J. Jayalalithaa

J. Jayalalithaa
J Jayalalithaa.jpg
J. Jayalalithaa in August 2015
5th Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu
In office
23 May 2015 – 5 December 2016
Governor
Preceded byO. Panneerselvam
Succeeded byO. Panneerselvam
ConstituencyRadhakrishnan Nagar
In office
16 May 2011 – 27 September 2014
Governor
Preceded byM. Karunanidhi
Succeeded byO. Panneerselvam
ConstituencySrirangam
In office
2 March 2002 – 12 May 2006
Governor
Preceded byO. Panneerselvam
Succeeded byM. Karunanidhi
ConstituencyAndipatti
In office
14 May 2001 – 21 September 2001
Governor
Preceded byM. Karunanidhi
Succeeded byO. Panneerselvam
ConstituencyDid not contest
In office
24 June 1991 – 12 May 1996
Governor
Preceded byPresident's rule
Succeeded byM. Karunanidhi
ConstituencyBargur
Member of Parliament, Rajya Sabha
In office
3 April 1984 – 28 January 1989
Leader of the House
Preceded bySathyavani Muthu
Succeeded byTha. Kiruttinan
ConstituencyTamil Nadu
Leader of the Opposition in Tamil Nadu Legislative Assembly
In office
29 May 2006 – 14 May 2011
Chief MinisterM. Karunanidhi
Preceded byO. Panneerselvam
Succeeded byVijayakant
ConstituencyAndipatti
In office
9 February 1989 – 30 November 1989
Chief MinisterM. Karunanidhi
Preceded byO. Subramanian
Succeeded byS. R. Eradha
ConstituencyBodinayakkanur
Member of the Tamil Nadu Legislative Assembly
In office
4 July 2015 – 5 December 2016
Chief MinisterHerself
Preceded byP. Vetrivel
Succeeded byT. T. V. Dhinakaran
ConstituencyRadhakrishnan Nagar
In office
23 May 2011 – 27 September 2014
Chief MinisterHerself
Preceded byM. Paranjothi
Succeeded byS. Valarmathi
ConstituencySrirangam
In office
24 February 2002 – 14 May 2011
Chief Minister
Preceded byThanga Tamil Selvan
Succeeded byThanga Tamil Selvan
ConstituencyAndipatti
In office
1 July 1991 – 12 May 1996
Chief MinisterHerself
Preceded byK. R. Rajendran
Succeeded byE. G. Sugavanam
ConstituencyBargur
In office
6 February 1989 – 30 January 1991
Chief MinisterM. Karunanidhi
Preceded byK. S. M. Ramachandran
Succeeded byV. Panneerselvam
ConstituencyBodinayakkanur
General Secretary of the All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam
In office
9 February 1989 – 5 December 2016
Inaugural HolderM. G. Ramachandran
Preceded byV. R. Nedunchezhiyan
Succeeded byposition abolished
Propaganda Secretary of the All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam
In office
1983–1984
Party PresidentM. G. Ramachandran
General SecretaryP. U. Shanmugam
Personal details
Born
Jayaram Jayalalitha

(1948-02-24)24 February 1948
Melukote, Mysore State, Dominion of India
(present day Karnataka, India)
Died5 December 2016(2016-12-05) (aged 68)
Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India
Cause of deathCardiac Arrest
Resting placePuratchi Thalaivi Jayalalithaa Ninaividam
Political partyAll India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam
RelativesDeepa Jayakumar (niece)
ResidenceVeda Nilayam
81, Poes Garden, Chennai,
Tamil Nadu, India
Alma mater
Profession
  • Film actress
  • writer
  • politician
  • philanthropist
Awards
Nickname(s)Puratchi Thalaivi, Thanga Tharagai, Kalai Selvi, Amma

Jayaram Jayalalithaa[a] (24 February 1948 – 5 December 2016) was an Indian politician and film actress who served four times as the chief minister of Tamil Nadu for over fourteen years between 1991 and 2016. From 9 February 1989, she was the general secretary of the All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (AIADMK), a Dravidian party whose cadre revered her as their "Amma" (mother) and Puratchi Thalaivi (revolutionary leader). Her critics in the media and the opposition accused her of fostering a personality cult and of demanding absolute loyalty from AIADMK legislators and ministers, who often publicly prostrated themselves before her.[3]

Jayalalithaa first came into prominence as a leading film actress in the mid-1960s. Though she had entered the profession reluctantly, upon the urging of her mother to support the family, Jayalalithaa worked prolifically. She appeared in 140 films between 1961 and 1980, primarily in the Tamil, Telugu and Kannada languages. Jayalalithaa received praise for her versatility as an actress and for her dancing skills, earning the sobriquet "Queen of Tamil Cinema".[4] Among her frequent co-stars was M. G. Ramachandran, a Tamil cultural icon who leveraged his immense popularity with the masses into a successful political career. In 1982, when MGR was chief minister, Jayalalithaa joined the AIADMK, the party he founded. Her political rise was rapid; within a few years she became AIADMK propaganda secretary and was elected to the Rajya Sabha, the upper house of India's Parliament. After MGR's death in 1987, Jayalalithaa proclaimed herself his political heir and, having fought off the faction headed by Janaki Ramachandran, MGR's widow, emerged as the sole leader of the AIADMK. Following the 1989 election, she became Leader of the Opposition to the DMK-led government headed by Karunanidhi, her bête noire.

In 1991 Jayalalithaa became chief minister, Tamil Nadu's youngest, for the first time. She earned a reputation for centralising state power among a coterie of bureaucrats; her council of ministers, whom she often shuffled around, were largely ceremonial in nature. The successful cradle-baby scheme, which enabled mothers to anonymously offer their newborns for adoption, emerged during this time. Despite an official salary of only a rupee a month, Jayalalithaa indulged in public displays of wealth, culminating in a lavish wedding for her foster son in 1995. In the 1996 election, the AIADMK was nearly wiped out at the hustings; Jayalalithaa herself lost her seat. The new Karunanidhi government filed several corruption cases against her, and she had to spend time in jail. Her fortunes revived in the 1998 general election, as the AIADMK became a key component of Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee's 1998–99 government; her withdrawal of support toppled it and triggered another general election just a year later.

The AIADMK returned to power in 2001, although Jayalalithaa was personally disbarred from contesting due to the corruption cases. Within a few months of her taking oath as chief minister, in September 2001, she was disqualified from holding office and forced to cede the chair to loyalist O. Panneerselvam. Upon her acquittal six months later, Jayalalithaa returned as chief minister to complete her term. Noted for its ruthlessness to political opponents, many of whom were arrested in midnight raids, her government grew unpopular. Another period (2006–11) in the opposition followed, before Jayalalithaa was sworn in as chief minister for the fourth time after the AIADMK swept the 2011 assembly election. Her government received attention for its extensive social-welfare agenda, which included several subsidised "Amma"-branded goods such as canteens, bottled water, salt and cement. Three years into her tenure, she was convicted in a disproportionate-assets case, rendering her disqualified to hold office. She returned as chief minister after being acquitted in May 2015. In the 2016 assembly election, she became the first Tamil Nadu chief minister since MGR in 1984 to be voted back into office. That September, she fell severely ill and, following 75 days of hospitalisation, died on 5 December 2016 due to cardiac arrest.

On 29 May 2020, Jayalalithaa's nephew J. Deepak and niece J. Deepa were declared as her legal heirs by Madras High Court.[5]

  1. ^ Shashi Tharoor (23 December 2001). "'Scrabble' in real life". The Hindu. Retrieved 23 December 2001.
  2. ^ Tusha Mittal. "Chasing The Poll Stars". Tehelka. Archived from the original on 21 August 2017. Retrieved 9 December 2016.. May 2009.
  3. ^ Cite error: The named reference outlook20110321 was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  4. ^ "Jayalalithaa death: Telugu stars mourn Amma's loss!". Zee News. 6 December 2016. Retrieved 18 December 2016.
  5. ^ https://www.thenewsminute.com/article/jayalalithaa-s-niece-and-nephew-declared-legal-heirs-can-claim-her-properties-125374


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