Wayne Gretzky

Wayne Gretzky
Hockey Hall of Fame, 1999
A colour photograph of Wayne Gretzky in 2006
Gretzky in 2006
Born (1961-01-26) January 26, 1961 (age 60)
Brantford, Ontario, Canada
Height 6 ft 0 in (183 cm)
Weight 185 lb (84 kg; 13 st 3 lb)
Position Centre
Shot Left
Played for Indianapolis Racers
Edmonton Oilers
Los Angeles Kings
St. Louis Blues
New York Rangers
National team  Canada
Playing career 1978–1999
Website Official website

Wayne Douglas Gretzky CC (/ˈɡrɛtski/; born January 26, 1961) is a Canadian former professional ice hockey player and former head coach. He played 20 seasons in the National Hockey League (NHL) for four teams from 1979 to 1999. Nicknamed "The Great One",[1] he has been called the greatest hockey player ever by many sportswriters, players, the NHL itself,[2] and by The Hockey News, based on extensive surveys of hockey writers, ex-players, general managers and coaches.[3] Gretzky is the leading goal scorer, assist producer and point scorer in NHL history,[4] and garnered more assists in his career than any other player scored total points. He is the only NHL player to total over 200 points in one season, a feat he accomplished four times. In addition, Gretzky tallied over 100 points in 16 professional seasons, 14 of them consecutive. At the time of his retirement in 1999, he held 61 NHL records: 40 regular season records, 15 playoff records, and 6 All-Star records.[2]

Born and raised in Brantford, Ontario, Canada, Gretzky honed his skills at a backyard rink and regularly played minor hockey at a level far above his peers.[5] Despite his unimpressive stature and strength, Gretzky's intelligence, stamina, and reading of the game were unrivaled. He was adept at dodging checks from opposing players, and consistently anticipated where the puck was going to be and executed the right move at the right time. Gretzky became known for setting up behind his opponent's net, an area that was nicknamed "Gretzky's office".[6]

Gretzky was the top scorer in the 1978 World Junior Ice Hockey Championships. In June 1978, he signed with the Indianapolis Racers of the World Hockey Association (WHA), where he briefly played before being traded to the Edmonton Oilers. When the WHA folded, the Oilers joined the NHL, where he established many scoring records and led his team to four Stanley Cup championships. Gretzky's trade to the Los Angeles Kings on August 9, 1988, had an immediate impact on the team's performance, ultimately leading them to the 1993 Stanley Cup Finals, and he is credited with popularizing hockey in California.[7] Gretzky played briefly for the St. Louis Blues before finishing his career with the New York Rangers. Gretzky captured nine Hart Trophies as the most valuable player, 10 Art Ross Trophies for most points in a season, two Conn Smythe Trophies as playoff MVP and five Lester B. Pearson Awards (now called the Ted Lindsay Award) for most outstanding player as judged by his peers. He led the league in goal-scoring five times and assists 16 times. He also won the Lady Byng Memorial Trophy for sportsmanship and performance five times, and often spoke out against fighting in hockey.[8]

After his retirement in 1999, Gretzky was immediately inducted into the Hockey Hall of Fame, making him the most recent player to have the waiting period waived. The NHL retired his jersey number 99 league-wide, making him the only player to receive such an honour. Gretzky was one of six players voted to the International Ice Hockey Federation's (IIHF) Centennial All-Star Team.[9] Gretzky became executive director for the Canadian national men's hockey team during the 2002 Winter Olympics, in which the team won a gold medal. In 2000, he became part-owner of the Phoenix Coyotes, and following the 2004–05 NHL lock-out, he became the team's head coach. In 2004, Gretzky was inducted into the Ontario Sports Hall of Fame.[10] In September 2009, following the Phoenix Coyotes' bankruptcy, Gretzky resigned as head coach and relinquished his ownership share. In October 2016, he became partner and vice-chairman of Oilers Entertainment Group.

  1. ^ "Wayne Gretzky finally explains meaning behind 'The Great One' nickname". Yahoo! Sports. May 21, 2014. Retrieved March 1, 2016.
  2. ^ a b For his titles, see "University of Alberta: Honorary Degree Recipients (2000–2007)". Ualbertacentennial.ca. 2000. Retrieved July 1, 2010.
  3. ^ Kay, Jason; Ken Campbell; Adam Proteau (2007). The Hockey News - The Top 60 Since 1967. Montreal: Transcontinental Books. p. 15. ISBN 978-0-9738355-4-0.
  4. ^ Stubbs, Dave (January 1, 2017). "Wayne Gretzky: 100 Greatest NHL Players". nhl.com. National Hockey League. Retrieved March 27, 2018.
  5. ^ Schwartz, Larry. "'Great' and 'Gretzky' belong together". espn.go.com. ESPN. Retrieved October 4, 2006.
  6. ^ Sullivan, Tim. "Gretzky's office". St. Petersburg Times. Retrieved April 23, 2008.
  7. ^ Allen, Kevin (August 10, 2008). "Gretzky trade remembered for 'seismic impact'". USA Today. Retrieved February 21, 2011.
  8. ^ Duhatschek, Eric (September 2, 2011). "Getting rid of hockey's goons". The Globe and Mail. Canada. Retrieved December 16, 2015. Once upon a time, Wayne Gretzky opposed fighting in hockey as passionately as Sinden, suggesting soon after he arrived in Los Angeles that hockey would never be a mainstream sport as long as fighting was condoned the way it was. Ultimately, as Gretzky's voice was ignored for years and years, he stopped contributing to the conversation. People can only be shouted down for so long before they figure it's somebody else's turn to carry the torch.
  9. ^ "IIHF Centennial All-Star Team". iihf.com. International Ice Hockey Federation. Retrieved September 6, 2014.
  10. ^ "Wayne Gretzky". oshof.ca. Ontario Sports Hall of Fame. Retrieved September 25, 2014.