Cairns Landscape.jpg
Cairns view of CBD 3.jpg
CAIRNS映象 - panoramio - fisher0528 (10).jpg
Lagoon, Esplanade, Cairns, 2015 (06).JPG
From top down, left to right: panorama view, city centre, sea side and Cairns Esplanade
Cairns is located in Queensland
Coordinates16°55′19″S 145°46′33″E / 16.9219°S 145.7758°E / -16.9219; 145.7758 (Cairns (town centre))Coordinates: 16°55′19″S 145°46′33″E / 16.9219°S 145.7758°E / -16.9219; 145.7758 (Cairns (town centre))
Population153,951 (2019)[1] (14th)
 • Density605.39/km2 (1,567.96/sq mi)
Area254.3 km2 (98.2 sq mi)
Time zoneAEST (UTC+10:00)
LGA(s)Cairns Region
State electorate(s)
Federal Division(s)
Mean max temp Mean min temp Annual rainfall
29.4 °C
85 °F
21.0 °C
70 °F
1,981.5 mm
78 in

Cairns (/ˈkɛərnz/, locally /ˈkænz/ (About this soundlisten)) [note 1] is a city in Queensland, Australia,[4] on the east coast of Far North Queensland. The city is the 5th-most-populous in Queensland, and 14th in Australia.

Cairns was founded in 1876 and named after Sir William Wellington Cairns, the Governor of Queensland from 1875 to 1877.[5] It was formed to serve miners heading for the Hodgkinson River goldfield, but declined when an easier route was discovered from Port Douglas. It later developed into a railhead and major port for exporting sugar cane, gold, minerals and agricultural products from surrounding coastal areas and the Atherton Tableland.

The population in June 2019 was 153,951,[1] having grown on average 1.02% annually over the preceding five years.[1][6][7] Cairns is a popular tourist destination because of its tropical climate and access to tropical rainforest and the Great Barrier Reef, one of the seven natural wonders of the world.

  1. ^ a b c Cite error: The named reference ABSSUA2019 was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  2. ^ Macquarie Dictionary, Fourth Edition (2005). Melbourne, The Macquarie Library Pty Ltd. ISBN 1-876429-14-3.
  3. ^ "Cairns". Merriam-Webster Dictionary.
  4. ^ "Cairns – city (entry 5683)". Queensland Place Names. Queensland Government. Retrieved 26 June 2017.
  5. ^ "THE ELECTORAL ROLLS". The Telegraph (Brisbane) (1, 246). Queensland, Australia. 9 October 1876. p. 3. Archived from the original on 1 February 2021. Retrieved 5 September 2018 – via National Library of Australia.
  6. ^ "Facts, figures & history". Cairns Regional Council. 31 May 2016. Archived from the original on 3 September 2016. Retrieved 9 September 2016.
  7. ^ "Facts, figures & history - Cairns Regional Council". 4 February 2020. Archived from the original on 25 February 2020. Retrieved 25 February 2020.

Cite error: There are <ref group=note> tags on this page, but the references will not show without a {{reflist|group=note}} template (see the help page).