Nike Air Jordan XI sneakers

A pair of black Converse canvas sneakers
A pair of Converse sneakers
Stride Rite sneakers designed for kids

Sneakers (also called trainers, athletic shoes, tennis shoes, gym shoes, kicks, sport shoes, flats, running shoes, skate shoes, or runners) are shoes primarily designed for sports or other forms of physical exercise but that are now also widely used for everyday casual wear.

Since their popularization by companies such as Converse, Nike and Spalding in the mid 20th century, they have become attire, with variety growing in many global markets exponentially. Like other parts of the global clothing industry, manufacture of shoes is heavily concentrated in Asia with nine in ten shoes produced in that region.[1]

Contemporary sneakers are largely made from synthetic materials, and the materials and manufacturing process produce, on average, about 14 kg (31 lb) of CO2 emissions.[2][3] Some companies are trying to substitute more sustainable materials in their manufacture.[4] About 90% of shoes end up in landfills at end of life.[5]

  1. ^ Footwear, World. "Global Footwear Industry: Positive Dynamics in 2018". World Footwear. Retrieved 2020-07-30.
  2. ^ Cheah, Lynette; Ciceri, Natalia Duque; Olivetti, Elsa; Matsumura, Seiko; Forterre, Dai; Roth, Richard; Kirchain, Randolph (2013-04-01). "Manufacturing-focused emissions reductions in footwear production". Journal of Cleaner Production. 44: 18–29. doi:10.1016/j.jclepro.2012.11.037. hdl:1721.1/102070. ISSN 0959-6526.
  3. ^ "Are Eco-Runners The Next 'It' Trainer?". British Vogue. Retrieved 2021-02-19.
  4. ^ "Are Eco-Runners The Next 'It' Trainer?". British Vogue. Retrieved 2021-02-19.
  5. ^ Hoskins, Tansy E. (2020-03-21). "'Some soles last 1,000 years in landfill': the truth about the sneaker mountain". the Guardian. Retrieved 2021-02-19.