Free Negro

Free woman of color with quadroon daughter; late 18th-century collage painting, New Orleans.

In United States history, a free Negro or free black was the legal status, in the geographic area of the United States, of blacks who were not slaves. It included both freed slaves (freedmen) and those who had been born free (free people of color).

This term was in use before the independence of the thirteen colonies and elsewhere in British North America, until the abolition of slavery in the United States in December 1865, which rendered the term unnecessary.

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