Buildings on Mainzer Straße in Berlin
Early 20th-century damaged buildings next to a new loft tower in Mexico City's Colonia Roma
Gentrification in Praga district of Warsaw

Gentrification is a process of changing the character of a neighborhood through the influx of more affluent residents and businesses.[1] It is a common and controversial topic in politics and in urban planning. Gentrification often increases the economic value of a neighborhood, but the resulting demographic change is frequently a cause of controversy. Gentrification often shifts a neighborhood's racial/ethnic composition and average household income by developing new, more expensive housing and businesses in a gentrified architectural style and improving resources.[2][3][4]

The gentrification process is typically the result of increasing attraction to an area by people with higher incomes spilling over from neighboring cities, towns, or neighborhoods. Further steps are increased investments in a community and the related infrastructure by real estate development businesses, local government, or community activists and resulting economic development, increased attraction of business, and lower crime rates. In addition to these potential benefits, gentrification can lead to population migration and displacement. However, some view the fear of displacement, which is dominating the debate about gentrification, as hindering discussion about genuine progressive approaches to distribute the benefits of urban redevelopment strategies.[5]

  1. ^ "Gentrification"., Slater & Wyly 2010[page needed] define gentrification as "the transformation of a working-class or vacant area of the central city to a middle class residential and/or commercial use".
  2. ^ West, Allyn (5 March 2020). "Baffled City: Exploring the architecture of gentrification". Texas Observer. Archived from the original on 22 June 2020. Retrieved 21 June 2020.
  3. ^ Harrison, Sally; Jacobs, Andrew (2016). "Gentrification and the Heterogeneous City: Finding a Role for Design". The Plan. 1 (2). doi:10.15274/tpj.2016.01.02.03.
  4. ^ "Health Effects of Gentrification". Centers for Disease Control. Centers for Disease Control. 24 March 2015. Retrieved 24 March 2015.
  5. ^ Morisson & Bevilacqua 2018[page needed]