Federal Hall

Federal Hall National Memorial
New York City Landmark No. 0047, 0887
Federal Hall (48126566178).jpg
Federal Hall National Memorial in 2019
Location of Federal Hall in New York City
Location26 Wall Street, Financial District, Manhattan, New York City
Coordinates40°42′26″N 74°0′37″W / 40.70722°N 74.01028°W / 40.70722; -74.01028Coordinates: 40°42′26″N 74°0′37″W / 40.70722°N 74.01028°W / 40.70722; -74.01028
Area0.45 acres (1,800 m2)
BuiltMay 26, 1842
ArchitectTown and Davis; John Frazee (Interior Rotunda)
Architectural styleGreek Revival
Visitation156,707 (2004)
WebsiteFederal Hall National Memorial
Part ofWall Street Historic District (ID07000063)
NRHP reference No.66000095[1]
NYCL No.0047, 0887
Significant dates
Added to NRHPOctober 15, 1966[4]
Designated NMEMAugust 11, 1955
Designated NYCLDecember 21, 1965 (exterior)[2]
May 27, 1975 (interior)[3]

Federal Hall is a historic building at 26 Wall Street in the Financial District of Manhattan, New York City. The name refers to two structures on the site: a Federal style building completed in 1703, and the current Greek Revival-style building completed in 1842. While only the first building was officially called "Federal Hall", the current structure is operated by the National Park Service as a national memorial called the Federal Hall National Memorial.

The original building served as New York's first City Hall. It was the site where the colonial Stamp Act Congress met to draft its message to King George III claiming entitlement to the same rights as the residents of Britain and protesting "taxation without representation". After the American Revolution, in 1785, the building served as meeting place for the Congress of the Confederation, the nation's first central government under the Articles of Confederation. With the establishment of the United States federal government in 1789, it was renamed Federal Hall, as it hosted the 1st Congress and was the place where George Washington was sworn in as the nation’s first president. It was demolished in 1812.

The current structure, one of the best surviving examples of Greek Revival architecture in New York City, was built as the U.S. Custom House for the Port of New York.[5] Later it served as a sub-Treasury building. The current national memorial commemorates the historic events that occurred at the previous structure. The building was designated a city landmark by the New York City Landmarks Preservation Commission in 1965 and was added to the National Register of Historic Places (NRHP) in 1966. It is also a contributing property to the Wall Street Historic District, a NRHP district created in 2007.

  1. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. March 13, 2009.
  2. ^ Cite error: The named reference NYCL-0047 was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  3. ^ Cite error: The named reference NYCL p. 1 was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  4. ^ "Federal Hall National Memorial". National Park Service. Retrieved June 25, 2016.
  5. ^ "Federal Hall -- U.S. Custom House". FEDERAL HALL. Retrieved October 25, 2016.