Sesame

Sesame
Sesamum indicum - Köhler–s Medizinal-Pflanzen-129.jpg
A photograph of a sesame plant with glossy dark green leaves and a white flower
Sesame plants
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Asterids
Order: Lamiales
Family: Pedaliaceae
Genus: Sesamum
Species:
S. indicum
Binomial name
Sesamum indicum
Synonyms[1]
  • Dysosmon amoenum Raf.
  • Sesamum africanum Tod.
  • Sesamum occidentalis Heer & Regel
  • Sesamum oleiferum Sm.
  • Sesamum orientale L.
  • Volkameria orientalis (L.) Kuntze

Sesame (/ˈsɛzəm/ or /ˈsɛsəm/; Sesamum indicum) is a flowering plant in the genus Sesamum, also called benne.[2] Numerous wild relatives occur in Africa and a smaller number in India. It is widely naturalized in tropical regions around the world and is cultivated for its edible seeds, which grow in pods. World production in 2018 was 6 million tonnes, with Sudan, Myanmar, and India as the largest producers.[3]

Sesame seed is one of the oldest oilseed crops known, domesticated well over 3000 years ago. Sesamum has many other species, most being wild and native to sub-Saharan Africa. S. indicum, the cultivated type, originated in India[4] and is tolerant to drought-like conditions, growing where other crops fail.[5][6] Sesame has one of the highest oil contents of any seed. With a rich, nutty flavor, it is a common ingredient in cuisines across the world.[7][8] Like other seeds and foods, it can trigger allergic reactions in some people.

  1. ^ "The Plant List: A Working List of All Plant Species". Retrieved 14 January 2015.
  2. ^ Miriam-Webster Benne
  3. ^ Cite error: The named reference faostat was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
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  8. ^ Cite error: The named reference esopl was invoked but never defined (see the help page).