Johannesburg

Johannesburg

eGoli  (Zulu)
City of Johannesburg
Clockwise, from top: Johannesburg skyline, Nelson Mandela statue, the Nelson Mandela Bridge, central Sandton, downtown Johannesburg at night, and Jacaranda trees in a suburb.
Clockwise, from top: Johannesburg skyline, Nelson Mandela statue, the Nelson Mandela Bridge, central Sandton, downtown Johannesburg at night, and Jacaranda trees in a suburb.
Nickname(s): 
Jo'burg; Jozi; Muḓi Mulila Ngoma (Venda version), Joni (Tsonga version); Egoli ("Place of Gold");[1] Gauteng ("Place of Gold")
Motto(s): 
"Unity in development"[2]
Johannesburg is located in Gauteng
Johannesburg
Johannesburg
Johannesburg is located in South Africa
Johannesburg
Johannesburg
Johannesburg is located in Africa
Johannesburg
Johannesburg
Coordinates: 26°12′16″S 28°2′44″E / 26.20444°S 28.04556°E / -26.20444; 28.04556Coordinates: 26°12′16″S 28°2′44″E / 26.20444°S 28.04556°E / -26.20444; 28.04556
CountrySouth Africa
ProvinceGauteng
MunicipalityCity of Johannesburg
Established1886[3]
Government
 • TypeMetropolitan municipality
 • MayorGeoff Makhubo (ANC)
Area
 • City1,644.98 km2 (635.13 sq mi)
 • Urban3,357 km2 (1,296 sq mi)
Elevation
1,753 m (5,751 ft)
Population
 (2019)[6]
 • City5,635,127
 • Density3,400/km2 (8,900/sq mi)
 • Urban8,000,000
 • Urban density2,400/km2 (6,200/sq mi)
 • Metro
10,500,000
Racial makeup (2019)
 • Black African76.4%
 • Coloured5.3%
 • Indian/Asian4.9%
 • White13.7%
 • Other0.8%
First languages (2011)
 • English31.1%
 • Zulu19.6%
 • Afrikaans12.1%
 • Xhosa5.2%
 • Other31.9%
Time zoneUTC+2 (SAST)
Postal code (street)
2001
PO box
2000
Area code010 and 011
HDIIncrease 0.75 High (2012)[7]
GDPUS$76 billion (2014)[8]
GDP per capita (PPP)US$16,370 (2014)[8]
Websitewww.joburg.org.za

Johannesburg (/ˈhænɪsbɜːrɡ/ joh-HAN-iss-burg, also US: /-ˈhɑːn-/ -⁠HAHN-; Afrikaans: [juəˈɦanəsbœrχ]; Zulu and Xhosa: eGoli), informally known as Jozi, Joburg, or "The City of Gold",[9][10] is the largest city in South Africa, classified as a megacity,[11] and is one of the 50 largest urban areas in the world.[12] It is the provincial capital and largest city of Gauteng, which is the wealthiest province in South Africa.[13] Johannesburg is the seat of the Constitutional Court, the highest court in South Africa.[14] Most of the major South African companies and banks have their head offices in Johannesburg. The city is located in the mineral-rich Witwatersrand range of hills and is the centre of large-scale gold and diamond trade. It was one of the host cities of the official tournament of the 2010 FIFA World Cup – and it hosted the final.

The metropolis is an alpha global city as listed by the Globalization and World Cities Research Network. In 2019, the population of the city of Johannesburg was 5,635,127, making it the most populous city in South Africa.[6] In the same year, the population of Johannesburg's urban agglomeration was put at 8,000,000.[6] land area of the municipal city (1,645 km2 or 635 sq mi) is large in comparison with those of other major cities, resulting in a moderate population density of 2,364 per square kilometre (6,120/sq mi).

The city was established in 1886 following the discovery of gold on what had been a farm. Due to the extremely large gold deposit found along the Witwatersrand,[15] within ten years, the population had grown to 100,000 inhabitants.

A separate city from the late 1970s until 1994, Soweto is now part of Johannesburg. Originally an acronym for "South-Western Townships", Soweto originated as a collection of settlements on the outskirts of Johannesburg, populated mostly by native African workers from the gold mining industry. Soweto, although eventually incorporated into Johannesburg, had been separated as a residential area for Blacks only (no Whites allowed), who were not permitted to live in other White designated suburbs of Johannesburg. Lenasia is predominantly populated by English-speaking South Africans of Indian descent. These areas were designated as non-white areas in accordance with the segregationist policies of the South African government known as Apartheid.

  1. ^ "Egoli definition and meaning". Collins English Dictionary. Retrieved 17 July 2018.
  2. ^ "Johannesburg (South Africa)". Crwflags.com. Retrieved 9 December 2010.
  3. ^ "Chronological order of town establishment in South Africa based on Floyd (1960:20–26)" (PDF). pp. xlv–lii.
  4. ^ a b "Johannesburg". Census 2011.
  5. ^ a b Cite error: The named reference citypop was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  6. ^ a b c d " Population of Johannesburg
  7. ^ "Gauteng's Human Development Index" (PDF). Gauteng City-Region Observatory. 2013. p. 1. Archived from the original (PDF) on 11 January 2015. Retrieved 1 January 2015.
  8. ^ a b Vorster, Gareth (11 March 2015). Joburg vs Cape Town: Best city challenge (Report). Retrieved 14 May 2019.
  9. ^ "Johannesburg: The City of Gold". Johannesburg: The City of Gold. 22 October 2019. Retrieved 17 December 2020.
  10. ^ "The history of Joburg, City of Gold". SouthAfrica.net. Retrieved 17 December 2020.
  11. ^ "Major Agglomerations of the World". CityPopulation.de. Retrieved 17 September 2020.
  12. ^ Th. Brinkhoff (23 January 2010). "Principal Agglomerations of the World". Citypopulation.de. Retrieved 2 July 2010.
  13. ^ "Johannesburg". Retrieved 25 May 2015.
  14. ^ Bhana, Deeksha (2018). "The Constitutional Court as the apex court for the common law of contract: Middle ground between the approaches of the Constitutional Court and the Supreme Court of Appeal". South African Journal on Human Rights. 34: 8–32. doi:10.1080/02587203.2018.1432100. S2CID 149346012.
  15. ^ Ritchie, Kevin (2 July 2012). "A jubilee that truly sparkles". IOL.