Wembley Stadium

Wembley Stadium
"The Home of Football"[1]
New Wembley
Wembley Stadium EE logo.png
Wembley Stadium interior.jpg
Wembley Stadium in 2007
LocationWembley, London, England
Coordinates51°33′21″N 0°16′47″W / 51.55583°N 0.27972°W / 51.55583; -0.27972Coordinates: 51°33′21″N 0°16′47″W / 51.55583°N 0.27972°W / 51.55583; -0.27972
Public transitJubilee Line Metropolitan Line Wembley Park
Bakerloo Line London Overground National Rail Wembley Central
National Rail Wembley Stadium
OwnerThe Football Association
OperatorWembley National Stadium Limited
Executive suites166
Capacity90,000[5] (Association football, rugby union, rugby league, boxing)
75,000 to 90,000 seated and 15,000 standing (concerts)
86,000 to 87,000 (UEFA capacity)
86,000 (American football)
Record attendanceFootball: 89,874 (Cardiff City vs Portsmouth, 17 May 2008)
Concert: 98,000 (Adele, June 2017)[6]
Field size115 yd × 74 yd (105 m × 68 m)
SurfaceDesso GrassMaster
Construction
Broke ground30 September 2002[2]
Built2003–2007
Opened9 March 2007 (2007-03-09)
Construction cost£789 million[7]
(£1.2 billion today)
ArchitectHOK Sport (now Populous), Foster and Partners, Nathaniel Lichfield and Partners (planning consultants)[3]
Project managerSymonds[4]
Structural engineerMott Stadium Consortium and Jimmy Higham– Mott MacDonald, Sinclair Knight Merz & Aurecon[4]
Services engineerJimmy Higham[4]
General contractorMultiplex[4]
Tenants
England national football team (2007–present)
Tottenham Hotspur (2017–2019; UEFA matches 2016–2019)
Website
www.wembleystadium.com

Wembley Stadium (branded as Wembley Stadium connected by EE for sponsorship reasons) is a football stadium in Wembley, London. It opened in 2007 on the site of the original Wembley Stadium, which was demolished from 2002 to 2003.[8][9] The stadium hosts major football matches including home matches of the England national football team, and the FA Cup Final. Wembley Stadium is owned by the governing body of English football, the Football Association (the FA), whose headquarters are in the stadium, through its subsidiary Wembley National Stadium Ltd (WNSL). With 90,000 seats, it is the largest stadium in the UK and the second-largest stadium in Europe.[10]

Designed by Populous and Foster and Partners, the stadium is crowned by the 134-metre-high (440 ft) Wembley Arch which serves aesthetically as a landmark across London as well as structurally, with the arch supporting over 75% of the entire roof load.[11] The stadium was built by Australian firm Multiplex at a cost of £798 million (£1.2 billion today).[12] Contrary to popular belief,[13] Wembley Stadium does not have a retractable roof which covers the playing surface. Two partially retractable roof structures over the east and west end of the stadium can be opened to allow sunlight and aid pitch growth.

In addition to England home games and the FA Cup final, the stadium also hosts other major games in English football, including the season-opening FA Community Shield, the League Cup final, the FA Cup semi-finals, the Football League Trophy, the Football League play-offs, the FA Trophy, the FA Vase and the National League play-offs. A UEFA category four stadium, Wembley hosted the 2011 and 2013 UEFA Champions League Finals, and will host seven games at UEFA Euro 2020, (including the final and both of the semi-finals),[14] as well as the original venue of the 2023 UEFA Champions League Final.[15] It was later relocated to the Allianz Arena in Munich due to adjustments of the 2020 final caused by the COVID-19 pandemic in Europe. It will stage the following season's final instead.[16] The stadium hosted the Gold medal matches at the 2012 Olympic Games football tournament. The stadium also hosts rugby league's Challenge Cup final, NFL London Games and music concerts. The stadium was also the temporary home of Premier League football club Tottenham Hotspur between August 2017 and March 2019, while White Hart Lane was being demolished and their new stadium was constructed.

In 2014, Wembley Stadium entered into a six-year sponsorship agreement with mobile provider EE Limited, under which it provides technology and infrastructure services for the venue. Under the agreement, the facility is officially referred to as "Wembley Stadium connected by EE".[17]

  1. ^ Horne, John; Manzenreiter, Wolfram (11 January 2013). Japan, Korea and the 2002 World Cup. ISBN 9781135140212.
  2. ^ "Timeline: The new Wembley". BBC News. 21 February 2006.
  3. ^ "Projects : Wembley Stadium". Populous.com. Archived from the original on 25 June 2009. Retrieved 17 September 2009. Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  4. ^ a b c d "Wembley Stadium, London". Design Build Network. 19 June 2006. Retrieved 11 August 2010.
  5. ^ Lyles, Christopher (16 May 2007). "Wembley: Facts and figures". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 9 January 2020.
  6. ^ Cite error: The named reference Adele was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  7. ^ "Wembley to break even by 2015, says FA chairman". BBC News. 5 October 2011.
  8. ^ "Final whistle for Wembley's towers". BBC News. 1 September 2016.
  9. ^ "Gates' Microsoft Becomes Wembley Stadium Backer". Forbes. 20 October 2005.
  10. ^ "Wembley Stadium Facts and Figures". wembleystadium.com. Retrieved 12 October 2020.
  11. ^ "Wembley Stadium – Key Facts". Wembley Stadium.
  12. ^ "Timeline: A new National Stadium for the national game".
  13. ^ "Wembley Stadium". Twitter – Wembley Stadium. 28 February 2018.[non-primary source needed]
  14. ^ "Wembley to stage UEFA EURO 2020 final" and women's version final 2021. UEFA. Retrieved 29 November 2014
  15. ^ "Champions League final hosts announced for 2021, 2022 and 2023". UEFA.com. Union of European Football Associations. 24 September 2019. Retrieved 24 September 2019.
  16. ^ "UEFA competitions to resume in August". UEFA.com. Union of European Football Associations. 17 June 2020. Retrieved 17 June 2020.
  17. ^ "Wembley Stadium finally connects with EE". SportsPro Media. Retrieved 19 March 2019.