Middlesex County, New Jersey

Middlesex County
Rutgers University, New Brunswick.
Official seal of Middlesex County
Seal
Nickname(s): 
The Greatest County in the Land[1]
Map of New Jersey highlighting Middlesex County
Location within the U.S. state of New Jersey
Map of the United States highlighting New Jersey
New Jersey's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 40°26′N 74°25′W / 40.44°N 74.41°W / 40.44; -74.41Coordinates: 40°26′N 74°25′W / 40.44°N 74.41°W / 40.44; -74.41
Country United States
State New Jersey
Founded1683
Named forHistoric English county of Middlesex
SeatNew Brunswick[2]
Largest cityEdison (population)
Monroe Township (area)
Government
 • Commissioner directorRonald G. Rios (D, term ends December 31, 2017)
Area
 • Total322.83 sq mi (836.1 km2)
 • Land308.91 sq mi (800.1 km2)
 • Water13.91 sq mi (36.0 km2)  4.31%
Population
 (2010)
 • Total809,858
 • Estimate 
(2019)
825,062
 • Density2,500/sq mi (970/km2)
Congressional districts6th, 12th
Websitewww.co.middlesex.nj.us
Interactive map of Middlesex County, New Jersey

Middlesex County is located in central New Jersey, United States. In 2019, the Census Bureau estimated the county's population at 825,062, making it the state's second-most populous county,[3][4][5] an increase of 4.1% from 809,858 in the 2010 census.[6][7][8] Middlesex is part of the New York metropolitan area, and its county seat is New Brunswick.[2] The center of population of the state of New Jersey is located in Middlesex County, in East Brunswick Township, just east of the New Jersey Turnpike.[9] The 2000 Census showed that the county ranked 63rd in the United States among the wealthiest counties by median household income.[10] The Bureau of Economic Analysis ranked the county as having the 143rd-highest per capita income of all 3,113 counties in the United States (and the 10th-highest in New Jersey) as of 2009.[11] Middlesex County holds the nickname, The Greatest County in the Land.[1]

The county was primarily settled due to its ideal location near the Raritan River[12] and was established as of March 7, 1683, as part of the Province of East Jersey and was partitioned as of October 31, 1693, into the townships of Piscataway, Perth Amboy, and Woodbridge. Somerset County was established on May 14, 1688, from portions of Middlesex County.[13] The county's first court met in June 1683 in Piscataway, and held session at alternating sites over the next century in Perth Amboy, Piscataway, and Woodbridge before relocating permanently to New Brunswick in 1778.[14] Middlesex County hosts an extensive park system totaling more than 6,300 acres (2,500 ha).[15]

  1. ^ a b Middlesex County The Greatest County in the Land Archived 2016-10-28 at the Wayback Machine, County of Middlesex, New Jersey. Accessed October 27, 2016.
  2. ^ a b New Jersey County Map Archived 2017-03-13 at the Wayback Machine, New Jersey Department of State. Accessed July 10, 2017.
  3. ^ QuickFacts - Middlesex County, New Jersey; New Jersey; United States Archived 2018-04-02 at the Wayback Machine, United States Census Bureau. Accessed March 24, 2018.
  4. ^ [1] Archived 2020-02-13 at Archive.today, United States Census Bureau. Accessed March 24, 2018.
  5. ^ GCT-PEPANNCHG: Estimates of Resident Population Change and Rankings: July 1, 2016 to July 1, 2017 - State -- County / County Equivalent from the 2017 Population Estimates for New Jersey Archived February 13, 2020, at Archive.today, United States Census Bureau. Accessed March 24, 2018.
  6. ^ DP1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data for Middlesex County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed January 22, 2013.
  7. ^ NJ Labor Market Views Archived September 20, 2013, at the Wayback Machine, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development, March 15, 2011. Accessed October 6, 2013.
  8. ^ Cite error: The named reference CPH232 was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  9. ^ Population and Population Centers by State: 2000 Archived 2001-12-12 at the Wayback Machine, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 5, 2011. (see map of location)
  10. ^ "Census 2000 Demographic Profiles". Archived from the original on July 15, 2011. Retrieved July 5, 2011.
  11. ^ 250 Highest Per Capita Personal Incomes of the 3113 Counties in the United States, 2009 Archived 2017-11-20 at the Wayback Machine, Bureau of Economic Analysis. Accessed April 9, 2012.
  12. ^ History Archived 2016-10-17 at the Wayback Machine, Middlesex County, NJ. Accessed March 24, 2018.
  13. ^ Snyder, John P. The Story of New Jersey's Civil Boundaries: 1606-1968 Archived 2012-06-05 at the Wayback Machine, Bureau of Geology and Topography; Trenton, New Jersey; 1969. p. 161. Accessed October 1, 2013.
  14. ^ History of the Grand Jury Archived 2013-10-04 at the Wayback Machine, Middlesex County, New Jersey. Accessed October 1, 2013. "By June 19, 1683, the first County Court was held at Piscataway. It sat alternately in Piscataway and Woodbridge until 1688 when Perth Amboy was added as one of the three alternate sites. In 1778, New Brunswick became the most prime town in the county and at that time the Middlesex County Courts were transferred there."
  15. ^ "At a Glance - Middlesex County, the Greatest County in the Land!". Archived from the original on November 18, 2016. Retrieved December 3, 2016.