Belgrade

Belgrade

Београд
Beograd
City of Beograd
Belgrade montage.
About this image
Belgrade is located in Serbia
Belgrade
Belgrade
Location within Serbia
Belgrade is located in Balkans
Belgrade
Belgrade
Location within Europe
Belgrade is located in Europe
Belgrade
Belgrade
Belgrade (Europe)
Coordinates: 44°49′N 20°28′E / 44.817°N 20.467°E / 44.817; 20.467Coordinates: 44°49′N 20°28′E / 44.817°N 20.467°E / 44.817; 20.467
Country Serbia
DistrictBelgrade
Municipalities17
EstablishmentPrior to 279 B.C. (Singidunum)[2]
Government
 • MayorZoran Radojičić (Ind.)
 • Deputy MayorGoran Vesić (SNS)
 • Ruling partiesSNS/SDPS/PUPSSPS/JS
Area
 • Capital city359.9 km2 (139.0 sq mi)
 • Urban
1,035 km2 (400 sq mi)
 • Metro
3,222.6 km2 (1,244.3 sq mi)
Elevation117 m (384 ft)
Population
 (2011 Census)
 • Capital city1,166,763[1]
 • Density3,241/km2 (8,390/sq mi)
 • Urban
1,344,844[5]
 • Urban density1,192/km2 (3,090/sq mi)
 • Metro
1,687,132[4]
 • Metro density514/km2 (1,330/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Belgradian (en)
Beograđanin (sr)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
11000
Area code+381(0)11
ISO 3166 codeRS-00
Vehicle registrationBG
HDI (2018)0.828[7]very high
Websitewww.beograd.rs

Belgrade (/ˈbɛlɡrd/ BEL-grayd; Serbian: Београд, romanizedBeograd, lit. 'White City', pronounced [beǒɡrad] (About this soundlisten); names in other languages) is the capital and largest city of Serbia. It is located at the confluence of the Sava and Danube rivers and the crossroads of the Pannonian Plain and the Balkan Peninsula.[8] Nearly 1.7 million people live within the administrative limits of the City of Belgrade, a quarter of the total population of Serbia.[4]

Belgrade is one of the oldest continuously inhabited cities in Europe and the World. One of the most important prehistoric cultures of Europe, the Vinča culture, evolved within the Belgrade area in the 6th millennium BC. In antiquity, Thraco-Dacians inhabited the region and, after 279 BC, Celts settled the city, naming it Singidūn.[9] It was conquered by the Romans under the reign of Augustus and awarded Roman city rights in the mid-2nd century.[10] It was settled by the Slavs in the 520s, and changed hands several times between the Byzantine Empire, the Frankish Empire, the Bulgarian Empire, and the Kingdom of Hungary before it became the seat of the Serbian king Stefan Dragutin in 1284. Belgrade served as capital of the Serbian Despotate during the reign of Stefan Lazarević, and then his successor Đurađ Branković returned it to the Hungarian king in 1427. Noon bells in support of the Hungarian army against the Ottoman Empire during the siege in 1456 have remained a widespread church tradition to this day. In 1521, Belgrade was conquered by the Ottomans and became the seat of the Sanjak of Smederevo.[11] It frequently passed from Ottoman to Habsburg rule, which saw the destruction of most of the city during the Austro-Ottoman wars.

In the period after the Serbian Revolution, Belgrade was again named the capital of Serbia in 1841. Northern Belgrade remained the southernmost Habsburg post until 1918, when it was attached to the city, due to former Austro-Hungarian territories becoming the part of the new Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes after World War I. Belgrade was the capital of Yugoslavia from its creation in 1918 to its dissolution in 2006.[Note 1] In a fatally strategic position, the city has been battled over in 115 wars and razed 44 times, being bombed five times and besieged many times.[12]

Being Serbia's primate city, Belgrade has special administrative status within Serbia.[13] It is the seat of the central government, administrative bodies, and government ministries, as well as home of almost all of the largest Serbian companies, media, and scientific institutions. Belgrade is classified as a Beta-Global City.[14] The city is home to the Clinical Centre of Serbia, one of the hospital complexes with the largest capacity in the world, the Church of Saint Sava, one of the largest Orthodox church buildings, and the Štark Arena, one of the indoor arenas with the largest capacity in Europe. Belgrade hosted major international events such as the Danube River Conference of 1948, the first Non-Aligned Movement Summit (1961), the first major gathering of the OSCE (1977–1978), Eurovision Song Contest (2008), as well as sports events such as the first FINA World Aquatics Championships (1973), UEFA Euro (1976), Summer Universiade (2009) and EuroBasket three times (1961, 1975, 2005).

  1. ^ "2011 Census of Population, Households and Dwellings in the Republic of Serbia: Comparative Overview of the Number of Population in 1948, 1953, 1961, 1971, 1981, 1991, 2002 and 2011, Data by settlements" (PDF). Statistical Office of Republic Of Serbia, Belgrade. 2014. ISBN 978-86-6161-109-4. Retrieved 27 June 2014.
  2. ^ "Ancient Period". City of Belgrade. 5 October 2000. Retrieved 16 November 2010.
  3. ^ "Territory". City of Belgrade. Retrieved 6 May 2009.
  4. ^ a b "Regions in Republic of Serbia, 2018" (PDF). publikacije.stat.gov.rs. Retrieved 14 November 2018.
  5. ^ Comparative overview of the number of population in 1948, 1953, 1961, 1971, 1981, 1991, 2002 and 2011 – Data by settlements. Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia, Belgrade. 2014. p. 28. ISBN 978-86-6161-109-4.
  6. ^ "Geographical position". City of Belgrade. Retrieved 10 July 2007.
  7. ^ "Sub-national HDI – Subnational HDI – Global Data Lab". globaldatalab.org.
  8. ^ "Why invest in Belgrade?". City of Belgrade. Retrieved 11 October 2010.
  9. ^ "Discover Belgrade". City of Belgrade. Archived from the original on 18 May 2009. Retrieved 5 May 2009.
  10. ^ Cite error: The named reference books.google.com was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  11. ^ "The History of Belgrade". BelgradeNet Travel Guide. Archived from the original on 30 December 2008. Retrieved 5 May 2009.
  12. ^ Nurden, Robert (22 March 2009). "Belgrade has risen from the ashes to become the Balkans' party city". Independent. London. Archived from the original on 26 March 2009. Retrieved 5 May 2009.
  13. ^ "Assembly of the City of Belgrade". City of Belgrade. Retrieved 10 July 2007.
  14. ^ "The World According to GAWC 2012". GAWC. Retrieved 10 January 2015.


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