McDonnell Douglas F-15 Eagle

F-15 Eagle
F-15, 71st Fighter Squadron, in flight.JPG
USAF F-15C during Operation Noble Eagle patrol, 2007
Role Air superiority fighter, multirole combat aircraft
National origin United States
Manufacturer McDonnell Douglas
Boeing Defense, Space & Security
First flight 27 July 1972 (1972-07-27)
Introduction 9 January 1976 (1976-01-09)
Status In service
Primary users United States Air Force
Japan Air Self-Defense Force
Royal Saudi Air Force
Israeli Air Force
Produced 1972–present
Number built F-15A/B/C/D/J/DJ: 1,198[1]
Variants McDonnell Douglas F-15E Strike Eagle
McDonnell Douglas F-15 STOL/MTD
Boeing F-15SE Silent Eagle
Mitsubishi F-15J

The McDonnell Douglas F-15 Eagle is an American twin-engine, all-weather tactical fighter aircraft designed by McDonnell Douglas (now part of Boeing). Following reviews of proposals, the United States Air Force selected McDonnell Douglas's design in 1967 to meet the service's need for a dedicated air superiority fighter. The Eagle first flew in July 1972, and entered service in 1976. It is among the most successful modern fighters, with over 100 victories and no losses in aerial combat against inferior enemies, with the majority of the kills by the Israeli Air Force.[2][3]

The Eagle has been exported to Israel, Japan, and Saudi Arabia. The F-15 was originally envisioned as a pure air-superiority aircraft. Its design included a secondary ground-attack capability[4] that was largely unused. The aircraft design proved flexible enough that an improved all-weather strike derivative, the F-15E Strike Eagle, was later developed, entered service in 1989 and has been exported to several nations. As of 2017, the aircraft is being produced in different variants.

  1. ^ Davies and Dildy 2007, p. 249.
  2. ^ Cite error: The named reference Davies_icover was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  3. ^ Spick 2000, p. 127.
  4. ^ "PS 940 F-15 Armament Handbook, Oct-1979." Retrieved: 29 November 2012.