Pseudoryx nghetinhensis, b.PNG
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Artiodactyla
Family: Bovidae
Subfamily: Bovinae
Tribe: Bovini
Genus: Pseudoryx
Dung, Giao, Chinh, Tuoc, Arctander and MacKinnon, 1993
P. nghetinhensis
Binomial name
Pseudoryx nghetinhensis
Dung, Giao, Chinh, Tuoc, Arctander, MacKinnon, 1993
Pseudoryx nghetinhensis distribution.png
Range in Vietnam and Laos

The saola (Pseudoryx nghetinhensis), also called siola, Vu Quang ox, spindlehorn, Asian unicorn, or, infrequently, the Vu Quang bovid, is one of the world's rarest large mammals, a forest-dwelling bovine found only in the Annamite Range of Vietnam and Laos. Related to cattle, goats, and antelopes,[2][3] the species was described following a discovery of remains in 1992 in Vũ Quang Nature Reserve by a joint survey of the Vietnamese Ministry of Forestry and the World Wide Fund for Nature.[4] Saolas have since been kept in captivity multiple times, although only for short periods. A living saola in the wild was first photographed in 1999 by a camera trap set by WWF and the Vietnamese government's Forest Protection Department (SFNC).[5][6]

  1. ^ Timmins, R. J.; Hedges, S.; Robichaud, W. (2016). "Pseudoryx nghetinhensis (amended version of 2016 assessment)". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2016: e.T18597A166485696. Retrieved 4 March 2021.
  2. ^ Grubb, P. (2005). "Order Artiodactyla". In Wilson, D.E.; Reeder, D.M (eds.). Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed.). Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 695. ISBN 978-0-8018-8221-0. OCLC 62265494.
  3. ^ Stone, R. (2006). "The Saola's Last Stand". Science. 314 (5804): 1380–1383. doi:10.1126/science.314.5804.1380. PMID 17138879.
  4. ^ Dung, Vu Van; Giao, Pham Mong; Chinh, Nguyen Ngoc; Tuoc, Do; Arctander, Peter; MacKinnon, John (1993). "A new species of living bovid from Vietnam". Nature. 363 (6428): 443–445. doi:10.1038/363443a0.
  5. ^ "Saola sighting in Vietnam raises hopes for rare mammal's recovery: Long-horned ox photographed in forest in central Vietnam, 15 years after last sighting of threatened species in wild", The Guardian, (November 13 2013).
  6. ^ "Saola Rediscovered: Rare Photos of Elusive Species from Vietnam", World Wildlife Federation (February 13 2013).