Fort Wayne, Indiana

Fort Wayne, Indiana
City of Fort Wayne
Fort Wayne skyline
Historic Fort Wayne
Old City Hall
Allen County Courthouse
John Chapman Grave
Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. Memorial Bridge
Clockwise from top: Downtown Fort Wayne skyline, Old City Hall, John Chapman's grave in Johnny Appleseed Park, Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. Memorial Bridge, Allen County Courthouse and Lincoln Bank Tower, and Historic Fort Wayne.
Official seal of Fort Wayne, Indiana
Seal
Nickname(s): 
"Summit City";[1] "City of Churches";[2] "City That Saved Itself";[3][4] "Magnet Wire Capital of the World"[5][6]
Motto(s): 
Location of Fort Wayne in Allen County, Indiana.
Location of Fort Wayne in Allen County, Indiana.
Fort Wayne, Indiana is located in the United States
Fort Wayne, Indiana
Fort Wayne, Indiana
Location of Fort Wayne in the United States
Coordinates: 41°04′50″N 85°08′21″W / 41.08056°N 85.13917°W / 41.08056; -85.13917Coordinates: 41°04′50″N 85°08′21″W / 41.08056°N 85.13917°W / 41.08056; -85.13917
Country United States
State Indiana
CountyAllen
TownshipsAboite, Adams, Perry, Pleasant, St. Joseph, Washington, Wayne
FoundingOctober 22, 1794
Incorporated (town)January 3, 1829
Incorporated (city)February 22, 1840
Founded byJean François Hamtramck
Named forAnthony Wayne
Government
 • TypeMayor–council
 • MayorTom Henry (D)
 • BodyFort Wayne City Council
 • State House
Representatives
 • State Senate
Senators
Area
 • City110.79 sq mi (286.95 km2)
 • Land110.57 sq mi (286.38 km2)
 • Water0.22 sq mi (0.56 km2)
 • Urban
135.25 sq mi (350.3 km2)
 • Metro
1,368 sq mi (3,540 km2)
Elevation
810 ft (247 m)
Population
 • City253,691
 • Estimate 
(2019)[9]
270,402
 • RankUS: 77th
 • Density2,445.46/sq mi (944.20/km2)
 • Urban
313,492 (US: 119th)
 • Metro
419,453 (US: 122nd)
 • CSA
615,077 (US: 77th)
Time zoneUTC−05:00 (EST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−04:00 (EDT)
ZIP Codes
ZIP codes
  • 46774, 46802–46809, 46814–46816, 46818, 46819, 46825, 46835, 46845
Area code(s)260
FIPS code18-25000
GNIS feature ID0434689[10]
Websitewww.cityoffortwayne.org

Fort Wayne is a city in the U.S. state of Indiana and the seat of Allen County, United States.[11] Located in northeastern Indiana, the city is 18 miles (29 km) west of the Ohio border[12] and 50 miles (80 km) south of the Michigan border.[13] The city's population was 270,402 as of the 2019 Census estimate making it the second-most populous city in Indiana after Indianapolis, and the 75th-most populous city in the United States.[14] It is the principal city of the Fort Wayne metropolitan area, consisting of Allen, Wells, and Whitley counties, a combined population of 419,453 as of 2011. Fort Wayne is the cultural and economic center of northeastern Indiana. In addition to the three core counties, the combined statistical area (CSA) includes Adams, DeKalb, Huntington, Noble, and Steuben counties, with an estimated population of 615,077.[15]

Fort Wayne was built in 1794 by the United States Army under the direction of American Revolutionary War general Anthony Wayne, the last in a series of forts built near the Miami village of Kekionga.[16] Named in Wayne's honor, the European-American settlement developed at the confluence of the St. Joseph, St. Marys, and Maumee rivers as a trading post for pioneers.[17] The village was platted in 1823 and underwent tremendous growth after completion of the Wabash and Erie Canal and advent of the railroad.[17] Once a booming manufacturing town located in what became known as the Rust Belt, Fort Wayne's economy in the 21st century is based upon distribution, transportation and logistics, healthcare, professional and business services, leisure and hospitality, and financial services.[18] The city is a center for the defense industry which employs thousands.[19] There are also many jobs through local healthcare providers Parkview Health and Lutheran Health Network.

Fort Wayne was an All-America City Award recipient in 1982, 1998, and 2009.[20] The city also received an Outstanding Achievement City Livability Award by the U.S. Conference of Mayors in 1999.[21]

  1. ^ "Fort Wayne History". Retrieved April 27, 2015.
  2. ^ Salter Rodriguez, Rosa (June 22, 2007). "Census stats can't back up old moniker". The Journal Gazette.
  3. ^ Lohrmann, Shannon. "Flood brought out our best". The News-Sentinel.
  4. ^ Olson, Eric (February 29, 2012). "30th anniversary of the Great Flood of 1982: Where were you?". WPTA-TV. Archived from the original on June 28, 2014. Retrieved July 19, 2013.
  5. ^ Crothers, Julie (August 16, 2013). "Righting a toppled icon". fortwayne.com. Archived from the original on May 18, 2015. Retrieved April 27, 2015.
  6. ^ "Phelps Dodge Magnet Wire to consolidate operations to Fort Wayne". Inside Indiana Business. February 16, 2004. Archived from the original on June 28, 2014. Retrieved July 18, 2013.
  7. ^ "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 16, 2020.
  8. ^ "U.S. Census website". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved December 11, 2012.
  9. ^ Cite error: The named reference USCensusEst2019 was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  10. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". U.S. Geological Survey. October 25, 2007. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  11. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  12. ^ "Fort Wayne, IN to S State Line Rd & State Road 14, Woodburn, 46797 – Google Maps". Google Maps. Retrieved August 15, 2010.
  13. ^ "Fort Wayne, IN to Windy Shore Dr, Coldwater, MI 49036 – Google Maps". Google Maps. Retrieved August 15, 2010.
  14. ^ "U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts: Fort Wayne city, Indiana". www.census.gov. Retrieved October 22, 2020.
  15. ^ "Metropolitan and Micropolitan Statistical Areas". U.S. Census Bureau. July 1, 2011. Archived from the original on October 20, 2013. Retrieved October 19, 2013.
  16. ^ Brice, Wallace A. (1868) History of Fort Wayne, from the Earliest Known Accounts of this Point to the Present Period. D.W. Jones & Son.
  17. ^ a b "Fort Wayne History". City of Fort Wayne. Retrieved September 5, 2008.
  18. ^ Cite error: The named reference Workforce & Employment was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  19. ^ "Communications & Defense". Fort Wayne–Allen County Economic Development Alliance. 2012. Archived from the original on December 23, 2014. Retrieved April 27, 2015.
  20. ^ Lanka, Benjamin (June 20, 2009). "City reaches summit: 3rd All-America title". The Journal Gazette. Archived from the original on July 11, 2011. Retrieved June 20, 2009.
  21. ^ "The U.S. Conference of Mayors/Waste Management 1999 City Livability Awards Program". U.S. Conference of Mayors. 1999. Archived from the original on January 7, 2009. Retrieved April 8, 2014.