Hartford, Connecticut

Hartford, Connecticut
State capital of Connecticut
City of Hartford
Hartford Skyline from Great River Park (Cropped).jpg
Hartford Seminary - Hartford, CT - 2.jpg
OldStateHouseHartford.jpg
University of Connecticut School of Law - Hartford, CT - 7.jpg
Connecticut State Capitol, Hartford (cropped).jpg
Cheney Building, Hartford CT - general view.JPG
Flag of Hartford, Connecticut
Flag
Official seal of Hartford, Connecticut
Seal
Official logo of Hartford, Connecticut
Nickname(s): 
  • New England's Rising Star
  • The Insurance Capital of the World
Motto(s): 
Post Nubila Phoebus (Latin)
"After the clouds, the sun"
[1]
Location within Hartford County and Connecticut
Location within Hartford County and Connecticut
Hartford is located in the United States
Hartford
Hartford
Location in the United States
Coordinates: 41°45′45″N 72°40′27″W / 41.76250°N 72.67417°W / 41.76250; -72.67417Coordinates: 41°45′45″N 72°40′27″W / 41.76250°N 72.67417°W / 41.76250; -72.67417
CountryUnited States
State Connecticut
RegionNew England
CountyHartford
SettledOctober 15, 1635
NamedFebruary 21, 1637[2]
Incorporated (city)May 29, 1784[3]
ConsolidatedApril 1, 1896[4]
Named forHertford, Hertfordshire
Government
 • TypeMayor-council
 • MayorLuke Bronin (D)
 • CouncilHartford City Council
Area
 • State capital of Connecticut18.05 sq mi (46.76 km2)
 • Land17.38 sq mi (45.01 km2)
 • Water0.68 sq mi (1.75 km2)
 • Urban
469 sq mi (1,216 km2)
Elevation
59 ft (18 m)
Population
 (2010)
1,283,383,193
 • Estimate 
(2019)[6]
122,105
 • Density7,026.01/sq mi (2,712.68/km2)
 • Urban
924,859 (US: 47th)
 • Metro
1,214,295 (US: 47th)
 • CSA
1,489,361 (US: 36th)
Demonym(s)Hartfordite
Time zoneUTC−05:00 (EST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−04:00 (EDT)
ZIP Codes
061xx
Area code(s)860/959
FIPS code09-37000
GNIS feature ID213160
Primary AirportBradley International Airport
Secondary AirportHartford–Brainard Airport
InterstatesI-84.svg I-91.svg
U.S. HighwaysUS 5.svg US 6.svg US 44.svg
State RoutesConnecticut Highway 2.svg Connecticut Highway 4.svg Connecticut Highway 15.svg Connecticut Highway 187.svg Connecticut Highway 189.svg
Commuter RailAmtrak logo 2.svg Hartford Line logo.png
Rapid TransitCTfastrak symbol.svg
Websitewww.hartford.gov
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Hartford is the capital city of the U.S. state of Connecticut. It was the seat of Hartford County until Connecticut disbanded county government in 1960. It is the core city in the Greater Hartford metropolitan area. Census estimates since the 2010 United States Census have indicated that Hartford is the fourth-largest city in Connecticut, behind the coastal cities of Bridgeport, New Haven, and Stamford.[7]

Hartford was founded in 1635 and is among the oldest cities in the United States. It is home to the country's oldest public art museum (Wadsworth Atheneum), the oldest publicly funded park (Bushnell Park), the oldest continuously published newspaper (the Hartford Courant), and the second-oldest secondary school (Hartford Public High School). It is also home to the Mark Twain House, where the author wrote his most famous works and raised his family, among other historically significant sites. Mark Twain wrote in 1868, "Of all the beautiful towns it has been my fortune to see this is the chief."

Hartford was the richest city in the United States for several decades following the American Civil War.[8] Today, it is one of the poorest cities in the U.S., with 3 out of every 10 families living below the poverty threshold. In sharp contrast, the Greater Hartford metropolitan statistical area was ranked 32nd of 318 metropolitan areas in total economic production and 8th out of 280 metropolitan statistical areas in per capita income in 2015.[9]

Nicknamed the "Insurance Capital of the World", Hartford holds high sufficiency as a global city, as home to the headquarters of many insurance companies, the region's major industry.[10] Other prominent industries include the services, education and healthcare industries. Hartford coordinates certain Hartford-Springfield regional development matters through the Knowledge Corridor Economic Partnership.[11]

  1. ^ "Mayor Bronin Delivers State of the City Address". City of Hartford. March 13, 2017. Archived from the original on March 27, 2017. Post Nubila Phoebus – after the clouds, the sun. Our city's motto, written a long time ago, but written for such a time as this
  2. ^ Burpee, Charles W (1928). History of Hartford County, Connecticut, 1633–1928 : being a study of the first makers of the Constitution and the story of their lives, of their descendants and of all who have come. I. Chicago: S. J. Clarke. p. 41.
  3. ^ Municipal Register of the City of Hartford. Hartford: The Smith-Linsley Company. 1909. p. 36.
  4. ^ "State and City Supplement of the Commercial & Financial Chronicle". New York. April 1, 1897. p. 37. The town and city of Hartford were consolidated on April 1, 1896, and their debts are no longer reported separately Cite magazine requires |magazine= (help)
  5. ^ "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 2, 2020.
  6. ^ Cite error: The named reference USCensusEst2019 was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  7. ^ https://www.census.gov/prod/cen2010/cph-2-8.pdf Archived July 22, 2017, at the Wayback Machine Connecticut: 2010 Population and Housing Unit Counts, U.S. Census Bureau, June 2012, table 8, page 11. Retrieved May 17, 2014
  8. ^ Paul Zielbauer, "Poverty in a Land of Plenty: Can Hartford Ever Recover?" The New York Times, August 26, 2002.
  9. ^ "Metro Hartford Progress Points. Retrieved 3/13/2015" (PDF). Archived from the original on July 6, 2014.CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (link)
  10. ^ "The World According to GaWC 2020". GaWC - Research Network. Globalization and World Cities. Retrieved August 31, 2020.
  11. ^ The Republican file photo. "Hartford Springfield Economic Partnership gets $4.2 million to boost Knowledge Corridor". Masslive.com. Archived from the original on September 25, 2012. Retrieved June 9, 2012.