Kashmiri language

كٲشُر, कॉशुर, 𑆑𑆾𑆯𑆶𑆫
Native toIndia, Pakistan
RegionJammu and Kashmir,[1] Azad Kashmir
Native speakers
7 million (2011 census)[2]
Perso-Arabic script (contemporary, official status),[3]
Devanagari (contemporary),[3]
Sharada script (ancient/liturgical)[3]
Official status
Official language in
Language codes
ISO 639-1ks
ISO 639-2kas
ISO 639-3kas
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Kashmiri (English: /kæʃˈmɪəri/)[6] or Koshur (كٲشُر, कॉशुर, 𑆑𑆾𑆯𑆶𑆫, /kəːʃur/)[7] is a language from the Dardic subgroup of Indo-Aryan languages, spoken by around 7 million Kashmiris, primarily in the Indian administered union territory of Jammu and Kashmir.

In 2020 the Parliament of India passed a bill to make Kashmiri an official language of Jammu and Kashmir along with Dogri, Hindi, English and Urdu. Kashmiri is also among the 22 scheduled languages of India.

Kashmiri has split ergativity and the unusual verb-second word order.

  1. ^ Cite error: The named reference Ethnologue was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  2. ^ Kashmiri at Ethnologue (22nd ed., 2019)
  3. ^ a b c Sociolinguistics. Mouton de Gruyter. 1977. Retrieved 30 August 2009.
  4. ^ "Jammu, Kashmir & Ladakh: Ethno-linguistic areas". koshur.org. Retrieved 2 June 2007.
  5. ^ "The Jammu and Kashmir Official Languages Bill, 2020". prsindia. 23 September 2020. Retrieved 23 September 2020.
  6. ^ Laurie Bauer, 2007, The Linguistics Student's Handbook, Edinburgh
  7. ^ Kashmiri at Ethnologue (20th ed., 2017)