Dhaka 14th March (32624769393).jpg
National Assembly (25967498804).jpg
Curzon Hall - Northern Facade - University of Dhaka - Dhaka 2015-05-31 1992.JPG
Lalbagh fort.jpg
Dhaka 21st March (25870222381).jpg
Official seal of Dhaka
City of magic[1][2]
Dhaka is located in Dhaka
Location of Dhaka in Dhaka Division, Bangladesh
Dhaka is located in Dhaka division
Dhaka (Dhaka division)
Dhaka is located in Bangladesh
Dhaka (Bangladesh)
Dhaka is located in Asia
Dhaka (Asia)
Dhaka is located in Earth
Dhaka (Earth)
Coordinates: 23°45′50″N 90°23′20″E / 23.76389°N 90.38889°E / 23.76389; 90.38889Coordinates: 23°45′50″N 90°23′20″E / 23.76389°N 90.38889°E / 23.76389; 90.38889
DivisionDhaka Division
DistrictDhaka District
Establishment1608 CE
Granted city status1947
 • TypeMayor - Council
 • BodyDNCC and DSCC
 • North City MayorAtiqul Islam[3]
 • South City MayorSheikh Fazle Noor Taposh[3]
 • Urban
306 km2 (118 sq mi)
 • Metro
2,161.17[4] km2 (834.432[4] sq mi)
Elevation4 m (13.12 ft)
 • Capital of Bangladesh and megacity8,906,039
 • Rank1st
 • Density46,997/km2 (121,720/sq mi)
 • Metro
Demonym(s)Dhakaite, Dhakaiya
Time zoneUTC+6 (BST)
Postal code
1000, 1100, 12xx, 13xx
National calling code+880
Calling code02 [For Dhaka city only]
PoliceDhaka Metropolitan Police
International airportHazrat Shahjalal International Airport
ISO 3166-2BD-13
WebsiteDhaka North City Corporation
Dhaka South City Corporation

Dhaka (/ˈdɑːkə/ DAH-kə or /ˈdækə/ DAK, Bengali: [ˈɖʱaka]) (ঢাকা), formerly known as Dacca,[12] is the capital and the largest city of Bangladesh. It is the ninth-largest and the sixth-most densely populous city in the world, with a population of 8.9 million residents within the city limits, and a population of over 21 million residents in the Greater Dhaka Area. Dhaka is the economic, political, and cultural center of Bangladesh, and is one of the major cities in South Asia, the largest city in Eastern South Asia and among the Bay of Bengal countries; and one of the largest cities among OIC countries. As part of the Bengal plain, the city is bounded by the Buriganga River, Turag River, Dhaleshwari River and Shitalakshya River.

The area of Dhaka has been inhabited since the first millennium. The city rose to prominence in the 17th century as a provincial capital and commercial center of the Mughal Empire. Dhaka was the capital of the proto-industrialised Mughal Bengal for 75 years (1608–39 and 1660–1704). As the center of the muslin trade in Bengal, it was one of the most prosperous cities in the world. The medieval city was named Jahangirabad in honor of the Mughal Emperor Jahangir and hosted the seat of the Mughal Subahdar, Naib Nazims and Dewans. Medieval Dhaka's glory peaked in the 17th and 18th centuries, when it was home to merchants from across Eurasia. It was the centre of a flourishing sea trade attracting European traders. The Mughals decorated the city with well-laid out gardens, tombs, mosques, palaces and forts. The city was once called the Venice of the East.[13] Under British rule, the city saw the introduction of electricity, railways, cinemas, Western-style universities and colleges and a modern water supply. It became an important administrative and educational center in British Raj, as the capital of Eastern Bengal and Assam province after 1905.[14] In 1947, after the end of British rule, the city became the administrative capital of East Pakistan. It was declared as the legislative capital of Pakistan in 1962. In 1971, after the Liberation War, it became the capital of an independent Bangladesh.

Dhaka is the financial, commercial and the entertainment capital of Bangladesh, and accounts for up to 35% of Bangladesh's economy.[15] Since its establishment as a modern capital city the population, area, social and economic diversity of Dhaka have grown tremendously. The city is now one of the most densely industrialized regions in Bangladesh. Dhaka is a major beta-global city,[16] as it hosts the headquarters of several international corporations. By the 21st century, it emerged as a megacity. The Dhaka Stock Exchange has over 750 listed companies. The city hosts over 50 diplomatic missions and the headquarters of BIMSTEC. The city's culture is known for its cycle-rickshaws, cuisine, art festivals and religious diversity. The old city is home to around 2000 buildings from the Mughal and British periods, including notable structures such as the Bara Katra and Choto Katra caravansaries.

  1. ^ https://www.dhakatribune.com/climate-change/2019/12/10/the-tales-of-urban-street-children-is-there-anything-we-could-do
  2. ^ https://www.thedailystar.net/star-weekend/my-dhaka/are-we-willing-know-more-dhaka-1570981
  3. ^ a b "Hasan Mahmud states 3 reasons behind low voter turnout". The Daily Star. UNB. 2 February 2020. Archived from the original on 2 February 2020. Retrieved 2 February 2020.
  4. ^ a b "Dhaka Metropolitan City Area". Archived from the original on 29 September 2017. Retrieved 29 September 2017.
  5. ^ Partha Pratim Bhattacharjee; Mahbubur Rahman Khan (7 May 2016). "Govt to double size of Dhaka city area". The Daily Star. Archived from the original on 2 March 2017. Retrieved 1 March 2017.
  6. ^ "Dhaka City expands by more than double after inclusion of 16 union councils". bdnews24.com. 9 May 2016. Archived from the original on 2 March 2017. Retrieved 1 March 2017.
  7. ^ "Dhaka, Bangladesh Map". National Geographic. Archived from the original on 7 January 2010. Retrieved 6 September 2009.
  8. ^ [1] Archived 30 July 2017 at the Wayback Machine sum for 41 thanas of Dhaka city, not including 5 upazilas of Dhaka district
  9. ^ "Population & Housing Census-2011" (PDF). Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics. p. 41. Archived from the original (PDF) on 8 December 2015. Retrieved 15 December 2015.
  10. ^ [2] Archived 11 June 2013 at the Wayback Machine.
  11. ^ "District Statistics 2011, Dhaka" (PDF). Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics. December 2013. Archived from the original (PDF) on 24 April 2015. Retrieved 14 May 2015.
  12. ^ Choguill, C.L. (2012). New Communities for Urban Squatters: Lessons from the Plan That Failed in Dhaka, Bangladesh. Springer Science & Business Media. p. viii. ISBN 978-1-4613-1863-7. Archived from the original on 5 June 2020. Retrieved 10 July 2016.
  13. ^ Hough, Michael (2004). Cities and Natural Process: A Basis for Sustainability. Psychology Press. p. 57. ISBN 978-0-415-29854-4. Archived from the original on 19 March 2017. Retrieved 26 August 2017.
  14. ^ Dani, Ahmad (1962), Dacca – A record of its changing fortunes, Mrs. Safiya S Dani, p. 119, archived from the original on 30 May 2015, retrieved 9 September 2017
  15. ^ Cite error: The named reference Rezaul Karim was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  16. ^ "The World According to GaWC 2020". GaWC - Research Network. Globalization and World Cities. Archived from the original on 24 August 2020. Retrieved 31 August 2020.