|State of New Jersey|
The Garden State
Liberty and prosperity
Map of the United States with New Jersey highlighted
|Before statehood||Province of New Jersey|
|Admitted to the Union||December 18, 1787 (3rd)|
|Largest metro||Greater New York|
|• Governor||Phil Murphy (D)|
|• Lieutenant Governor||Sheila Oliver (D)|
|Legislature||New Jersey Legislature|
|• Upper house||Senate|
|• Lower house||General Assembly|
|Judiciary||Supreme Court of New Jersey|
|U.S. senators||Bob Menendez (D)|
Cory Booker (D)
|U.S. House delegation||10 Democrats |
2 Republicans (list)
|• Total||8,722.58 sq mi (22,591.38 km2)|
|• Land||7,354.22 sq mi (19,047.34 km2)|
|• Water||1,368.36 sq mi (3,544.04 km2) 15.7%|
|• Length||170 mi (273 km)|
|• Width||70 mi (112 km)|
|Elevation||250 ft (80 m)|
|Highest elevation||1,803 ft (549.6 m)|
|0 ft (0 m)|
|• Density||1,210.10/sq mi (467/km2)|
|• Density rank||1st|
|• Median household income||$79,363|
|• Income rank||3rd|
|Demonym(s)||New Jerseyan (official), New Jerseyite|
|• Official language||None|
|• Spoken language|
|Time zone||UTC−05:00 (Eastern)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−04:00 (EDT)|
|ISO 3166 code||US-NJ|
|Latitude||38°56′ N to 41°21′ N|
|Longitude||73°54′ W to 75°34′ W|
|New Jersey state symbols|
|Insect||Western honey bee|
|Tree||Quercus rubra (northern red oak), dogwood (memorial tree)|
|Colors||Buff and blue|
|Folk dance||Square dance|
|Food||Northern highbush blueberry (state fruit)|
|State route marker|
Released in 1999
|Lists of United States state symbols|
New Jersey is a state in the Mid-Atlantic and Northeastern regions of the United States. It is bordered on the north and east by the state of New York; on the east, southeast, and south by the Atlantic Ocean; on the west by the Delaware River and Pennsylvania; and on the southwest by Delaware Bay and the State of Delaware. New Jersey is the fourth-smallest state by area but the 11th-most populous, with 8,882,190 residents as of 2019 and an area of 8,722.58 square miles, making it the most densely populated of the 50 U.S. states. The capital is Trenton, while the largest city is Newark. All but one county in New Jersey (Warren County) lie within the combined statistical areas of New York City or Philadelphia; consequently, the state's largest metropolitan area falls within Greater New York.
New Jersey was first inhabited by Native Americans for at least 2,800 years, with the Lenape being the dominant group by the time Europeans arrived in the early 17th century. Dutch and the Swedish colonists founded the first European settlements in the state. The English later seized control of the region, naming it the Province of New Jersey—after the largest of the Channel Islands, Jersey—and granting it as a colony to Sir George Carteret and John Berkeley, 1st Baron Berkeley of Stratton. New Jersey was the site of several important battles during the American Revolutionary War. In the 19th century, factories in the "Big Six" cities of Camden, Paterson, Newark, Trenton, Jersey City, and Elizabeth helped drive the nation's Industrial Revolution. New Jersey's central location in the Northeast megalopolis fueled its rapid growth and suburbanization in the second half of the 20th century. At the turn of the 21st century, the state's economy increasingly diversified, while its multicultural populace began reverting toward more urban settings within the state, outpacing the growth in suburbs since 2008.
As of 2020, New Jersey was home to the highest number of millionaires per capita of all U.S. states, with 9.76% of households—more than 323,000 of 3.3 million statewide—meeting the criteria. Based on 2017 data, it was the second-wealthiest U.S. state by median household income. New Jersey's public school system consistently ranks at or among the top among all fifty U.S. states.
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