New York City

New York
Lower Manhattan skyline
Central park scenery
The Unisphere, a large metal globe sculpture
Brooklyn Bridge
Bustling Times Square
Statue of Liberty
United Nations headquarters building, with flags in foreground
Crowded Coney Island beach with ferris wheel and roller coaster in background
Nickname(s): 
Interactive map outlining New York City
New York is located in New York
New York
New York
Location within the state of New York
New York is located in the United States
New York
New York
Location within the United States
New York is located in North America
New York
New York
Location within North America
Coordinates: 40°42′46″N 74°00′22″W / 40.712740°N 74.005974°W / 40.712740; -74.005974Coordinates: 40°42′46″N 74°00′22″W / 40.712740°N 74.005974°W / 40.712740; -74.005974[1]
CountryUnited States
StateNew York
RegionMid-Atlantic
Constituent counties (boroughs)Bronx (The Bronx)
Kings (Brooklyn)
New York (Manhattan)
Queens (Queens)
Richmond (Staten Island)
Historic coloniesNew Netherland
Province of New York
Settled1624
Consolidated1898
Named forJames, Duke of York
Government
 • TypeMayor–Council
 • BodyNew York City Council
 • MayorBill de Blasio (D)
Area
 • Total468.19 sq mi (1,212.60 km2)
 • Land300.37 sq mi (777.95 km2)
 • Water167.82 sq mi (434.65 km2)
 • Metro
13,318 sq mi (34,490 km2)
Elevation33 ft (10 m)
Population
 • Total8,175,133
 • Estimate 
(2019)[7]
8,336,817
 • Rank1st in the U.S.
 • Density27,755.25/sq mi (10,716.36/km2)
 • MSA (2018)
19,979,477[4] (1st)
 • CSA (2018)
22,679,948[5] (1st)
Demonym(s)New Yorker
Time zoneUTC−05:00 (EST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−04:00 (EDT)
ZIP Codes
100xx–104xx, 11004–05, 111xx–114xx, 116xx
Area code(s)212/646/332, 718/347/929, 917
FIPS code36-51000
GNIS feature ID975772
Major airportsJFK Airport
Newark Liberty Airport
LaGuardia Airport
Islip Airport
White Plains Airport
Stewart Airport
Commuter railLIRR, Metro-North, NJ Transit
Rapid transitMTA New York City Subway logo.svg NYCS-bull-trans-SIR-Std.svg PATH.svg
GDP (City, 2019)$884 billion[8] (1st)
GMP (Metro, 2020)$1.67 trillion[9] (1st)
Largest borough by areaQueens (109 square miles (280 km2))
Largest borough by populationBrooklyn (2019 est. 2,559,903)[10]
Largest borough by GDP (2019)Manhattan ($635.3 billion)[8]
WebsiteNYC.gov

New York City (NYC), often called simply New York, is the most populous city in the United States. With an estimated 2019 population of 8,336,817 distributed over about 302.6 square miles (784 km2), New York City is also the most densely populated major city in the United States.[11] Located at the southern tip of the State of New York, the city is the center of the New York metropolitan area, the largest metropolitan area in the world by urban landmass.[12] With almost 20 million people in its metropolitan statistical area and approximately 23 million in its combined statistical area, it is one of the world's most populous megacities. New York City has been described as the cultural, financial, and media capital of the world, significantly influencing commerce,[13] entertainment, research, technology, education, politics, tourism, art, fashion, and sports. Home to the headquarters of the United Nations,[14] New York is an important center for international diplomacy.[15][16]

Situated on one of the world's largest natural harbors, New York City is composed of five boroughs, each of which is a county of the State of New York. The five boroughs—Brooklyn, Queens, Manhattan, the Bronx, and Staten Island—were created when local governments were consolidated into a single city in 1898.[17] The city and its metropolitan area constitute the premier gateway for legal immigration to the United States. As many as 800 languages are spoken in New York,[18] making it the most linguistically diverse city in the world. New York is home to more than 3.2 million residents born outside the United States,[19] the largest foreign-born population of any city in the world as of 2016.[20][21] As of 2019, the New York metropolitan area is estimated to produce a gross metropolitan product (GMP) of $2.0 trillion. If the New York metropolitan area were a sovereign state, it would have the eighth-largest economy in the world. New York is home to the highest number of billionaires of any city in the world.[22]

New York City traces its origins to a trading post founded by colonists from the Dutch Republic in 1624 on Lower Manhattan; the post was named New Amsterdam in 1626.[23] The city and its surroundings came under English control in 1664 and were renamed New York after King Charles II of England granted the lands to his brother, the Duke of York.[23][24] The city was regained by the Dutch in July 1673 and was subsequently renamed New Orange for one year and three months; the city has been continuously named New York since November 1674.[25][26] New York City was the capital of the United States from 1785 until 1790,[27] and has been the largest U.S. city since 1790.[28] The Statue of Liberty greeted millions of immigrants as they came to the U.S. by ship in the late 19th and early 20th centuries,[29] and is a symbol of the U.S. and its ideals of liberty and peace.[30] In the 21st century, New York has emerged as a global node of creativity, entrepreneurship,[31] and environmental sustainability,[32][33] and as a symbol of freedom and cultural diversity.[34] In 2019, New York was voted the greatest city in the world per a survey of over 30,000 people from 48 cities worldwide, citing its cultural diversity.[35]

Many districts and landmarks in New York City are well known, including three of the world's ten most visited tourist attractions in 2013.[36] A record 62.8 million tourists visited New York City in 2017. Times Square is the brightly illuminated hub of the Broadway Theater District,[37] one of the world's busiest pedestrian intersections,[38][39] and a major center of the world's entertainment industry.[40] Many of the city's landmarks, skyscrapers,[41] and parks are known around the world. Manhattan's real estate market is among the most expensive in the world.[42][43] Providing continuous 24/7 service and contributing to the nickname The City that Never Sleeps, the New York City Subway is the largest single-operator rapid transit system worldwide, with 472 rail stations. The city has over 120 colleges and universities, including Columbia University, New York University, Rockefeller University, and the City University of New York system, which is the largest urban public university system in the United States.[44] Anchored by Wall Street in the Financial District of Lower Manhattan, New York City has been called both the world's leading financial center and the most financially powerful city in the world, and is home to the world's two largest stock exchanges by total market capitalization, the New York Stock Exchange and NASDAQ.[45][46]

  1. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
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  5. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2018—Combined Statistical Area; and for Puerto Rico—2017 Population Estimates". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved April 27, 2018.
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  13. ^ "Top 8 Cities by GDP: China vs. The U.S." Business Insider, Inc. July 31, 2011. Retrieved July 1, 2018. For instance, Shanghai, the largest Chinese city with the highest economic production, and a fast-growing global financial hub, is far from matching or surpassing New York, the largest city in the U.S. and the economic and financial super center of the world."New York City: The Financial Capital of the World". Pando Logic. October 8, 2015. Retrieved July 1, 2018.
  14. ^ "United Nations Visitation Services". United Nations Visitor Centre. Archived from the original on March 14, 2017. Retrieved February 9, 2017. The Headquarters of the United Nations is located in New York City, along the East River. When you pass through the gates of the United Nations visitors' entrance, you enter an international territory. This 18-acre site does not belong to just one country, but to all countries that have joined the Organization; currently, the United Nations has 193 Member States.
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  16. ^ "Digital Diplomacy Coalition". Digital Diplomacy Coalition, New York. Retrieved August 11, 2018. Established in 2014, DDC New York has partnered with the United Nations, major tech and social media companies, multiple governments, and NGOs to bring unique programs to the area community.
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  21. ^ "Population of the United Kingdom by Country of Birth and Nationality".
  22. ^ Borden, Hillary Hoffower, Taylor. "The top 10 cities in the world for billionaires, ranked". Business Insider. Retrieved July 10, 2020.
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  26. ^ Jacobs, Jaap (2009). The Colony of New Netherland: A Dutch Settlement in Seventeenth-Century America. Ithaca: Cornell University Press. p. 104. ISBN 978-0-8014-7516-0.
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  32. ^ "The Latest: China Hopes US Joins Climate Deal Quickly". The New York Times. Associated Press. April 22, 2016. Retrieved April 22, 2016.
  33. ^ Lisa Foderaro (September 21, 2014). "Taking a Call for Climate Change to the Streets". The New York Times. Retrieved April 22, 2016.
  34. ^ Kristine Phillips (July 8, 2017). "New York mayor on Germany trip: The world should know that Americans don't align with Trump". The Washington Post. Retrieved July 9, 2017.
  35. ^ Will Gleason (March 11, 2019). "Citing its diversity and culture, NYC was voted best city in the world in new global survey". Time Out. Retrieved May 19, 2019. After compiling the thoughts of over 30,000 people, both from our NYC readership and half-a-world away, New York was voted the greatest city on the planet for 2019. In a hint as to why this happened, and why now, it also lead [sic] the categories of most diverse metropolis and best culture.
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