Suicide methods

Manet's painting of a suicide by gunshot

A suicide method is any means by which a person chooses to end their life. Suicide attempts do not always result in death, and a nonfatal suicide attempt can leave the person with serious physical injuries, long-term health problems, and brain damage.[1]

Worldwide, three suicide methods predominate with the pattern varying in different countries. These are hanging, poisoning by pesticides, and firearms.[2] Other common methods are jumping from a height, drug overdoses, and drowning.[3][4]

Suicides are often impulse decisions that may be preventable by removing the means.[5] Making common suicide methods less accessible leads to an overall reduction in the number of suicides.[6][7] Some ways to do this include restricting access to pesticides, firearms, and known-used drugs. Other important measures are the introduction of policies that address the misuse of alcohol and the treatment of mental disorders.[8] Gun-control measures in a number of countries have seen a reduction in suicides, and other gun-related deaths.[9]

  1. ^ "Preventing Suicide |Violence Prevention|Injury Center|CDC". www.cdc.gov. 11 September 2019. Retrieved 2 October 2019.
  2. ^ "Suicide: one person dies every 40 seconds". www.who.int.
  3. ^ Cite error: The named reference HKJC was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  4. ^ Cite error: The named reference AIM2019 was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  5. ^ Cite error: The named reference :4 was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  6. ^ Cite error: The named reference :3 was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  7. ^ "Worrying trends in U.S. suicide rates".
  8. ^ "Suicide". www.who.int. Retrieved 5 September 2020.
  9. ^ Santaella-Tenorio, J; Cerdá, M; Villaveces, A; Galea, S (2016). "What Do We Know About the Association Between Firearm Legislation and Firearm-Related Injuries?". Epidemiologic Reviews. 38 (1): 140–57. doi:10.1093/epirev/mxv012. PMC 6283012. PMID 26905895.