.gov. Retrieved March 19, 2019 – via National Archives. Today, nearly 4 million Indian-Americans reside in the United States and over 700,000 U.S. citizens live in India. Last year, the United States Government issued nearly one million visas to Indian citizens, and facilitated 1.7 million visits by Indian citizens to the United States.
  8. ^ Evan S. Medeiros; Keith Crane; Eric Heginbotham; Norman D. Levin; Julia F. Lowell (November 7, 2008). Pacific Currents: The Responses of U.S. Allies and Security Partners in East Asia to Chinaâ€TMs Rise. Rand Corporation. p. 115. ISBN 978-0-8330-4708-3. An estimated 4 million Filipino-Americans, most of whom are U.S. citizens or dual citizens, live in the United States, and over 250,000 U.S. citizens live in the Philippines.
    "New U.S. ambassador to PH aims to 'strengthen' ties". CNN Philippines. Metro Manila. December 2, 2016. Retrieved March 20, 2017. According to his figures, there are about 4 million Filipino-Americans residing in the U.S., and 250,000 Americans living and working in the Philippines.
    Lozada, Aaron (December 2, 2016). "New U.S. envoy: Relationship with PH 'most important'". ABS-CBN News. Manila. Retrieved March 20, 2017. According to Kim, the special relations between the U.S. and the Philippines is evident in the "four million Filipino-Americans who are residing in the United States and 250,000 Americans living and working in the Philippines."
    International Business Publications, USA (August 1, 2013). Philippines Business Law Handbook: Strategic Information and Laws. Int'l Business Publications. p. 29. ISBN 978-1-4387-7078-9. An estimated 600,000 Americans visit the Philippines each year, while an estimated 300,000 reside in-country.
    Kapoor, Kanupriya; Dela Cruz, Enrico (October 17, 2016). "Americans in Philippines jittery as Duterte rails against United States". Reuters. Olongapo. Retrieved April 20, 2018. About four million people of Philippine ancestry live in the United States, one of its largest minorities, and about 220,000 Americans, many of them military veterans, live in the Philippines. An additional 650,000 visit each year, according to U.S. State Department figures.
    "FACT SHEET: United States-Philippines Bilateral Relations". U.S. Embassy in the Philippines. United States Department of State. April 28, 2014. Retrieved April 20, 2018. Around 350,000 Americans reside in the Philippines, and approximately 600,000 U.S. citizens visit the country each year.
  9. ^ Cooper, Matthew (November 15, 2013). "Why the Philippines Is America's Forgotten Colony". National Journal. Retrieved January 28, 2015. c. At the same time, person-to-person contacts are widespread: Some 600,000 Americans live in the Philippines and there are 3 million Filipino-Americans, many of whom are devoting themselves to typhoon relief.
  10. ^ "BiB - Bundesinstitut für Bevölkerungsforschung - Pressemitteilungen - Zuwanderung aus außereuropäischen Ländern fast verdoppelt". www.bib-demografie.de. Archived from the original on December 9, 2017. Retrieved March 2, 2017.
  11. ^ US Embassy in Brazil US Embassy in Brazil. Retrieved March 29, 2020.
  12. ^ Daphna Berman (January 23, 2008). "Need an appointment at the U.S. Embassy? Get on line!". Haaretz. Retrieved December 11, 2012. According to estimates, some 200,000 American citizens live in Israel and the Palestinian territories.
  13. ^ Michele Chabin (March 19, 2012). "In vitro babies denied U.S. citizenship". USA Today. Jerusalem. Retrieved December 11, 2012. Most of the 200,000 U.S. citizens in Israel have dual citizenship, and fertility treatments are common because they are free.
  14. ^ "Americans in France". Embassy of the United States, Paris. United States Department of State. Archived from the original on April 18, 2015. Retrieved April 26, 2015. Today, although no official figure is available it is estimated that over 150,000 American citizens reside in France, making France one of the top 10 destinations for American expatriates.
  15. ^ "Population by Country of Birth and Nationality Report, August 2012" (PDF). Office for National Statistics. August 30, 2012. Retrieved December 11, 2012.
  16. ^ Simon Rogers (May 26, 2011). "The UK's foreign-born population: see where people live and where they're from". The Guardian. Retrieved February 17, 2013. County of birth and county of nationality. United States of America 197 143
  17. ^ "U.S. Citizen Services". Embassy of the United States Seoul, Korea. United States Department of State. Archived from the original on November 30, 2012. Retrieved December 11, 2012. This website is updated daily and should be your primary resource when applying for a passport, Consular Report of Birth Abroad, notarization, or any of the other services we offer to the estimated 120,000 U.S. citizens traveling, living, and working in Korea.
    "North Korea propaganda video depicts invasion of South Korea, US hostage taking". Advertiser. Agence France-Presse. March 22, 2013. Retrieved March 23, 2013. According to official immigration figures, South Korea has an American population of more than 130,000 civilians and 28,000 troops.
  18. ^ "Background Note: Costa Rica". Bureau of Western Hemisphere Affairs. United States Department of State. April 9, 2012. Retrieved December 11, 2012. Over 130,000 private American citizens, including many retirees, reside in the country and more than 700,000 American citizens visit Costa Rica annually.
    Bloom, Laura Begley (July 31, 2018). "More Americans are fleeing to cheap faraway places". New York Post. Retrieved February 19, 2020. Approximately 120,000 citizens live in this stable country, many as retirees, according to the State Department.
  19. ^ Calum Macleod (November 18, 2005). "A guide to success in China, by Americans who live there". Retrieved May 24, 2020.
  20. ^ "Colombia (03/28/13)". United States Department of State. Archived from the original on April 20, 2013. Retrieved February 27, 2014. Based on Colombian statistics, an estimated 60,000 U.S. citizens reside in Colombia and 280,000 U.S. citizens travel, study and do business in Colombia each year.
  21. ^ "Hong Kong (10/11/11)". Previous Editions of Hong Kong Background Note. United States Department of State. October 11, 2011. Retrieved December 11, 2012. There are some 1,400 U.S. firms, including 817 regional operations (288 regional headquarters and 529 regional offices), and over 60,000 American residents in Hong Kong.
  22. ^ "ibid, Ancestry (full classification list) by Sex – Australia". Retrieved October 19, 2014.
  23. ^ Gishkori, Zahid (July 30, 2015). "Karachi has witnessed 43% decrease in target killing: Nisar". The Express Tribune. Retrieved August 3, 2017. 52,486 Americans... are residing in [Pakistan], the interior minister added.
  24. ^ "令和元年末現在における在留外国人数について" (Excel). Immigration Services Agency of Japan. Retrieved 2021-4-8. Check date values in: |accessdate= (help)CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  25. ^ "在日米軍の施設・区域内外居住(人数・基準)" (PDF). Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Japan. 2008-02-22. Retrieved 2021-4-8. Check date values in: |accessdate= (help)CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  26. ^ Kelly Carter (May 17, 2005). "High cost of living crush Americans' dreams of Italian living". USA Today. Positano, Italy. Retrieved December 17, 2012. Nearly 50,000 Americans lived in Italy at the end of 2003, according to Italy's immigration office.
  27. ^ "UAE´s population – by nationality". BQ Magazine. April 12, 2015. Archived from the original on July 11, 2015. Retrieved June 13, 2015.
  28. ^ McKinley Jr.; James C. (January 17, 2010). "For 45,000 Americans in Haiti, the Quake Was 'a Nightmare That's Not Ending'". The New York Times. Retrieved February 27, 2015.
  29. ^ "SAUDI-U.S. TRADE". Commerce Office. Royal Embassy of Saudi Arabia in Washington D.C. Archived from the original on September 13, 2012. Retrieved February 14, 2012. Furthermore, there are approximately 40,000 Americans living and working in the Kingdom.
  30. ^ "Argentina (03/12/12)". Previous Editions of Argentina Background Note. United States Department of State. March 12, 2012. Retrieved December 24, 2012. The Embassy's Consular Section monitors the welfare and whereabouts of some 37,000 U.S. citizen residents of Argentina and more than 500,000 U.S. tourists each year.
  31. ^ "Statistics Norway – Persons with immigrant background by immigration category and country background. January 1, 2010". Retrieved October 19, 2014.
  32. ^ "Bahamas, The (01/25/12)". Previous Editions of Panama Background Note. United States Department of State. January 25, 2012. Retrieved December 29, 2012. The countries share ethnic and cultural ties, especially in education, and The Bahamas is home to approximately 30,000 American residents.
  33. ^ Kate King (July 18, 2006). "U.S. family: Get us out of Lebanon". CNN. Archived from the original on March 6, 2012. Retrieved February 14, 2012. About 350 of the estimated 25,000 American citizens in Lebanon had been flown to Cyprus from the U.S. Embassy in Beirut by nightfall Tuesday, Maura Harty, the assistant secretary of state for consular affairs, told reporters.
  34. ^ "Panama (03/09)". Previous Editions of Panama Background Note. United States Department of State. March 2009. Retrieved December 17, 2012. About 25,000 American citizens reside in Panama, many retirees from the Panama Canal Commission and individuals who hold dual nationality.
  35. ^ "IX Censo Nacional de Poblacion y Vivenda 2010" (PDF). p. 101. Archived from the original (PDF) on September 27, 2013. Retrieved July 23, 2015.
  36. ^ "Foreign population by sex, country of nationality and age (up to 85 and above)". Instituto Natcional de Estadistica (in Spanish). January 1, 2007. Retrieved May 28, 2018. Both genders 22,082
  37. ^ S. Vedoya; V. Rivera (April 4, 2018). "Gobierno cifra en más de un millón el número de inmigrantes que están en Chile". Latercera (in Spanish). Retrieved April 20, 2018.
  38. ^ "El Salvador (01/10)". United States Department of State. Archived from the original on April 13, 2014. Retrieved April 11, 2014. More than 19,000 American citizens live and work full-time in El Salvador
  39. ^ "North Americans: Facts and figures". Te Ara: The Encyclopedia of New Zealand.
  40. ^ "Honduras (11/23/09)". Previous Editions of Honduras Background Note. United States Department of State. November 23, 2009. Retrieved December 17, 2012. U.S.-Honduran ties are further strengthened by numerous private sector contacts, with an average of between 80,000 and 110,000 U.S. citizens visiting Honduras annually and about 15,000 Americans residing there.
  41. ^ "Statistics/Poland/Valid documents/Tabular data/Year: 2019". Maps and statistics of migrants and Polish migration services. Government of Poland. 2019. Retrieved March 3, 2020. United States of America 2019 2483
    "Immigrant and Emigrant Populations by Country of Origin and Destination". Migration Policy Institute. 2017. Retrieved March 3, 2020. 14,000
  42. ^ "U.S. Relations With Trinidad and Tobago". U.S. Department of State. February 15, 2018. Retrieved March 20, 2019. About 145,000 U.S. citizens visit Trinidad and Tobago on vacation or for business every year, and more than 11,500 American citizens are residents.
  43. ^ "06-08 外僑居留人數 Foreign Residents". National Immigration Agency, MOI. Department of Statistics, Ministry of the Interior. 2011. Archived from the original on January 6, 2007. Retrieved December 17, 2012.
  44. ^ "STATISTIK AUSTRIA - Bevölkerung nach Staatsangehörigkeit und Geburtsland". Retrieved October 19, 2014.
  45. ^ "Folketalet, Amerikanere". statistikbanken.dk.
  46. ^ "Foreigners by category of residence, sex, and citizenship as at 31 December 2016". czso.cz.
  47. ^ "Bermuda (12/09/11)". Previous Editions of Bermuda Background Note. United States Department of State. December 9, 2011. Retrieved December 29, 2012. An estimated 8,000 registered U.S. citizens live in Bermuda, many of them employed in the international business community.
  48. ^ a b Luis Lug; Sandra Stencel; John Green; Gregory Smith; Dan Cox; Allison Pond; Tracy Miller; Elixabeth Podrebarac; Michelle Ralston (February 2008). "U.S. Religious Landscape Survey" (PDF). Pew Forum on Religion & Public Life. Pew Research Center. Retrieved February 12, 2012.
  49. ^ a b 8 U.S.C. § 1401; 8 U.S.C. § 1408; Ricketts v. Attorney General, 897 F.3d 491, 494 n.3 This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain. (3d Cir. 2018) ("Citizenship and nationality are not synonymous. While all citizens are nationals, not all nationals are citizens."); United States v. Morin, 80 F.3d 124, 126 This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain. (4th Cir. 1996) ("Citizenship, however, is not the sine qua non of 'nationality.'"); Tuaua v. United States, 788 F.3d 300, 302 This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain. (D.C. Cir. 2015); 22 CFR 51.1 ("U.S. non-citizen national means a person on whom U.S. nationality, but not U.S. citizenship, has been conferred at birth under 8 U.S.C. 1408, or under other law or treaty, and who has not subsequently lost such non-citizen nationality."); see also, generally 8 U.S.C. § 1252(b)(5); 8 U.S.C. § 1483; 8 U.S.C. § 1503.
  50. ^ Cite error: The named reference American Somoans was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  51. ^ See, e.g., Allen v. Barr, No. 18-3028, at p.4 This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain. (2d Cir. Jan. 3, 2020) (the court agreed with a lawful permanent resident (LPR) of the United States that he is an American and cannot be removed from the country); Khalid v. Sessions, 904 F.3d 129, 131 This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain. (2d Cir. 2018) (same); Tineo v. Attorney General, 937 F.3d 200, 218 This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain. (3d Cir. 2019) ("Tineo became a U.S. citizen when his father naturalized...."); Anderson v. Holder, 673 F.3d 1089, 1092 (9th Cir. 2012) (same); Dent v. Sessions, 900 F.3d 1075, 1080 This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain. (9th Cir. 2018) ("An individual has third-party standing when [(1)] the party asserting the right has a close relationship with the person who possesses the right [and (2)] there is a hindrance to the possessor's ability to protect his own interests.") (quoting Sessions v. Morales-Santana, 137 S.Ct. 1678, 1689 This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain. (2017)) (internal quotation marks omitted); see also Gonzalez-Alarcon v. Macias, 884 F.3d 1266 This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain. (10th Cir. 2018).
  52. ^ Petersen, William; Novak, Michael; Gleason, Philip (1982). Concepts of Ethnicity. Harvard University Press. p. 62. ISBN 9780674157262. Retrieved February 1, 2013. ...from Thomas Paine's plea in 1783...to Henry Clay's remark in 1815... "It is hard for us to believe ... how conscious these early Americans were of the job of developing American character out of the regional and generational polaritities and contradictions of a nation of immigrants and migrants." ... To be or to become an American, a person did not have to be of any particular national, linguistic, religious, or ethnic background. All he had to do was to commit himself to the political ideology centered on the abstract ideals of liberty, equality, and republicanism. Thus the universalist ideological character of American nationality meant that it was open to anyone who willed to become an American.
  53. ^ "Foreign nationals". Federal Election Commission. June 23, 2017. Retrieved February 18, 2021.
  54. ^ 8 U.S.C. § 1101(22) ("The term 'national of the United States' means (A) a citizen of the United States, or (B) a person who, though not a citizen of the United States, owes permanent allegiance to the United States.") (emphasis added).
  55. ^ "Permanent Allegiance Law and Legal Definition". definitions.uslegal.com.
  56. ^ Christine Barbour; Gerald C Wright (January 15, 2013). Keeping the Republic: Power and Citizenship in American Politics, 6th Edition The Essentials. CQ Press. pp. 31–33. ISBN 978-1-4522-4003-9. Retrieved January 6, 2015. Who Is An American? Native-born and naturalized citizens
    Shklar, Judith N. (1991). American Citizenship: The Quest for Inclusion. The Tanner Lectures on Human Values. Harvard University Press. pp. 3–4. ISBN 9780674022164. Retrieved December 17, 2012.
    Slotkin, Richard (2001). "Unit Pride: Ethnic Platoons and the Myths of American Nationality". American Literary History. Oxford University Press. 13 (3): 469–498. doi:10.1093/alh/13.3.469. S2CID 143996198. Retrieved December 17, 2012. But it also expresses a myth of American nationality that remains vital in our political and cultural life: the idealized self-image of a multiethnic, multiracial democracy, hospitable to differences but united by a common sense of national belonging.
    Eder, Klaus; Giesen, Bernhard (2001). European Citizenship: Between National Legacies and Postnational Projects. Oxford University Press. pp. 25–26. ISBN 9780199241200. Retrieved February 1, 2013. In inter-state relations, the American nation state presents its members as a monistic political body-despite ethnic and national groups in the interior.
    Petersen, William; Novak, Michael; Gleason, Philip (1982). Concepts of Ethnicity. Harvard University Press. p. 62. ISBN 9780674157262. Retrieved February 1, 2013. To be or to become an American, a person did not have to be of any particular national, linguistic, religious, or ethnic background. All he had to do was to commit himself to the political ideology centered on the abstract ideals of liberty, equality, and republicanism. Thus the universalist ideological character of American nationality meant that it was open to anyone who willed to become an American.
    Charles Hirschman; Philip Kasinitz; Josh Dewind (November 4, 1999). The Handbook of International Migration: The American Experience. Russell Sage Foundation. p. 300. ISBN 978-1-61044-289-3.
    David Halle (July 15, 1987). America's Working Man: Work, Home, and Politics Among Blue Collar Property Owners. University of Chicago Press. p. 233. ISBN 978-0-226-31366-5. The first, and central, way involves the view that Americans are all those persons born within the boundaries of the United States or admitted to citizenship by the government.